Elite : English and Literature Journal https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite <p><strong>Elite : English and Literature Journal</strong>&nbsp;(Print&nbsp;ISSN:&nbsp;<strong><a title="ISSN pint" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1389582570">2355-0821</a></strong>,&nbsp;Online ISSN:&nbsp;<strong><a title="ISSN online" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1489495597">2580-5215</a></strong>) is&nbsp; peer-reviewed journal devoted specifically to the studies of English linguistics and literature and other literatures with a special emphasis on local culture, wisdom, philosophy and identity.&nbsp;<strong>Elite&nbsp;:&nbsp;English and Literature Journal</strong>&nbsp;is&nbsp;<a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1arbKJNEO1cVSddzirjRuGsPcc57QADcp/view?usp=sharing"><strong>accredited</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(SINTA 3)</strong></a> by the Indonesian Ministry of Higher Education with Decree Number&nbsp;<strong>200/M/KPT/2020, 23</strong>&nbsp;December 2020. Published twice a year in&nbsp;<strong>June and December</strong>, the first edition of ELITE was published in 2013. The journal contents are managed by the English and Literature Department, Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, Indonesia in collaboration with <strong><a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/16uy4gqs0rpiSzQoohvoGzgOqa7LmTyOo/view?usp=sharing">Elite Association Indonesia</a></strong>&nbsp;and<strong>&nbsp;<a href="https://drive.google.com/drive/u/3/folders/1LnuV5Tzdh0rcsatZhmClXxkerdwmN8mp">Linguistics and Literature Association (LITA)</a>.</strong></p> en-US <p>Once an article was published in the journal, the author(s) are:<br><br>granted to the journal right licensed under Creative Commons License Attribution that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship.<br>permitted to publish their work online in third parties as it can lead wider dissemination of the work.<br>continue to be the copyright owner and allow the journal to publish the article with the CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license<br>receiving a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) of the work.<br><br></p> nirwana.nirwana@uin-alauddin.ac.id (Nirwana) rosmahtami@gmail.com (Rosmah Tami) Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE NEXUS OF POWER AND OPPRESSION: A FOUCAULDIAN AND GRAMSCIAN STUDY OF PROSPERO’S DOMINANCE IN THE TEMPEST https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/43217 <p><em>This study focuses on the intricate power dynamics and hegemonic structures in William Shakespeare’s The Tempest, focusing on Prospero’s dominion over his subordinated subjects, Ariel and Caliban. Drawing from Michel Foucault’s power relations and Antonio Gramsci’s hegemony, the study reveals that power within the narrative transcends physical coercion, encompassing the manipulation of cultural, political, and ideological elements. The findings unveil the complex interplay of forces governing authority, subjugation, and the imposition of cultural and intellectual control in the context of the master-slave relationship. Prospero, as the master, employs language and narrative manipulation to assert his dominance over Ariel and Caliban, yielding both physical and psychological control. The themes of oppression and colonialism within the play are distinctly portrayed, notably through the enslavement of Caliban and Ariel, emphasizing their resilience against prevailing power imbalances. Moreover, this research extends beyond Shakespeare’s work, functioning as a metaphor for contemporary societal challenges related to power, dominion, and resistance. Ultimately, the interplay of power and oppression within The Tempest provides a profound lens through which to examine the intricacies of power within the broader spectrum of human existence, enriching our understanding of power dynamics in literature and their significance in contemporary societal issues.</em></p> Elsa Lailatul Marfu'ah, Arya Saputra, Tito Aryo Wicaksono, Mariam Kusniah, Hidayatul Nurjanah Copyright (c) 2023 Elsa Lailatul Marfu'ah, Arya Saputra, Tito Aryo Wicaksono, Mariam Kusniah, Hidayatul Nurjanah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/43217 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 07:34:42 +0000 APPLYING HOWARD GARDNER’S THEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES TO JENNY MELLOR’S CHARACTER IN THE MOVIE “AN EDUCATION” https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/38948 <p><em>"An Education" is a drama movie from 2009 that was directed by Lone Scherfig and produced by Finola Dwyer and Amanda Posey. It features an ensemble cast including Carey Mulligan, Peter Sarsgaard, Alfred Molina, Rosamund Pike, Dominic Cooper, Emma Thompson, and Olivia Williams. The central character in the movie is Jenny Mellor, a hardworking 16-year-old student. Her parents have high hopes for her to attend Oxford University. However, Jenny's orderly life starts to change when she develops an unlikely relationship with David Goldman, a middle-aged man. This study examines the portrayal of Jenny Mellor, the main character in the movie "An Education," through the lens of Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. The study aims to analyze the various forms of intelligence that Jenny Mellor possesses and how they shape her personal and academic growth. Utilizing Gardner's theory, which acknowledges different types of intelligence beyond traditional academic measures, this study explores how Jenny's intellectual, social, emotional, and creative capacities are depicted in the movie. The analysis utilizes qualitative methods, including content analysis and narrative interpretation, to explore the diverse aspects of Jenny's intelligence. The findings reveal that Jenny demonstrates strengths in linguistic, logical-mathematical, interpersonal, and intrapersonal intelligence, while also displaying aptitude in other domains such as musical and Visual-Spatial intelligence. Furthermore, the study sheds light on how Jenny's diverse intelligences influence her decision-making, relationships, and overall development. This study contributes to a deeper appreciation of the multifaceted nature of intelligence and illuminates the character development of Jenny Mellor through the lens of Howard Gardner's theory. </em></p> Muhammad Ilham Ali, Rutmintauli Simanjuntak, Herminus Efrando Pabur Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Ilham Ali, Rutmintauli Simanjuntak, Herminus Efrando Pabur https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/38948 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 08:12:10 +0000 LOCAL CULTURE IN A DISRUPTIVE WORLD https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/38276 <p><em>This study aimed to describe the implementing digitizing folklore in the English Drama Course to the students of English and Literature Department. In addition, to evaluate the student responses to the project as part of cultural preservation efforts. This study used mixed methods to collect qualitative and quantitative data. The population of the research were fourth semester students of class AG 2/3 of English and Literature Department of UIN Alauddin Makassar. The object was the English Drama Course by applying the "Active Learning" model in the form of digitizing local folklore into animated video. The research technique was carried out by means of observation, interviews and surveys to answer the research questions. The results showed that this project has succeeded in presenting an educational and entertaining animated video for the public watch. In addition, all students involved have responded positively to the implementation of the project and considered the process and implementation were successful and satisfying, especially as an effort to preserve local culture and promote cultural education.</em></p> Sandra Dewi Dahlan Copyright (c) 2023 Sandra Dewi Dahlan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/38276 Sat, 23 Dec 2023 15:33:52 +0000 THE WHITE WOMAN’S SYMPATHY AND BLACK WOMEN RESISTANCE IN THE TATE TAYLOR THE HELP FILM https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/38999 <p><em>This qualitative research discusses black women's resistance and white women's sympathy in The Help film. In the main theory, this research uses Scott's resistance theory, which consists of close Resistance, semi-open resistance, and open resistance. The data in this research includes dialogue and scenes from The Help film, which describe black women's resistance and white women's sympathy. In obtaining the data, this research uses observation by watching the dialogue about black women's resistance and white women's sympathy and documentation by saving this dialogue and scenes from this film. The data in this research is repeatedly analyzed by the interactive technique, which consists of three steps: data reduction in selecting the representative data, data display in creating the table, and data conclusion in concluding the data analysis. This research shows that black women resist white superiority by talking to white women about white people's mistreatment, defending themselves from white people's accusations, and taking revenge on white women. Besides, white women sympathize with black women by writing a book about the black maid, feeling empathy and sorry for the back maid, and taking revenge for black maids.</em></p> Azzahra Syafik, Essy Syam, Edward, Sorta Hutahaean Copyright (c) 2023 Azzahra Syafik, Essy Syam, Edward, Sorta Hutahean https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/38999 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:18:40 +0000 UNPACKING RACIOLINGUISTIC IDEOLOGY IN YOUNG ADULT FICTION: A TEXTUAL ANALYSIS OF NOVEL “FRONT DESK” BY KELLY YANG https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/42861 <p><strong>Abstract </strong></p> <p>This study examines the representation of raciolinguistic ideologies in Young Adult Fiction, with a particular focus on Kelly Yang's novel "Front Desk." The novel, which was published in 2018, serves as a prism through which to examine the interaction between race and language. Raciolinguistic ideologies, as described by Rosa and Flores, pertain to the complex interplay between race and language and how it is actively used to establish and perpetuate social hierarchies and inequalities. This study will use textual analysis to find and examine the linguistic and narrative mechanisms used in "Front Desk" to express and interrogate these raciolinguistic ideologies. The textual analysis results reveal unique linguistic techniques used in "Front Desk," offering light on how characters navigate and negotiate language in connection to their racial identities. The novel's narrative depictions quietly establish and perpetuate racial hierarchies, providing nuanced insights into how language contributes to these social constructions. The research clarifies the novel's portrayal of the progression of individuals' language practices in relation to their racial identities through an examination of character development, providing a greater understanding of raciolinguistic ideologies in narrative form.</p> Nirwana, Aceng Ruhendi Saifullah, Mutakhirani Mustafa, Zulfiana Amaliana MZ Copyright (c) 2023 Nirwana Muhlis, Aceng Ruhendi Saifullah, Mutakhirani Mustafa, Zulfiana Amaliana MZ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/42861 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:52:40 +0000 GENDER AND CLASS IN SALLY ROONEY’S NORMAL PEOPLE https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/39285 <p>Normal People<em> (2018), a novel by Sally Rooney, presents issues of gender and class through its description of two different perspectives of the main characters, Connell and Marianne. This article examines how this novel depicts issues of gender and class which are portrayed through Connell and Marianne’s relationship as a couple. Using narrative theories by Bal and Genette, as well as Haslanger’s and Raewyn Connell’s theory on gender and Bourdieu’s theory on social class, this article focuses on how the discrimination of gender and class affects Connell’s and Marianne’s relationship. The findings and discussion show the oppression that Marianne experiences is associated with the internalization of oppression, sexism, and misogyny. The discussion also shows that hegemonic masculinity has a role in the matter of how the difference of Connell’s and Marianne’s gender and class is presented. Despite being superior in term of class, Marianne is inferior in term of gender than Connell who comes from a working class society. However, the novel presents how the main characters’ perception changes as in the end they no longer problematize their gender and class. We argue that the novel disagrees with the inferior feeling caused by different gender and class.</em></p> Damia Rizka Ghassani, Ida Farida Sachmadi, Lestari Manggong Copyright (c) 2023 Damia Rizka Ghassani, Ida Farida Sachmadi, Lestari Manggong https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/39285 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 01:09:43 +0000 HUMAN INTERFERENCES TO REWILD THE NATURE DEPICTED IN CHARLOTTE MCCONAGHY’S ONCE THERE WERE WOLVES https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/39782 <p><em>Environmental problems have become a severe issue in recent decades. The world has started to change due to human activities that affect the natural environment. Deforestation, industrialization, burning fuels, human overpopulation, and many more have triggered climate change. In her novel, Once There Were Wolves, Charlotte McConaghy vividly describes such a condition. This novel exposes how the Scottish Highlands begins to ruin because of the overabundant population of deer. They eat the plant shoots, and that makes the plants die. Moreover, this research intends to investigate human interferences in saving damaged nature as depicted in the novel. This study is a literary criticism since it aims to analyze the object used. Furthermore, the Ecocriticism approach was employed to analyze humans' efforts to help nature return to its natural state. The research method involves a deep reading and understanding of Charlotte McConaghy’s Once There Were Wolves, with a focus on the humans’ effort to rewild nature. The result reveals the portrayal of humans’ actions to help nature back into its natural state by releasing wolves as the apex predator, keeping the forest and vegetation, and finding places to grow trees. Doing those actions helps the Scottish Land back naturally. The deer population decreases and the land becomes a beautiful place to go.</em></p> Firda Aulia Rachmasari, Muhammad Edy Thoyib Copyright (c) 2023 Firda Aulia Rachmasari, Muhammad Edy Thoyib https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/39782 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 LITERATURE IN INCREASING ECOLOGICAL AWARENESS IN THE ERA OF INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 5.0. https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/42500 <p><em>The Industrial Revolution 5.0 is an integration of advanced technology and human expertise. The era that focuses on improving the quality of life and human welfare by optimizing the use of limited natural resources but still environmentally friendly forces people to be adaptive to the orientation of that era. Based on the core of literature as dulce et utile, beautiful and meaningful or useful (Horatius), this study intends to find and show the meaningfulness and contribution of literary work as a medium in increasing ecological awareness in era of Industrial Revolution 5.0. As a perspective to understand environmental problems, ecological literature (Eco Literature) was chosen as an approach to find answers in this research. The research method is </em><em>hermeneutic</em><em> method. The object of research is novel. The selected novels are Dunia Anna</em> <em>and The </em><em>O</em><em>verstory. The characters in the t</em><em>wo</em><em> novels are described as having ecological awareness</em><em>. They are aware</em> <em>about</em><em> the importance of preserving the environment so that the earth is not damaged but could benefit to future generations. The characters are described as carrying out a mission to save the environment and making efforts to restore the state of the environment. This is in line with</em><em> the vision of</em><em> Industrial Revolution 5.0 which prioritizes environmentally friendly concepts. Ecological awareness messages in these t</em><em>wo</em><em> novels provide evidence that novels as literary works contain life learning values ​​that are useful</em><em>, contributive</em><em> and deserve to be taught and disseminated.</em></p> Nahdhiyah Nahdhiyah, Sardian Maharani Copyright (c) 2023 Nahdhiyah Nahdhiyah, Sardian Maharani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/elite/article/view/42500 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000