Penentuan Sifat Fisikokimia Madu Hutan (Apis dorsata) Asal Daerah Maros, Pangkep dan Gowa Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan

Sjamsiah ,

Abstract


Abstract: The physicochemical properties of forest honey (Apis dorsata) become one of the supporting qualities of a honey. Good honey can be viewed from the quality of honey which refers to the Indonesian National Standard (SNI). Therefore, this research aims to determine the physicochemical properties of forest honey from the village of Bonto Manurung, Maros district, Tompobulu village, Pangkep district and Paranglompoa village, Gowa district in accordance with SNI. The parameters tested in this research were analysis of water content, ash content, acidity, viscosity, reducing sugar (glucose), Hydorxy Methyl Furfuraldehyde (HMF) and metal contamination tests for As, Pb and Cd on honey. The method used in this study is in accordance with SNI and the instruments used are UV-Vis and ICP-AES. The results showed that the best physicochemical properties of honey were from the village of Bonto Manurung, Gowa district which had a moisture content of 19.19 %b/b, ash content of 0.045 %b/b, viscosity of 14.82 poise , acidity is 42.43 mL N NaOH/kg, reducing sugar is 69 %b/b and HMF levels are 2.99 mg/kg. Then the Tompobulu village of Pangkep district has a water content of 22.29 %b/b, ash content of 0.35 %b/b, viscosity which is 6.71 poise, acidity of 83.06 mL N NaOH/kg, reducing sugar which is 68 5 %b/b and HMF levels are 2.84 mg/kg. Finally, Paranglompoa village in Gowa district has a water content of 24.92 %b/b, ash content of 0.52 %b/b, viscosity of 2.68 poise, acidity of 51.5 mL N NaOH/kg, reducing sugar 53.5 %b/b and HMF level is 3.175 mg/kg. As for the analysis of metallic impurities, all samples examined forest honey is not contaminated by metals arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb).


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/al-kimia.v6i2.6668

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Al-Kimia, p-ISSN : 2302-2736, e-ISSN : 2549-9335
Faculty of Science and Technology, Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar, Indonesia
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