Hidroksiapatit dari Tulang Ikan Tuna Sirip Kuning (Tunnus albacores) dengan Metode Presipitasi

  • Mutmainnah Mutmainnah Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)
  • Sitti Chadijah Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Alauddin Makassar
  • Wa Ode Rustiah Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Alauddin Makassar

Abstract

Indonesia as one of the biggest tuna fish produsers in the world, produce tuna fish bones large enough. Since tuna fish bone contain high calcium it is potentially to be the raw material of hydroxyapatite. Hydroxyapatite are inorganic compounds constituent of bones and teeth has the moleculer formula Ca5(PO4)3OH. Synthesis of hydroxyapatite can be done with precipitation method through tuna fish bone calcination process at the temperature 900°C for 5 hours to obtain calcium compounds in the form of calcium oxide. Calcium wich has been obtained added phosphoric acid 0,6 M with flow rate/rapid 1 mL/minute. Controlled synthesis process parameters are pH 10 of solution. Yield of hydroxyapatite generated after synthesis with of the precipitation time 12 hours are of 91.15%. hydroxyapatite product obtained was analyzed by FTIR(Fourier Transform Infrared) and XRD (X-Ray Diffraction). FTIR analysis indicate the presence of OH groups, PO4 and CO3. Based on the resulting diffraction of XRD analysis, crystallite size obtained each of 211.29 nm structure is hexagonal. Scherrer method was used to obtain crystallite size.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aisyah, D., Mamat, I., Sontang, M., Rosufila, Z. & Ahmad, N.M. (2012). Program pemanfaatan sisa tulang ikan untuk produk hidroksiapatit: Kajian di pabrik pengolahan kerupuk lekop Kuala Trengganu-Malaysia. Jurnal Sosioteknologi, 26, 129-141.

Andika, R, Fadli, A. & Irdoni HS. (2015). Pengaruh waktu aging dan kecepatan pengadukan pada sintesis hidroksiapatit dari cangkang telur dengan metode presipitasi. JOM FTeknik, 2(1), 1-8.

Defandi, F. (2015). Sifat fisiko kimia minyak ikan dari limbah pengolahan ikan tuna (Thunnus sp). Skripsi, Universitas Andalas, Padang.

Ebrahimi-Kahrizsangi, R. & Nasiri-Tabrizi, B. (2011). Characterization of crystal fluoroapatite nanoparticles synthesized via mechanochemical method. Particuology,.9(5), 537-544.

Kim, S & Mendis, E. (2006). Bioactive compounds from marine processing by products-a review. Food Research International. 39, 383-393.

Ignjatovic, N., Tomic, S., Dakic, M., Miljkovic, M., Plavsic, M., & Uskokovic, D. (1999). Synthesis and properties of hydroxyapatite/poly-L-lactide composite biomaterials. Journal Biomaterials, 20(9), 809-816.

Mohammad, N.F., Othman, R. & Yee-Yeoh, F. (2014). Nanoporous hydroxyapatite preparation methods for drug delivery application”. Red. Adv. Mater. Sci.38, 138-147.

Murniyati, Dewi, F.R. & Rosmawaty . (2014). Teknik Pengolahan Tepung Kalsium Dari Tulang Ikan Nila. Jakarta, Penebar Swadaya.

Nayak & Kumar, A. (2010). Hydroxyapatite synthesis methodologies: An overview. International Journal of ChemThech Research. 2(2), 903-907.

Rahajeng, M. (2012). Ikan tuna Indonesia. Warta Ekspor Kementerian Pedagangan. 6(3), 1-20.

Riyanto, B., Maddu, A. & Nurrahman. (2013). Material biokeramik berbasis hidroksiapatit tulang ikan tuna. JPHPI, 16(2), 119-132.

Rujitanapanich, S., Kumpapan, P. & Wanjanoi. P. (2014). Synthesis of hidroxyapatite from oyster shell via precipitation. Energy Procedia. 56, 112-117.

Trilaksani, W., Salamah, E. & Nabil, M. (2006). Manfaat limbah tulang ikan tuna (Thunnus sp.) sebagai sumber kalsium dengan metode hidrolisis protein. Buletin Hasil Perikanan. 9(2), 36-45.

Published
2017-12-31
How to Cite
Mutmainnah, M., Chadijah, S., & Rustiah, W. O. (2017). Hidroksiapatit dari Tulang Ikan Tuna Sirip Kuning (Tunnus albacores) dengan Metode Presipitasi. Al-Kimia, 5(2), 119-126. https://doi.org/10.24252/al-kimia.v5i2.3422
Section
Article
Abstract viewed = 1687 times