Pemikiran Islam Tentang Jiwa Dalam Filsafat Islam

Kamaruddin Kamaruddin

Abstract


The soul, it is so called maujud can be comprehended as the thing of physical matter which is related to human. It is invisible and unhiding. In other aspects, the soul can have specific meanings as non-material. It flows in human body as substiansial which is unrelated to others. The word of al-nafs is mentioned in Al-Qur’an which is amount about 250 times much more than the word of al-ruh. The word of al-nafs is sometimes defined as ruh and it is not on the contrary. It means that the element of soul (al-nafs) is emanated from ruh. Ruh is the core and soul is the part of ruh. The soul is immortal and will feel torture and suffering. The immortal soul which is defined by Moslem philosophy can be confronted with the truth of Al-Qur’an which is talking about the human resurrection in some ways. First, it is suggested that the philosophy of human soul is the highest level, the soul is the core of immortal soul and human body will get destruction.


Keywords


Philosophy; Soul; Al-Nafs; Ruh

References


‘Abd al-Baqi, Muhammad Fu’ad. Al-Mu‘jam al-Mufahras li Alfaz al-Qur’an al-Karim. Kairo: Dar al-Hadis, 2001.

Abu al-Dahab, Asyraf Taha. Al-Mu‘jam al-Islami. Kairo: Dar al-Syuruq, 2002.

Abu Rayyah, Muhammad ‘Ali. Al-Falsafat al-Islamiyyah, Syakhsiyyatuh wa Mazahibuh. Alexandria: Maktabat al-Iskandariyah, t.th.

Al-Ahwani, Fu’ad. Al-Falsafah al-Islamiyah. Kairo: Dar al-Qalam, 1962.

Boer, T. J. De. The History of Philoshophy in Islam. New York: Dover Publication Inc., 1967.

Daudy, Ahmad. Allah dan Manusia dalam Konsepsi Syekh Nuruddin ar-Raniry. Jakarta: Rajawali, 1983.

Departemen Agama RI. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya. Semarang: Karya Toha Putra, 1995.

Al-Farabi. Ara’ Ahl al-Madinat al-Fadilah. Kairo: Maktabah Mataibi‘ah Muhammad ‘Ali, t.th.

Garbal, Muhammad Syafiq. Al-Mausu‘ah al-‘Arabiyah al-Muyassarah. Kairo: Dar al-Qalam & Franklin Foundation, 1965.

.

Ibn Manzur, Lisan al-Lisan; Tahzib Lisan al-‘Arab. Beirut: Da>r al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1993.

Ibn Zakariya’, Abu al-Husain Ahmad ibn Faris. Mu‘jam Maqayis al-Lughah. tt: Dar al-Fikr, t.t.

Al-‘Iraqi, Muhammad ‘Atif. al-Falsafat al-Islamiyah. Kairo: Dar al-Ma‘arif, 1978.

Al-Jauziyah, Ibn al-Qayyim. Al-Ruh. Singapura/Jeddah/Indonesia: al-Haramain, t.th.

Madkur, Ibrahim. Fi al-Falsafat al-Islamiyah, Manhaj wa Tatbi>q. Kairo: Dar al-Ma‘arif, 1968.

Majma‘ al-Lugah al-‘Arabiyah. Al-Mu‘jam al-Falsafi. Kairo: Al-Hai’at al-‘Ammah, li al-Syu’un al-Matabi‘ al-Amiriyah, 1983.

Musa, Muhammad Yusuf. Falsafat al-Akhlaq fi al-Islam. Kairo: Dar al-Ma‘arif, 1945.

Al-Musawi, Musa. Min al-Kindi ila Ibn Rusyd. Beirut: Maktabah al-Fikr al-Jami‘i, 1977.

Al-Najjar, Amir al-‘Ilm al-Nafsi al-Sufiyyah. Diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia oleh Hasan Abrori dengan Judul Ilmu Jiwa dalam Tasawuf. Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam, 2001.

Nasution, Harun. Falsafat dan Mistisisme dalam Islam. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1992.

Al-Qur’an al-Karim.

Al-Qusyairi, Al-Imam. Al-Risalah al-Qusyairiyah. Kairo: Maktabah al-Sabih, t.th.

Syarif, M. M. ed. History of Muslim Philosophy. Wisbaden: Otto Horossowitz, 1963.

Syarif, M. M. History of Muslim Philosophy. Diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia oleh Ilyas Hasan (penyunting) dengan judul Para Filosof Muslim. Bandung: Mizan, 1994.

Tim Reality. Kamus Terbaru Bahasa Indonesia. Surabaya: Reality Publisher, 2008.

Al-Yaziji, Kamal. Al-Nusus al-Falsafiyyah al-Muyassarah. Beirut: Dar al-‘Ilm li al-Malayin, 1963.

Al-Zain, Samih ‘Atif. Ilm al-Nafs; Ma’rifah al-Nafs al-Insaniyah fi al-Kitab wa al-Sunnah. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Lubnani, 1991.

Zar, Sirajuddin. Filsafat Islam; Filosof dan Filsafatnya. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2004.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


See Google Scholar Profile for Al-Hikmah by clicking here