Delignifikasi Ampas Tebu untuk Pembuatan Pulp Rendemen Tinggi dengan Proses Peroksida Alkali

  • Gustriani Gustriani Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)
  • St Chadijah
  • Wa Ode Rustiah

Abstract

Delignification is of lignin termination process with particular solvent that produce high yield the pulping. Alkaline peroxide process produces low kappa pulp. Bagasse contains 42-53% cellulose was used as a base material for pulping. Delignification of bagasse making of high yield pulp by the process of Peroxide Alkali has been done by varying the concentration of NaOH (4%, 5%, 6%, 7%, 8%) and length of cooking 1,5 hours in the temperature 121 °C and pressure 0,11 atm. The aim of the study is to obtain the optimum length of cooking the making of high yield of bagasse by process Peroxide Alkali. The method of the study is delignification with process of cooking using autoclave. The result of the study indicates that addition of concentration NaOH affects the pulp yield, number of permanganate and physical characteristic  of papers sheet. The highest yield pulp obtained is 53,97% observed at the concentration of NaOH 5%. Whereas, the lowest number of permanganate is 3, 98 obtained by adding the concentration of NaOH 8%.

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References

Chadijah, S., 2011, Kinetika Delignifikasi Sabut Kelapa dengan Proses Peroksida Alkali pada Pembuatan Pulp, Jurnal Teknosains, 5 (2) : 223-231.

Chadijah. S., 2010, Delignifikasi Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Untuk Pembuatan Pulp Rendamen Tinggi dengan Proses Peroksida Alkali, Paradigma, Majalah Ilmiah dan Sains Matematika, 5 (2): 167-176.

Fitria, 2008, Pengolahan Biomassa Berlignoselulosa Secara Enzimatis dalam Pembuatan Pulp, Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian, 9 (2) : 70-74.

Yosphine, A., et. al., 2012, Pemanfaatan Ampas Tebu dan Kulit Pisang dalam Pembuatan Kertas Serat Campuran, Jurnal Teknik Kimia Indonesia, 11 (3) : 94-100.

Published
2013-07-26
How to Cite
Gustriani, G., Chadijah, S., & Rustiah, W. O. (2013). Delignifikasi Ampas Tebu untuk Pembuatan Pulp Rendemen Tinggi dengan Proses Peroksida Alkali. Al-Kimia, 1(2), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.24252/al-kimia.v1i2.1631
Section
Article
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