Penyelesaian Hadis-Hadis Kontradiktif antara Anjuran dan Larangan Menunda Salat Zuhur Ketika Cuaca Panas



This article will discuss two seemingly contradictory hadiths. The first hadith is about the advice to postpone prayer when the weather is still hot. The hadith explains that the postponement of the zuhur prayer until it is cold, so the prayer is not disturbed due to the hot air. And the second hadith explains there was one of the Sahabat of the Prophet who complained that it was too hot when he was about to pray and did not get his attention. Both hadiths are of the same quality as hadith s{ah{i>h and there are also many hadiths have same meaning as a proponent. The method used in this study is a qualitative method with the type of library research, collecting various literatures, both Indonesian and Arabic literature. The purpose of this research is to resolve the two conflicting traditions by using one of the Mukhtalif al-H{adi>th methods, namely al-Jam’u wa al-Tawfiq. As for the results of compromising the two, in the hadith narrated by Khabba>b, Prophet Muhammad does not mean not paying attention to his complaints. However, there are other hadith narrations that explain that it was the habit of the Prophet to give his clothes as a forehead mat when prostrating so that the ma’mum would not feel hot. Then from the Shafi'i and Maliki madzhab, they think that all prayers must be performed at the beginning of time except for the zuhur prayer when the heat is very hot. And according to the Hanafi and Hanbali madzhab, all obligatory prayers must be performed at the beginning of time without exception.

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