ISLAM DI MYANMAR

Nasruddin nasruddin

Sari


Masyarakat Muslim Di Myanmar pada dasarnya, merupakan Masyarakat yang telah berdiam diri lama di Myanmar khususnya Arakan, bahkan telah membangun sebuah kebudayaan dan peradaban disana, dan antara umat Muslim dan Budha tidak ada perpecahan yang menimbulkan kekerasan. Namun pada masa kolonialisme perpecahan etnis terjadi sebagai hasil dari politik adu domba yang kemudian memeras suatu daerah tertentu, sehingga kekerasan tidak dapat dibendung dan akibatnya hingga masa pasca kolonialisme. Hal itu pun mempengaruhi pada masalah sosial, politik, budaya, ekonomi dan pendidikan. Masalah politik masyarakat minoritas, Islam khususnya, tidak boleh ikut andil dalam masalah politik di Myanmar, sehingga suara mereka tidak pernah sampai di parlemen.

 


Kata Kunci


Islam; Miyanmar.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Aye Chan, Kanda University of International Studies, The Development of a Muslim Enclave in Arakan (Rakhine) State of Burma (Myanmar), SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, Autumn 2005, ISSN 1479-8484, The present paper was written for distribution and discussion at a seminar in Japan.

Aye Chan, Kanda University of International Studies, The Development of a Muslim Enclave in Arakan (Rakhine) State of Burma (Myanmar), SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, Autumn 2005, ISSN 1479-8484, https://www.soas.ac.uk/sbbr/editions/file64388.pdf (6 Januari 2016)

Aye Chan, Kanda University of International Studies, The Development of a Muslim Enclave in Arakan (Rakhine) State of Burma (Myanmar), SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, Autumn 2005, ISSN 1479-8484, https://www.soas.ac.uk/sbbr/editions/file64388.pdf (6 Januari 2016) h. 397

Aye Chan, Kanda University of International Studies, The Development of a Muslim Enclave in Arakan (Rakhine) State of Burma (Myanmar), SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, Autumn 2005, ISSN 1479-8484, https://www.soas.ac.uk/sbbr/editions/file64388.pdf (6 Januari 2016) h.402

Aye Chan, Kanda University of International Studies, The Development of a Muslim Enclave in Arakan (Rakhine) State of Burma (Myanmar), SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, Autumn 2005, ISSN 1479-8484, https://www.soas.ac.uk/sbbr/editions/file64388.pdf (6 Januari 2016) h. 403

Azizah, Pemberontakan Separatis Muslim Rohingya Pasca Kemerdekaan Burma 1948-1988, (Depok: Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia, 2006). h. 1-2

by Martin Smith, State of Fear: Censorship in Burma (Myanmar), An ARTICLE 19 Country Report December 1991, h. iii

Chris Lewa, Issues To Be Raised Concerning The Situation Of Rohingya Children In Myanmar (Burma), Submission To The Committee On The Rights Of The Child For The Examination Of The 2nd Periodic State Party Report MYANMAR November 2003

http: www.amnesty.org.nzfilesMyanmar-Political-History-v-7,

Amnesty International, Title: Myanmar political history in brief.https://tirto.id/rohingya-dan-sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-myanmar-b5AXid.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam-di-Myanmar(25 Desember 2016)

Martin Smith, State of Fear: Censorship in Burma (Myanmar), An ARTICLE 19 Country Report December 1991

Mohammed Mohiyuddin Mohammed Sulaiman, Dictatorship, disorder and decline in Myanmar, Islamic education in Myanmar: a case study.

Myanmar the rohingya minority: fundamental rights denied https://doc.es.amnesty.org/cgi- bin/ai/brscgi/ myanmar%20the%20rohingya %20minority:%20fundamental%20rights%20denied? cmd=verobj&mlkob= 25897364242 (7 Januari 2016)

Nyi Nyi Kyaw, A longer version of this article first appeared in the series of commentaries published online by RSIS in February 2008: www.rsis.edu.sg/ publications/ Perspective/ RSIS0122008.pdf (23 Desember 2016)

The Roots, Fruits And Dreams of All The Muslims in Myanmar” artikel di akses pada 15 Maret 2008 dari http://www.rohingya.jp/pdf /muslims.pdf hlm. 1-2


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