Public Knowledge of Diabetes and Hypertension in Metropolitan Cities, Indonesia

  • I Gede Mahatma Yuda Bakti Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
    (ID)
  • Sumardjo Sumardjo Bagian Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor
    (ID)
  • Anna Fatchiya Bagian Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor
    (ID)
  • Agus Fanar Syukri Bagian Penelitian Kebijakan dan Manajemen Iptek dan Inovasi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta
    (ID)

Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as diabetes and hypertension, contributed significantly to the mortality rate in Indonesia. Citizens’ unhealthy behaviors have led to an increased risk of diabetes and hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the level of public knowledge regarding diabetes and hypertension. Data were collected through a survey using questionnaires. There were 307 respondents from Medan (n=190) and Jakarta (n=118). The sample was dominated by the female (68,5%) and high school graduates (76.3%). The data revealed that 2.3 percent of the respondents suffered or are currently suffering from diabetes and 3.6 percent of the respondents suffered or are currently suffering from hypertension. The results showed that the level of public knowledge regarding diabetes (65.91%) and hypertension (58.15%) was not ideal in general. Many citizens still did not understand various aspects of diabetes and hypertension, such as the causes, consequences, treatments, and characteristics of their sufferer. This study also found that there are group differences in the level of public knowledge based on gender and geographical location.

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Author Biographies

I Gede Mahatma Yuda Bakti, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
Peneliti di Pusat Penelitian Kebijakan dan Manajemen Iptek dan Inovasi, LIPI, dan sedang menempuh studi S3 di Departemen SKPM, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University
Sumardjo Sumardjo, Bagian Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor
Profesor di Departemen SKPM, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University dan menjadi pembimbing ke-1 dari Disertasi yang sedang dikerjakan oleh penulis pertama (I Gede M. Y. Bakti)
Anna Fatchiya, Bagian Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor
Dosen di Departemen SKPM, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University dan menjadi pembimbing ke-2 dari Disertasi yang sedang dikerjakan oleh penulis pertama (I Gede M. Y. Bakti)
Agus Fanar Syukri, Bagian Penelitian Kebijakan dan Manajemen Iptek dan Inovasi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta
Peneliti di Pusat Penelitian Kebijakan dan Manajemen Iptek dan Inovasi, LIPI dan menjadi pembimbing ke-3 dari Disertasi yang sedang dikerjakan oleh penulis pertama (I Gede M. Y. Bakti)

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Bakti, I. G. M. Y., Sumardjo, S., Fatchiya, A., & Syukri, A. F. (2021). Public Knowledge of Diabetes and Hypertension in Metropolitan Cities, Indonesia. Al-Sihah: The Public Health Science Journal, 13(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.24252/al-sihah.v13i1.19409
Section
Volume 13, Nomor 1, January-June 2021
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