KONSEP MASYARAKAT DAN NEGARA TAUHIDI DALAM PEMIKIRAN POLITIK MURTADHA MUTHAHHARI

Sabara Sabara

Abstract


This paper was an attempt to examine the thoughts of Murtadha Mutahhari, especially in his political ideas regarding society and the state. Examining the political thoughts of Murtadha Muthhari in this paper is developed into 3 problem formulations namely; what is the conception of Tauhid's worldview according to Murtadha Mutahhari? what is the concept of Tauhidi society according to Murtadha Mutahhari? and how is Murtadha Muthahhari thought about the state? Murtadha Mutahhari was a figure of contemporary Iranian ulama-philosopher who took part as an ideologist and architect of the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Tauhid's worldview forms the basis of the whole thought and ideology of Murtadha Mutahhari revolutionary. Monotheistic worldview meant a single-pole universe, centered on the One and the universe essentially come from or belongs to Allah and will return to Him. Allah was the objective to which all existence moved together and He also determined the direction of the objective whole universe, including humans. Tauhidi society is the implementation of Tauhid's worldview in the sociological domain which means a social bond where the supreme ruler is God/Allah and his people are treated equally according to God's commands. The Tauhidi people regard egalitarianism and justice as principles. Mutahhari's political views were oriented towards a theo-democratic state system which emphasized that Allah is the supreme ruler. Humans with the principle of independence and the value of their endeavors have the right to take part in determining the direction of the state while remaining based on the principle of egalitarianism and justice and divine/ilahi laws.


Keywords


Murtadha Muthahhari, Islamic Political Thought, Tauhidi Society

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/jpp.v7i2.10724

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