Produksi Energi Listrik dari Limbah Kulit Pepaya (Carica papaya) Menggunakan Teknologi Microbial Fuel Cells

  • Lisa Utami UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU
    (ID)
  • Lazulva Lazulva Prodi PendidikanKimia Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
    (ID)
  • Elvi Yenti Prodi PendidikanKimia Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
    (ID)

Abstract

Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) is a technology that can produce electricity whilst at the same time treat wastewater. MFCs convert the chemical energy of organic substrates into electricity through catalyzing the anaerobic oxidation process in the anodic compartment by bacteria as a catalyst. This study investigated the generated electricity using peel papaya (Carica papaya) waste. Peel papaya waste was used as the electron donor in the anaerobic anode compartment and KMnO4 was used as acceptor electron in the cathode compartment with methylene blue as mediators. The maximum power density, current, and voltage respectively were 121, 70 mW/m2, 1,79 ampere and 1,095 V at 17 days operation. The pH of the solution was increased from 3,54 to 6,64 on day 12.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chae, Kyu Jung. Choi, Mijin. Ajayi, Folusho F. Park, Wooshin. Chang, In Seop dan Kim, In S. (2008). Mass Transport through a Proton Exchange Membrane (Nafion) in Microbial Fuel Cells. Energy & Fuels (22):169-176.

Chirag K, Shah dan Yagnik B. N. (2013). Bioelectricity Production Using Microbial Fuel Cell. Research Journal of Biotegnology, Research Journal of Biotecnology, (8)3:84-90.

Idris, Sitinoor Adeib, Esat, farah Nasyitah, Rahim, Ain Adilla Abd, Rizzqi, Zahin. (2016). Electricity Generation from The Mud by Using Microbial Fuel Cell. JCCPE.

Kim, K. Y., Yang, W., & Logan, B. E. (2015). Impact of electrode configurations on retention time and domestic wastewater treatment efficiency using microbial fuel cells. Water Research, 80, 41-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2015.05.021

Kumar, A., Kumar, N., Baredar, P., & Shukla, A. (2015). A review on biomass energy resources, potential, conversion, and policy in India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 45(May 2015), 530-539. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.02.007

Li, Fengxiang, Yogesh, Sharma., Yu. Li, Baikun Zhou, Qixing. (2010). Microbial Fuel Cells: the Effects of Configuration, Electrolyte Solutions, and Electrode materials on Power Generation. Appl. Jan;160(1):168-81. doi: 10.1007/s12010-008-8516-5

Liu H, Cheng S, Logan BE. (2005). Production of Electricity from Acetate or Butyrate using A single-Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell. Environ Sci Technol, 39(2), pp 658–662.

Logan, Bruce E. (2008). Microbial Fuel Cells. John Wiley & Sons. Inc, Haboken, New Jersey.

Momoh, Yusuf OL, Naeyor B. (2010). A Novel Electron Acceptor for Microbial Fuel Cells: Nature of circuit connection on Internal Resistance. J. Biochem Tech, (2)4: 216-220.

Pant, Deepak, Gilbert Van Bogaert, Ludo Diels, Karolin Vanbroken. (2009). A review of the Substrates Used in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) for Sustainable Energy Production. Bioresource Technology. Mar;101(6):1533-43. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.10.017

Rabaey K, Lissens G, Siciliano S, Verstraete W. (2003). A Microbial Fuel cell Capable of Converting Glucose to Electricity at High Rate and Efficiency. Biotechnol, (25)18: 1531–1535

Ueoka, Nagayoshi, Sese, Naoko, Kouzuma, Atshushi, Watanabe, kazuya. (2016). Sizes of Anode and Cathode Affect Electricity Generation in Rice Paddy Field Microbial Fuel Cells. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy system, vol. 6:10-15.

Wang, Chin-Tsan, Wei-Jung Chen, Ruei-Yao Huang. (2010). Influence of Growth Curve Phase on Electricity Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell by Escherichia Coli. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 35(13): 7217-7223

Xinmin, Liu, Jianjun, Wu, Benyue, Gong. (2016). Series and Parallel Connection of Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Microbial Fuel Cell. IJAMBR, (4): 7-14.

Zhuwei Du, Haoran Li, Ting Yue Gu. (2007). A State of the Art Review on Microbial Fuel Cells: A Promising Technology for Wastewater Treatment and Bioenergy. Biotechnology advance. Biotechnol Adv, 25(5): 464-482.

Published
2018-06-27
How to Cite
Utami, L., Lazulva, L., & Yenti, E. (2018). Produksi Energi Listrik dari Limbah Kulit Pepaya (Carica papaya) Menggunakan Teknologi Microbial Fuel Cells. Al-Kimia, 6(1), 56-62. https://doi.org/10.24252/al-kimia.v6i1.4681
Section
Article
Abstract viewed = 1566 times