• Aspin Nur Arifin Rivai Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
Keywords: Infrastructure Diplomacy, BRI, AIIB, ASEAN


China's success is due to the Go Out policy. Xi Jinping became the party that gave China a new form in regional and world competition through the Belt Road Initiative cooperation campaign. This cooperation has convergence with the interests of Southeast Asian countries, on the one hand they want deepening economic cooperation facilities, on the other hand infrastructure development assistance. This research uses an infrastructure diplomacy approach which assesses that the promotion of cooperation offered by China to Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines cannot be seen as an ordinary form of cooperation, but as an effort by Beijing's administration to build a hegemonic image in the Southeast Asian region based on geo- economy, while on the commercial side BRI's presence is a continuation of the Go Out policy, namely the internationalization of SOEs in infrastructure development cooperation relations.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Aspin Nur Arifin Rivai, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

The Department of International Relations


ADB. (2016). ASEAN Infrastructure Fund. Dipetik April 31, 2018, dari

Allison, G. (2017). Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? London: Scribe Publications.

Alon, I., Wang, H., Shen, J., & Zhang, W. (2014). Chinese State-Owned Enterprises Go Global. Journal of Business Strategy, 35(6), 3-18.

ASEAN. (2016). Master Plan for ASEAN Connectivity 2025. Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat.

BCC. (2017). Jokowi Tawarkan Tiga Megaproyek ke Xi Jinping. Dipetik May 9, 2018, dari

Bender, J., & Rosen, A. (2015). This Pentagon Mp Sows HowChina's Eergy Neds are Driving Beijing's Military and Diplomatic Strategy. Dipetik May 3, 2018, dari

Bhattacharyay, B. N. (2009). Infrastructure Development for ASEAN Economic Integration. Tokyo: ADB Institute.

Brzezinski, Z. (1997). The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy And Its Geostrategic Imperatives. New York: Perseus Books.

Callaghan, M., & Hubbard, P. (2016). The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: Multilateralism on the Silk Road. China Economic Journal, 9(2), 116-139.

Callahan, W. A. (2016). China’s “Asia Dream”: The Belt Road Initiative and the New Regional Order. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, 1(3), 226-243.

Castro, R. C. (2016). The Duterte Administration’s Foreign Policy: Unravelling the Aquino Administration’s Balancing Agenda on an Emergent China. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 35(3), 139-159.

Chan, H. (2016). Prospect of Chinese Rail Export Under “ One Belt, One Road”. Dalam T. W. Lim, H. Chan, K. Tseng, & W. X. Lim (Penyunt.), China's One Belt One Road Initiative (hal. 197-235). London: Imperial College Press.

Clarke, M. (2017). The Belt and Road Initiative: China's New Grand Strategy? Asia Policy, 24, 71-79.

Deepak, B. (2018). China’s Global Rebalancing: Will It Reshape the International Politicaland Economic Order? Dalam B. Deepak (Penyunt.), China’s Global Rebalancingand the New Silk Road (hal. 1-12). Singapore: Springer.

Diono, B. (2018). Financing the Philippines Golden Age of Transportation Infrastructure. Dipetik May 3, 2018, dari

Estrada, D. V. (2018). China's Belt and Road Initiative Implications for the Philippines. FSI Insigts, 5(3), 1-9.

Fedorenko, V. (2013). The New Silk Road Initiatives in Central Asia. Washington DC: RETHINK.

Fei, D. (2017). Worlding Developmentalism: China's Economic Zones Within and Beyond its Border. Journal of International Development, 29(6), 825-850.

Hong, Z. (2017). “One Belt One Road” and China–Southeast Asia Relations. Dalam L. Dittmer, & C. B. Ngeow (Penyunt.), Southeast Asia and China: A Contest in Mutual Socialization (hal. 211-225). Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.

Hu, A., Tang, X., Yang, Z., & Yan, Y. (2017). The Modernization of China’s State Governance. Singapore: Springer.

Idris, A. N. (2015). IJM Unit Gets Extension on Kuantan Port Concession. Dipetik May 7, 2018, dari

Ikenberry, G. J. (2008). The Rise of China and the Future of the West: Can the Liberal System Survive? Foreign Affairs, 87(1), 23-37.

Jianren, L. (2016). The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and China-ASEAN Industry Cooperation. International Journal of China Studies, 7(3), 375-389.

Kennedy, S., & Parker, D. A. (2015). Building China’s “One Belt, One Road”. Dipetik May 12, 2018, dari

Kontan. (2017). Ini yang Ditawarkan Kemenperin ke Investor China. Dipetik May 9, 2018, dari

KPPIP. (2016). Proyek Strategis Nasional. Dipetik May 9, 2018, dari

Kurniawan, Y. (2016). One Belt One Road (OBOR): Agenda Keamanan Liberal Tiongkok? Politicia, 7(2), 233-254.

Lee, L. (2017). Hard-pedaling soft power, China helps launch $13 billion Belt and Road rail project in Malaysia. Dipetik May 6, 2018, dari

Len, C., Tomohiko, U., & Tetsuya, H. (2008). Japan's Silk Road Diplomacy. Paving the Road Ahead. Massachusett: The Central Asia-Caucasus Institute .

Li, X. (2016). Applying Offensive Realism to the Rise of China: Structural Incentives and Chinese Diplomacy Toward the Neighboring States . International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 16(2), 241–271.

Li, Y. (2017). Belt and Road: A Logic Behind the Myth. Dalam A. Amighini (Penyunt.), China's Belt and Road: A Game Changer? (hal. 13-33). Milano: ISPI.

Lim, A. C.-H. (2015). China's Belt and Road and Southeast Asia: Challanges and Prospects. JATI, 20, 3-15.

Lin, C. (2011, April). The New Silk Road: China’s Energy Strategyin the Greater Middle East. Dipetik May 11, 2018, dari

Liu, W., & Dunford, M. (2016). Inclusive Globalization: Unpacking China's Belt and Road Initiative. Area Development and Policy, 1(3), 323-340.

Liu, X. (2010). The Silk Road in World History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Luttwak, E. N. (1990). From Geopolitics to Geo-Economics: Logic of Conflict, Grammar of Commerce. The National Interest(20), 17-23.

Ma, D. (1999). The Silk Roads in History. Dalam D. O. Flynn, L. Frost, & A. Latham (Penyunt.), Pacific Centuries: Pacific and Pacific Rim Economic History Since the 16th Century. London: Routledge.

Mearsheimer, J. J. (2006). China's Unpeaceful Rise. Current History, 105(690), 160-162.

Mearsheimer, J. J. (2014, Oktober 25). Can China Rise Peacefully? The National Interest.

Miller, T. (2017). China’s Asian Dream, Empire Building Along the New Silk Road. London: Zed Books.

O’Trakoun, J. (2017). China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Regional Perceptions of China. The Journal of the National Association for Business Economis, 52 (3).

Pattiradjawane, R. (2016). China's High-Speed Track to Diplomacy in South-East Asia: The Jakarta Post Columnist. Dipetik May 10, 2018, dari

Petsinger. (2017). What is Geoeconomics? The World Today, 72(6).

Ping, W. (2013). The Chinese View: Reflection of the Long-Term Experiences of Aid Receiving and Giving. Dalam Y. Shimomura, & H. Osashi (Penyunt.), A Study of China’s Foreign Aid: An Asian Prespective (hal. 125-144). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Republika. (2017). Indonesia Tawarkan Cina Proyek Infrastruktur Rp 217 Triliun. Dipetik May 9, 2018, dari

Sandee, H. (2009). Mempromosikan Pembangunan Daerah di Indonesia Melalui Konektivitas yang Lebih Baik. Dipetik May 9, 2018, dari

Scobell, A. (2021). Constructing a U.S.-China Rivalry in the Indo-Pacific and Beyond. Journal of Contemporary China, 30(127), 69-84.

Shekhar, V., & Liow, J. C. (2014). Indonesia as a Maritime Power: Jokowi's Vision, Strategies, and Obstacles Ahead. Dipetik May 9, 2018, dari

Suhendra. (2016). Proyek Kereta Cepat, Ketika Cina Menelikung Jepang. Dipetik May 10, 2018, dari

Tat, H. H., Chew, D. J., & Chin, T. A. (2018). Does The Belt and Road Initiative in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia Create Win-win Partnership with China? Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 1(2), 98-105.

Thorsten, M. (2005). Silk Road Nostalgia and Imagined Global Community. Comparative American Studies An International Journal, 3(3), 301-317.

Tiezzi, S. (2015). It's Official: China, Not Japan, Is Building Indonesia's First High-Speed Railway. Dipetik May 10, 2018, dari

Tirto. (2016). Perusahaan Cina Akan Bangun Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus Bitung. Dipetik May 9, 2018, dari

Tjen-San, C. (2017). Malaysia Infrastructure: Chinese Contractors – Friend or Foe? Singapore: DBS .

To, L. L. (2001). China’s Relations with ASEAN: Partners in the 21st Century? Pacifica Review, 13(61-71), 61-71.

Tongzon, J. L., & Lee, S.-Y. (2015). The Challangers of Economic Integration: The Case of Shipping in ASEAN Countries. The Pacific Review, 28(4), 483-504.

Tsang, A. (2017, May 16). Prospects for the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park. Dipetik May 8, 2018, dari

Venzon, C. (2018). Duterte has three words on infrastructure: 'Build, Build, Build'. Dipetik May 3, 2018, dari

Villanueva, R. (2018). Duterte: China vital for ‘Build Build Build’. Dipetik May 4, 2018, dari

Vineles, P. (2017, January 11). ASEAN Connectivity: Challenge for an Integrated ASEAN Community. Dipetik April 29, 2018, dari

Wang, H., & Lu, M. (2016). China Goes Global The Impact of Chinese Overseas Investment on its Business Enterprises. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wangke, H. (2015). Penguatan Pengaruh Tiongkok Di Kawasan Asia Pasifik Melalui Pembentukan AIIB. Info Singkat, 7(7), 5-8.

WBG. (2016). Enhancing ASEAN Connectivity Monitoring and Evaluation. Washington DC: World Bank Group.

Wigell, M. (2016). Conceptualizing Regional Power’s Geoeconomic Strategies: Neo-imperialism, Neo-mercantilism, Hegemony, and Liberal Institutionalism. Asia Europe Journal volume, 14(2), 135-151.

Yuen, K. T. (2016). China’s 21st Century Maritime Silk Road: Malaysian Perspectives. Dalam T. W. Lim, H. Chan, & W. X. Lim (Penyunt.), China's One Belt One Road Initiative (hal. 289-306). London: Imperial College Press.

Zainal, M., & Rosli, F. (2013). Infrastructure Development In ASEAN. Dalam S. B. Das (Penyunt.), ASEAN Economic Community Scorecard (hal. 136-162). Singapore: ISEAS.

Zhun, L. (2015). Aquino’s China Bashing Will Impact Long-Term Interests. Dipetik May 3, 2018, dari

Zoellner, T. (2016). China's High-Speed Rail Diplomacy. Dipetik May 10, 2018, dari

How to Cite
Abstract viewed = 205 times