Kerukunan Dalam Beragama: Koeksistensi Antar Agama Dalam Upacara Rambu Solo Tana Toraja

  • Syamsul Alam UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Keywords: Kerukunan Antaragama, Koesksistensi, Rambu Solo


Harmony between religions is an important foundation in building a harmonious and inclusive society. One concrete example of this harmony can be found in the practice of the Rambu Solo ceremony in Indonesia. The Rambu Solo ceremony is a death ritual performed by the Toraja people in South Sulawesi. Although this ceremony originates from the tradition of the Toraja people who adhere to animism, its practice accommodates the diversity of religions in Indonesia. This paper aims to see how the practice of coexistence between religions is manifested in the Rambu Solo ceremony in Tana Toraja. This research is a qualitative research using primary data. As for the data obtained, namely by directly witnessing the implementation of the Rambu Solo ceremony and conducting interviews, namely a question-and-answer process carried out in a structured manner to obtain data related to what will be studied. The results of the research show that, in the Rambu Solo ceremony, there is a strong coexistence between animism, Protestant Christianity, and Islam. The Toraja family, who follow an animist religion, believe that the spirits of the dead must be guided to a better life after death. They involve traditional leaders in this ceremony. However, with the influence of Protestant Christianity and Islam in the region, elements from these two religions were also incorporated into the Rambu Solo ceremony. Interfaith coexistence in the Rambu Solo ceremony is reflected in the active participation of the local community. Not only are members of the Toraja tribe who are animists involved, but also members of other tribes who follow Christianity or Islam. Local people work together to prepare this ceremony, respecting each other's religious differences. Harmony in religion in the context of the Rambu Solo ceremony has a positive impact on society. This practice strengthens social bonds, strengthens interreligious relations, and creates mutual respect and tolerance. It is also an inspiring example for countries with high religious diversity to promote harmony and coexistence in everyday life.



Alam. Syamsul dan Dian Nur Anna. Interaksi Sosial Kelompok Masyarakat Islam & Kristen di Kelurahan Bombongan, Kecamatan Makale, Kabupaten Tana Toraja, SOSIORELIGIUS, No. VI, Vol. 2, Desember 2021.

Anjum Rafique Muhammad. Concept of Peace in World’s Major Religions: An Analysis, Dalam International Journal Of Scientific And Research Publications, Volume 7, Issue 4, April 2017.

Baturante, Nurdin. Toraja Tongkonan dan Kerukunan. Makassar. Pustaka al-Zikra, 2019.

Dopen M. Frans. A Social History of an Indonesia People, Jakarta: INDOCULT, 2002.

Musyarif, Hasnani, Dkk. Kerukunan Umat Beragama di Kabupaten Tana Toraja (Analisis Hubungan Umat Islam dan Kristen), IAIN Pare-pare Nusantara Press, 2019.

P. Liamputtong. Research Methods in Health: Foundations for Evidence-based Practice. Oxford University Press. 2013

P. M. Grepin, Rambu Solo: Understanding the Funeral Rituals of the Toraja People. Journal of Cultural Anthropology, 42(2). 2019.

Paisal. Torayaan Menjalin Dan Merayakan Kerukunan (Praktik Kerukunan Umat Beragama Di Tondok Lepongan Bulan Tana Toraja), Al-Qalam, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2019.

Panggarra Robi Pdt. Upacara Rambu Solo di Tana Toraja: Memahami Bentuk Kerukunan di Tengah Situasi Konflik, Cet. 1, 2015.

Sarira, YA. Rambu Solo dan Persepsi Orang Kristen tentang Rambu Solo: Tana Toraja, Pusbang Gereja Toraja, 1996

Tyler Aaron. Islam, The West, and Tolerance, Conceiving Coexistence (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).
Lihat, "coexistence", diakses pada tanggal 9 Maret 2023,
"Upacara Toraja." Wikipedia”. Diakses pada tanggal 9 Maret 2023, dari
"Rambu Solo: Upacara Pemakaman Adat Toraja." Indonesia Kaya. Diakses pada 24 Mei 2023, dari
Abstract viewed = 92 times