Erie Sadewo, Ibnu Syabri


Isu komuter merupakan persoalan metropolitan yang terjadi secara lintas batas wilayah. Persoalan dalam komuter berkembang akibat terjadinya fragmentasi pembangunan yang menyebabkan ketidakseimabngan lokasi bekerja dan tempat tinggal. Dalam era desentralisasi di Indonesia, upaya untuk mengatasi persoalan komuter menjadi semakin sulit karena ketiadaan institusi yang mampu melakukan tata kelola komuter pada skala metropolitan. Pada tulisan ini disajikan perbandingan pendekatan reformasi metropolitan yang dapat dipergunakan untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan komuter di Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JMA). Hasilnya didapati bahwa rescaling institusi pemerintah pusat dengan pelibatan unsur pemerintah lokal didalamnya dinilai sebagai pendekatan yang paling tepat untuk mengatasi persoalan tersebut.

Kata Kunci

komuter; desentralisasi; tata kelola

Teks Lengkap:



Aguilera, A. (2005). Growth in commuting distances in French polycentric metropolitan areas: Paris, Lyon and Marseille. Urban Studies, 42(9), 1537–1547.

Brenner, N. (1999). Globalisation as Reterritorialisation: The Re-scaling of Urban Governance in the European Union. Urban Studies, 36 (3), 431-451.

Brenner, N. (2003). Metropolitan institutional reform and the rescaling of state space in contemporary Western Europe. European Urban and Regional Studies, 10(4), 297–324.

Borck, R., Pflüger, M., & Wrede, M.(2010). A simple theory of industry location and residence choice. J Econ Geogr, 10 (6), 913-940.

Buliung, R.N. & Kanaroglou, P.S. (2002) Commute minimization in the Greater Toronto Area: Applying a modified excess commute. Journal of Transport Geography, 10. 177-186

Camagni, R., Gibelli, M. C., & Rigamonti, P. (2002). Urban mobility and urban form: the social and environmental costs of different patterns of urban expansion. Ecological Economics, 40(2), 199–216.

Ding, C., Mishra, S., Lu, G., Yang, J., & Liu, C. (2017). Influences of built environment characteristics and individual factors on commuting distance: A multilevel mixture hazard modeling approach. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 51, 314–325.

Engelfriet, L., & Koomen, E. (2017). The impact of urban form on commuting in large Chinese cities. Transportation, 1–27.

Firman, T. (2004). Major issues in Indonesia’s urban land development. Land Use Policy, 21(4), 347–355.

Firman, T. (2009). Decentralization Reform and Local‐Government Proliferation in Indonesia: Towards a Fragmentation Of Regional Development. Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, 21 (23). 143-157.

Firman, T. (2014). Inter-local-government partnership for urban management in decentralizing Indonesia: from below or above? Kartamantul (Greater Yogyakarta) and Jabodetabek (Greater Jakarta) compared, Space and Polity, 18(3). 215-232.

Firman, T., & Fahmi, F. Z. (2017). The Privatization of Metropolitan Jakarta’s (Jabodetabek) Urban Fringes: The Early Stages of “Post-Suburbanization” in Indonesia. Journal of the American Planning Association, 83(1), 68–79.

Giuliano, G., & Small, K. A. (1993). Is the journey to work explained by urban structure? Urban Studies, 30(9), 1485–1500.

HABITAT III: New Urban Agenda. (2016). The United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development.

Harmadi, S.H.B., Yudhistira, M.H., & Koesrindartono, D.P. (2015). How does congestion matter for jakarta’s citizens?. Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business, 30(3). 220-239

Heinelt, H., & Kübler, D. (2005). Metropolitan Governance : Capacity, democracy and the dynamics of place, London: Routledge

Henderson, J. V., Kuncoro, A., & Nasution, D. (1996). The Dynamics of Jabotabek Development. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 32(1), 71–95.

Hill, R. C. (1974) "Separate and unequal: governmental inequality in the metropolis." Amer. Pol. Sci. Rev, 68(4). 1557-1568

Horner, M. W. (2004). Spatial Dimensions of Urban Commuting: A Review of Major Issues and Their Implications for Future Geographic Research∗. The Professional Geographer, 56(2), 160–173.

Hudalah, D. (2017). Governing industrial estates on Jakarta’s periurban area: From shadow government to network governance: Governing industrial estates. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 38(1), 58–74.

Hudalah, D., Viantari, D., Firman, T., & Woltjer, J. (2013). Industrial Land Development and Manufacturing Deconcentration in Greater Jakarta. Urban Geography, 34(7), 950–971.

Innes, J.E. & Booher, D.E. (2010). Beyond Collaboration Democratic Governance for a Resilient Society. in: Planning with Complexity, An Introduction to collaborative rationalityor public policy, Routledge: Oxon.

Lefèvre, C. (1998), Metropolitan government and governance in western countries: a critical review. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 22. 9–25.

Lowery, D. (1998). Consumer Sovereignty and Quasimarket Failure. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 8(2). 137-172.

Mardianta, A.V., (2017). Peran pemerintah daerah dalam rescaling pengelolaan kawasan metropolitan studi kasus: Penyelenggaraan BRT di kawasan Mebidang, (PhD Thesis), Instititute of Technology Bandung

Mardianta, A.V., Kombaitan, B., Purboyo, H., & Hudalah, D. (2016). Pengelolaan Kawasan Metropolitan di Indonesia dalam Perspektif Peraturan Perundangan. in: Prosiding Temu Ilmiah IPLBI 2016, Malang, . c051-c056.

Okitasari, M., & Kidokoro, T. (2012). Policy and Institutional Reform of Indonesian Planning System: Nexus to Metropolitan and Local Planning Effectiveness. Paper presented in AESOP 26th Annual Congress. Ankara. 11-15 Jul

Ostrom, E., (1972). Metropolitan Reform: Propositions Derived from Two Traditions, Social Science Quarterly 53(4). 474-493.

Pereshtu, A. (2002). Jakarta's "exurbia" kampongs. Research Reports. Urban Perspective, 1, 49-58

Rusk, D. (1995). Cities Without Suburbs (2nd Ed.). Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center.

Salet, W., Thornley, A. & Kreukels, A. (2003). Metropolitan Governance and Spatial Planning : Comprehensive Case Studies of European City-Regions, Spons Press.

Schwanen, T. (2002). Urban Form And Commuting Behaviour: A Cross-European Perspective. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, 93(3), 336–343.

Sellers, J., & Hoffmann-Martinot, V. (2008). Metropolitan Governance. in: United Cities and Local Governments, World Report on Decentralization and Local Democracy. 255-279.

Schwanen, T., Dieleman, F. M., & Dijst, M. (2004). The impact of metropolitan structure on commute behavior in the Netherlands: a multilevel approach. Growth and Change, 35(3), 304–333.

Tarko, V. (2015). Polycentric Governance: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. (Phd Thesis). George Mason University

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, & Population Division. (2014). World urbanization prospects: the 2014 revision : highlights.

van der Heiden,N., Koch, P., & Kübler, D. (2013). Rescaling metropolitan governance: examining discourses and conflicts in two Swiss metropolitan areas, Urban Research & Practice, 6(1), 40-53,

Winarso, H., Hudalah, D., & Firman, T. (2015). Peri-urban transformation in the Jakarta metropolitan area. Habitat International, 49, 221–229

Wheeler, S.M. (2002). The New Regionalism: Key Characteristics of an Emerging Movement. Journal of the American Planning Association, 68(3). 267-278.

World Bank Group. (2016). Indonesia’s Urban Story; The role of cities in sustainable economic development (p. 28).

Zhao, P., Lü, B., & Roo, G. de. (2011). Impact of the jobs-housing balance on urban commuting in Beijing in the transformation era. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(1), 59–69.



  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Plano Madani : Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota is indexed by

Plano Madani : Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota

ISSN Print:  2301-878X ISSN Online: 2541-2973

Urban and Regional Planning Department, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Alauddin Makassar

Jl. H. M. Yasin Limpo No 36 Samata, Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan