CULTURE REPRODUCTION IN MAKASSAR, PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE BARZANJI RITUAL OF MAKASSAR CITY MUSLIM COMMUNITIES
This article discusses the cultural reproduction in Makassar, a phenomenological study of the barzanji ritual of the Muslim community in the city of Makassar. Muslims, especially in South Sulawesi, have made it a habit or tradition to recite shalawat wherever and whenever. Allah's order about blessing is intended to glorify and strengthen the respect that we should do as long as he is alive until his death. Even after death, we are obliged to continue praying to Him in the hope of obtaining the intercession of Prophet Muhammad SAW. This article uses a descriptive type of qualitative research, the data source used is primary data in the form of community figures, religious figures, and traditional figures who are considered representative of the research, secondary data in the form of books, journals, and scientific research, the research approach uses phenomenology religion as well as data analysis using, reduction, Display data drawing conclusions, research results show that . The Barzanji reading is a series of Maulid reminders that are read after the reading of the holy verses of the Qur'an and before the delivery of wisdom from a speaker. However, this tradition of Barzanji will be carried out throughout the year when meeting the following moments, such as the reading of Barzanji at the tradition of entering a new house, the initial chain of wedding events ( mappaccing in the Makassar Bugis tradition), pilgrimage , purchase of a new vehicle, or other thanksgiving traditions which expresses happiness as a sign of gratitude for the gift that has been received from Allah swt.
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