APPLYING COGNITIVE LEARNING STRATEGY IN DEVELOPING THE STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY

Luqman Luqman

Abstract


This research aimed to examine the types of cognitive learning strategy that the students employed in developing their ability to speak English. This research applied quantitative descriptive and experimental research method. Data were analyzed by descriptive presentation and statistical analysis of t test. This research was carried out at the second year of SMA 2 Sinjai. They are all selected by using random sampling by number of students as sample of 30 students. The researcher conducted questionnaire to capture data about type of cognitive learning strategy used by the students. The result showed that, on average 58.04 % of all respondents using cognitive learning strategy, and 70 % or 21 of the 30 respondents used the practice to overcome the difficulties speaking. The analysis with the formula t test showed that, applying the cognitive learning strategy had significant positive impact on developing the learners’ ability to speak English. This was indicated by the average value before and after treatment (73 and 85.25) and obtained the distribution t table 2.000 with t calculate 5.467 obtained greater than t table.


References


Brown, H.D. (1987). Principles of language learning and teaching. Second edition. Englewood Cliffs, N.J; Prentice-hall.

Depdikbud. (1985). Petunjuk Pelaksanaan Proses Belajar Mengajar dan Petunjuk pelaksanaan Penilaian. Jakarta: Depdikbud

Eric. (1993). Improving Adult English Language Learners’ Speaking Skill Digest. Retrieved January 27th, 2019 from http://ericdigest.org/eric.digest.html.

Fraenkel, J.R and Wallen, N.E. (1993) How to Designand Evaluate Researching Education. New York: McGrow-Hill

Gay, L.R. (1981). Education Research: Competencies for Analysis and Application, Clurles E. Murril Publishing Company, Columbus.

Nclrc. (2004). The Essentials of Language Teaching: Teaching Speaking, http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/speaking/stratspeak.htm, (EriĢim Tarihi:20.10.2011).

Heaton, J.B. (1998). Writing Language Test. New York: Longman

O’Malley, J.M, and Chamot, A.U. (1990). Learning Strategy in Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Oxford, R. (1989). Use of Language Learning Strategies: A Synthesis of Studies with Implications foe Strategy Training. System, 17(2), 235-247.

Riding, G.D. (1993). Practiced and Skilled Classroom performance. Cognitive Classroom Learning. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, Inc.

Rubin, J. (1987). Learner Strategy: Theoretical assumptions, Research history, and Typology. In A. Wenden & J. Rubin (Eds.), Learners Strategies in Language Learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall International Ltd.

Rubin, J and Tomson, I. (1982). How to Be More Successful Language Learner. Boston, Mass: Heinle & Heinle

Sudjana, N. (1999). Metode Statistika. Bandung

Tenant (1988). Achievement Goals and Cognitive Learning Strategy in Dynamic Contexts of Learning. Oulu: Faculty of Education, Departemen of Educational Sciences and Teacher Education, University of Oulu.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/elties.v2i1.11422

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


  

 

ELTIES (English Language Teahing for EFL LEarners) Journal
Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Alauddin
ISSN Print : 2657-053X ISSN Online : 2657-1293

Jl.H.M.Yasin Limpo No. 36 Samata, Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

View ELTIES Stats