KALENDER HIJRIAH KRITERIA 29 DALAM TINJAUAN FIKIH

  • Elly Uzlifah UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Abstract

Criteria 29, ideas by Hendro Setyanto emerged as a new perspective criterion in the compilation and unification of the Hijri calendar in Indonesia which is still so thick of difference between the pattern of understanding mazhab hisab and mażhab rukyah. If the current criteria tries to approach the beginning of the month with visibility criteria of the hilal whose visibility condition is highly dependent on local conditions, then criterion 29 comes with a typical Indonesian tropical climate approach. The archipelagic environment in the equatorial region of Indonesia certainly has a difference in visibility with the desert environment where located in the subtropical region of Saudi Arabia, so the effort to apply the visibility criteria of a place to another certainly has a variety of different problems and constraints. Hijriah calendar countdown criteria 29 Astronomically is a pure argument which is argumentative with high accuracy computing method. The results showed that in Fiqh, the basic concepts of Hijri calendar criterion 29 in the determination of the beginning of the lunar month according to the jumhur view of the juris of Fiqh, while the recalculation of the Hijri calendar criteria 29 is one of the wasīlah option to simplify and controll calendar of rukyah. Regardless of the Hijri Islamic calendar, the criteria 29 gets a reasonable position, the rukyah is still declared as a standard (al-aṣl).

 

[]

References

Ahmad, Yusuf Al-Hajj, Kemukjizatan Angkasa Raya dalam Al-Qur’an dan Sunnah, Yogyakarta: Sajadah Press, 2008.

Al-Anshari, Syamsuddin, Niḥāyat al-Muḥtāj alā Syarḥ al-Minhāj, Juz 3, Beirut : Dar al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyah, 1993.

Al-Haitami, Ibn Hajar, Tuḥfat al-Muḥtāj fī Syarḥ al-Minhāj, Beirut : Dar al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyah, 2005.

Al-Jaziri, Abdurrahman, al-Fiqh alā al-Mażāhib al-Arba’ah, Beirut : Dar al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyah, 1990.

Al-Qurtubi, Ibn Rusyd Bidāyat al-Mujtahīd wa Nihāyat al-Muqtaṣīd, Beirut : Dar al-Fikr, t.th.

An-Nawawi, Abi Zakariya, al-Majmū’ Syarh al-Muhażżab, Jeddah : Maktabah al-Irsyād, t.th.

Anugraha, Rinto, Mekanika Benda Langit, Yogyakarta: Lab. Fisika Material dan Instrumentasi Jurusan Fisika FMIPA UGM, 2012.

Anwar, Syamsul, dkk, Hisab Bulan Kamariah (Tinjauan Syar’i tentang Penetapan awal Ramadan, Syawal, dan Zulhijah, Yogyakarta: Suara Muhamadiyyah, 2012.

Azhari, Susiknan, Ensiklopedi Hisab Rukyat, Yogyakarta: Pustaka pelajar, 2008.

__________, Pembaharuan Pemikiran Hisab di Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2002.

Ba’lawi, Abdurrahman Ibn Muhammad, Bugiyat al-Mustarsyidīn, Libanon : Dar al-Fikr, 1994.

Butar-butar, Arwin Juli Rakhmadi, Esai-esai Astronomi Islam, Medan: Umsu Press, 2015.

Departemen Agama RI, Al-Qur’an dan Tafsirnya, Jakarta: Sinergi Pustaka Indonesia, 2012.

Departemen Agama RI, Syaamil al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya, Bandung: Sygma Examedia Arkanleema, 2009.

Djamaluddin, Thomas, Menggagas Fiqih Astronomi, Bandung: Kaki Langit, 2005.

Djambek, Saadoe’ddin, Hisab Awal Bulan, Jakarta: Tintamas, 1976.

Izzuddin, Ahmad, Fiqih Hisab Rukyah, Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga, 2007.

Khazin, Muhyiddin, Ilmu Falak dalam Teori dan Praktek, Yogyakarta: Buana Pustaka, 2004.

King, David A, Astronomy in the Service of Islam, USA: Voriorum, 1993.

Majlis Tarjih dan Tajdid Pengurus Pusat Muhammadiyah, Pedoman Hisab Muhammadiyah, Yogyakarta: Majlis Tarjih dan Tajdid PP Muhammadiyah, 2009.

___________, Argumentasi Hisab Muhammadiyah, Prambanan : Majlis Tarjid dan Tajdid Muhammadiyah, 2014.

Masroeri, A. Ghazalie, et. al., Pedoman Rukyah dan Hisab Nahdlatul Ulama, Jakarta : Lajnah Falakiyah NU, 2006.

Masroeri, A. Ghazalie, Penentuan Awal Bulan Qamariyah perspektif NU, Jakarta: Lajnah Falakiyah NU, 2011.

Meeus, Jean, Astronomical Algorithm, United States of America: Willmann-Bell Inc, 1991.

_________, Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Virginia: Willmann-Bell, Inc., 1997.

Muslim, Abi Husain, Shahih Muslim, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1994.

Nashirudin, Kalender Hijriah Universal , Semarang, el-Wafa, 2013.

Qasim, Nazar Mahmud, al-Ma’āyir al-Fiqhiyah wa al-Falakiyah fi I’dād at-Taqāwim al-Hijriah, Beirut : Dar al-Basya’ir al-Islamiyah, 2009.

Setyanto, Hendro, Membaca Langit, Jakarta: Al-Ghuraba, 2008.

Shihab, Quraish, Tafsir al-Misbah, Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2006.

Steffens, Bradly, Ibn al-Haitham : Proceedings of the Celebrations of 1000th Anniversary Held Under The Auspices of Hamdard National Foundation Pakistan, Karachi: The Time Press, t.th.

Jurnal dan Makalah

Djamaluddin, Thomas, Pokok-pokok Pikiran Menuju Titik Temu Kriteria Penetapan Awal Bulan Hijriyah di Indonesia dan Jalan Mewujudkan Penyatuan Kalender Islam, Makalah disampaikan pada seminar penyatuan kalender Hijriyah untuk peradaban Islam Rahmatan lil ‘alamin di Yogyakarta, Mei 2016.

Iman, M. Ma’rifat, Analisis Fikih Kalender Hijriah Global, Jurnal fai.umj

Khafid, Astronomi Bagian dari Solusi Penyatuan Kalender Islam, Makalah dalam Munas Penyatuan Kalender Hijriah pada tanggal 17-19 desember 2005

_________, Mencari Solusi Penyatuan Kalender Hijriyah di Indonesia, Makalah Temu Silaturrahmi Pakar Falak NU-Muhammaddiyah, Bangka Tengah 28-29 September 2015.

Rohmat, Penentuan Awal Bulan Qamariyah Menurut Muhammadiyah, Jurnal Ijtimaiyah, Vol.7, No.1, Februari 2014.

Setyanto, Hendro, Kriteria 29 : Cara Pandang Baru dalam Penyusunan Kalender Hijtiyah, Jurnal Al-Hikam Vol.25, 2015.

Syarif, Muh. Rasywan. Ilmu Falak Integrasi Agama dan Sains. Cet.I; Gowa: Alauddin University Press, 2020.

Refrensi Web

https://www.wordslastchance.com/yahuwahs-calendar/siklus-metonik-disederhanakan.html,

Published
2022-12-14
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 189 times