Karakterisasi Zat Warna Tomat (Solanum lycopersicum) FRAKSI Metanol:N-Heksan Sebagai Photosensitizer Pada Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC)

  • Nur Hasbi Wahab Jurusan kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)
  • Aisyah Aisyah Aisyah
  • Suriani Suriani

Abstract

One of the potential alternative energy to be developed to overcome energy crisis in the world is an DSSC. This research aimed to make a series of Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) using an organic dye from crude extract of tomato as a photosensitizer. The dye obtained from the maceration by of ultrasonic waves using methanol. Separation was done by KKCV using eluent of methanol: n-hexane (3: 7, 1: 1, 7: 3). The best efficiency value (Ƞ) in the series of DSSC that results from the fraction methanol: n-hexane (1:1) was 0.0249%. Characterization using spectrophotometer UV-Vis showed a maximum absorption at wavelength of 447 nm which is the absorption of carotene  compound. FTIR analysis showed that samples generally have -CH2-, C=C and OH strecth wich are the characteristic of carotene compound. GCMS analysis showed that dye components which estimated is dihydroxy lycopene of the retention time 10.93 with a molecular ion peak at m/z 91.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Enzell, Francis G.W., 1969,Mass Spectrometric Studies Of Carotenoids, Acta Chemica Scandinavica,727-750.

Fitra, et. al., 2013, Dye Solar Cell Using Syzigium Oleina Organic Dye, Energy Procedia,36: 341-348.

Gratzel, M., Smestad, and Gred, P., 1998,Demonstrating Electron Transfer and Nanotechnology: A Natural Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline Energy Converter, Journal of Chemical Education,75(6): 752-757.

Gratzel, M., 2003, Photoelectrochemical Cells,Nature, 414: 338-344.

Gratzel, M., 2003, Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Journal Photochemistry and Photobiology, 4: 145-153.

Nadeak, Sahat Marthua Reynard,dan Diah Susanti, 2012,Variasi Temperatur dan Waktu Tahan Kalsinasi terhadap Unjuk Kerja Semikonduktor TiO2 sebagai Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) dengan Dye dari Ekstrak Buah Naga Merah,Jurnal Teknik ITS, 1: 81-86.

O’Regan, Brian, Gratzel, and Michael, 1991, A low-Cost, High-

Efficiency Solar Cell based On Dye-Sensitized Colloidal TiO2 Films, Nature, 353: 737-740.

Supratman, Unang., 2010, Elusidasi Struktur Senyawa Organik, Jakarta: Widya Padjajaran.

Triniza, Ice, dan Yodoyono, 2011, Fabrikasi DSSC dengan Teknik Pelapisan Spin Coating Menggunakan Kaca ITO dan FTO sebagai Substrat dan Variasi Jahe Merah Sebagai Dye Sensitizer, Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November.

Published
2016-07-02
How to Cite
Wahab, N. H., Aisyah, A. A., & Suriani, S. (2016). Karakterisasi Zat Warna Tomat (Solanum lycopersicum) FRAKSI Metanol:N-Heksan Sebagai Photosensitizer Pada Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC). Al-Kimia, 4(2), 142-150. https://doi.org/10.24252/al-kimia.v4i2.1678
Section
Article
Abstract viewed = 722 times