Uji Fitokimia Senyawa Metabolit Sekunder Dalam Ekstrak Metanol Bunga Turi Merah (Sesbania grandiflora L. Pers)

Anjar Purba Asmara

Abstract


A beginning investigation about the presence of secondary metabolite compounds in the methanol extract of red grandiflora flower (Sesbania grandiflora L. Pers) has been conducted. The flower which traditionally used as antihyperglycemic therapy has been extracted through methanolic-maceration. The crude extract was phytochemically analyzed by qualitative approach with specific reagent for the each type of the compound. The analysis of functional group prediction is also performed by using FTIR spectrometer. Phytochemical test showed that it contains alkaloid, tannin, polyphenol, flavonoid, quinone, and triterpenoid. The IR spectrum showed that the typical functional group of the secondary metabolite consist of hydroxide (–OH), olefin (C=C), and aromatic which as constituents of phenolic group

Keywords


Extraction; Phytochemical; Red grandiflora flower; Secondary metabolite

Full Text:

PDF

References


Avalaskar A.N., Itankar .P.R., Joshi V.S., Agrawal.M., dan Vyas J., 2011, Phytochemical and TLC studies of ethanolic extract of Sesbania grandiflora (Fabaceae). Int.J. Pharm.Tech. Res., 3 (3), 1346-1349.

Cruz-Espinoza, J.E., Orduña-Díaz, Rosales-Perez,M., Zaca-Morán, A. M. O., Delgado-Macuil, R., Gayou, V.L., dan Rojas-López, M., FTIR analysis of phenolic extracts from Moringa oleifera leaves. (online). www.smbb.com.mx/SMBB/III-C36. Diakses pada 21 Mei 2017.

Deepa, S., Sripriya N. S., dan Bangaru C., 2014, Studies on the phytochemistry, spectroscopic characterization and antibacterial efficacy of Salicornia brachiata, Int J Pharm Pharm Sci, 6 (6): 430-432.

Hasan, N., Osman, H., Mohamad, S., Chong, W.K., Awang, K., dan Zahariluddin, A.S.M., 2012, The chemical components of Sesbania grandiflora root and their antituberculosis activity, Pharmaceuticals, 5: 882-889.

Hasan, N., Osman, H., Chong, W.K., Awang, K., dan Manshoor, N., 2012, Isolation and characterisation of l,l’-binaphthalene-2,2’-diol: a new biaryl natural product from Sesbania grandiflora root, Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 8: 253-256.

Harborne, J. B., 1984, Phytochemical methods: a guide to modern techniques of plant analysis, New York: Chapman and Hall.

Hussain, A. Z. dan Kumaresan, S., 2014, GC-MS studies and phytochemical screening of Sesbania grandiflora L., J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 6 (9): 43-47.

Jiraungkoorskul, K., dan Jiraungkoorskul, W., 2013, Sesbania grandiflora: new nutraceutical use as antidiabetic, Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci., 7(7): 26-29.

Klein, D. R., 2012, Organic chemistry, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Kumar , R., Janadri, S., Kumar, S., Dhanajaya, D.R., dan Swamy, S., 2015, Evaluation of antidiabetic activity of alcoholice of Sesbania grandiflora flower in alloxan induced diabetic rats, Asian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 1(1): 21-26.

Mandey, F.K, Usman, H., Mursalim, M., dan Pagama, N., 2003, Study towards secondary metabolites of “Turi” (Sesbania Grandiflora, L): primarily qualitative study of a steroid in the root of turi, Marina Chimica Acta, 1(1): 9-11.

Marliana, S.D., Suryanti, V., Suyono, 2005, Skrining fitokimia dan analisis kromatografi lapis tipis komponen kimia buah labu siam (Sechium edule Jacq. Swartz.) dalam ekstrak etanol, Biofarmasi, 3 (1): 26-31.

Marlindaa, M., Meiske S. Sangia, Audy D. Wuntua, 2010, Analisis senyawa metabolit sekunder dan uji toksisitas ekstrak etanol biji buah alpukat (Persea americana Mill.), Jurnal MIPA Unsrat Online 1(1): 24-28.

Munde-Wagh, K. B., Wagh, V.D., Toshniwal, S.S., dan Sonawane, B.R., 2012, Phytochemical, antimicrobial evaluation and determination of total phenolic and flavonoid contents of Sesbania grandiflora flower extract, Int. J. Pharm. Sci., 4 (4): 229-232.

Nurhayati, Kusoro Siadi dan Harjono, 2012, Pengaruh konsentrasi natrium benzoat dan lama penyimpanan pada kadar fenolat total pasta tomat, Indo. J. Chem. Sci., 1(2): 158-163.

Padmalochana, K. dan Rajan M.S.D, 2014, Antimicrobial activity of aqueous, ethanol and Acetone extracts of Sesbania grandiflora leaves and its phytochemical characterization, International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research (IJPSR), 5(12): 957-962.

Powthong, P., Jantrapanukorn, B., Thongmee, A., Suntornthiticharoen, P., 2012,Evaluation of endophytic fungi extract for their antimicrobial activity from Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers., Int. J. Pharm. Biomed. Res., 3(2): 132-136.

Reji, A.F. dan Alphonse, R.N., 2013, Phytochemical study on Sesbania grandiflora, J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 5(2): 196-201.

Siadi, K, 2012, Ekstrak bungkil biji Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas) sebagai biopestisida yang efektif dengan penambahan larutan NaCl, Jurnal MIPA 35(1): 80-81.

Stuart, B, 2007, Infrared spectroscopy: fundamentals and applications, New Jersey: John Willey & Sons.

Trifunschi, S., Munteanu, M.F., Agotici, V., Pintea (Ardelean), S., dan Ramona Gligor2, 2015, Determination of flavonoid and polyphenol compounds in Viscum album and Allium sativum extracts, International Current Pharmaceutical Journal, 4(5): 382-385.

Wade, L. G., 2013, Organic chemistry, Glenview: Pearson Education.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/al-kimia.v5i1.2856

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Al-Kimia has been indexed in :

See Google Scholar Profile for Al-Kimia by clicking here.

       

More...

Supported By:

Creative Commons License All Publication by Al-Kimia are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Visitor Number: StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter View Al-Kimia Stats

________________________________________________
Al-Kimia, p-ISSN : 2302-2736, e-ISSN : 2549-9335

Office Address:

Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, Indonesia
Jl. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36 Samata, Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan

Contact Person: +6285-286-545-307,

Email: al-kimia@uin-alauddin.ac.id