Publication Ethic


Reporting Standards: The author must present an accurate report of the research carried out as well as important points from the results of an objective discussion. Researchers must present the results of their research honestly and without imitating, falsifying or manipulating data that is not appropriate. A scientific paper must contain detailed enough information and bibliography to provide space for other researchers to continue their research. Reporting fraudulently or intentionally inaccurately constitutes unethical and unacceptable behavior. Manuscripts must follow the provisions of the journal submission guidelines.

Authenticity and Plagiarism: The author must ensure that all his writings are completely original. Authors may not submit a manuscript to more than one journal publication at the same time unless it has been approved by the editors. Previous papers and publications of the same kind, whether done by other researchers or the authors themselves, can be acknowledged and used as references. If any major literature is used, it should be written in quotation marks. If there are statements that are taken directly from the publications of other researchers, they should be marked with a quote.

Excessive publications at the same time: in general, authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal published at the same time. This is intended to avoid unethical and unacceptable behavior. Various publications born from personal research must be properly identified and the publication results can be used as a reference.

Recognition of sources used: Authors must acknowledge all sources of data used in the study and the results of citations to publications that have influenced the determination of the nature of the study. We should always give proper acknowledgment to the results of other people's research.

Ownership: Ownership of published research must be able to show the contribution of each individual in scientific papers and reports accurately. This ownership is limited only to researchers who make significant contributions, especially to the concept, design, interpretation of the submitted study. Other researchers who have contributed equally should be listed as the second, third, and so on. If the largest contributor is listed as the first author, the other contributors are listed in the acknowledgment subsection. Authors must ensure that all contributors have seen and approved their work to be published and their involvement as second, third, and so on.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: All authors must disclose their manuscripts, whether related to finance or conflicts of interest, which may have limited effect on the interpretation of the manuscript. All sources of finance/funds that support all projects must be disclosed. Fundamental Errors in Published Journals: If the author finds fundamental errors or inaccuracies in the submitted manuscript, the author should heed the suggestions and input of the journal editor or publisher and work closely with the editor to improve his/her written work.

Hazards, Humans, and Animation: Authors must be able to clearly identify the hazards contained in the manuscript, such as chemicals, procedures, and equipment used.


Publishing Decision: Based on the results of the review of the editorial board's report, the editors can accept, reject, or request changes to the manuscript of scientific papers. The validation of the work and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive such decisions. Editors may be guided by the discretion of the journal's editorial board and limited by legal provisions such as entry into force regarding defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors may consult with other editors or reviewers in making this decision. Editors must be responsible for everything they publish and must have procedures and policies in place to ensure the quality of the material they publish and maintain the integrity of the writing they publish.

Manuscript Review: Editors must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for authenticity. Editors must organize and use peer reviews that have adequate and prudent capacity. In addition, he should also explain his peer review process in conveying information to authors and also indicate which sections of the journal were reviewed. Editors must also use the right peer reviewers for papers that are worthy of publication by selecting people who have sufficient competence and avoid conflicts of interest.

Principle of Fairness: Editors must ensure that each manuscript received by the editorial board of the journal is reviewed the issue of intellectual content regardless of the gender, race, religion, nationality, etc. of the author. An important part of his responsibilities is making fair decisions and enforcing the principles of editorial independence and integrity. Editors are in a strong position to make publishing decisions, which makes it very important that this process is as fair and objective as possible.

Confidentiality: Editors must ensure that information about manuscripts submitted by authors is kept confidential. Editors must critically assess any potential breaches of the author's data protection and confidentiality, including using appropriate information related to the latest research presented, and research that is applicable and worthy of publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Journal Editors will not use unpublished material for disclosure in manuscripts submitted for their own research without the written consent of the author. Editors should not be involved in decisions about which papers have conflicts of interest


Confidentiality: Information about the manuscript submitted by the author must be kept confidential and treated as confidential information. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as permitted by the editor.

Recognized Sources: Reviewers must ensure that the authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in their writing. He or she should also identify related scientific papers published and not cited by the author. Some statements that observations, derivations, or opinions that have been reported previously should be accompanied by relevant quotations. Reviewers must notify the journal's editorial board as soon as possible if they make deviations, such as aspects of work ethics, become aware of substantial similarities between the manuscripts they are reviewing and manuscripts submitted to other journals or published articles, or suspect that this could occur either during research or writing and submission of manuscripts; Reviewers, however, must maintain the confidentiality of the authors and do not investigate further unless the journal's editorial board requests further information or advice.

Standard of Objectivity: Reviews of submitted manuscripts must be conducted objectively and reviewers must express their views with clear and supportive arguments. He or she should also follow the journal's directions for any specific feedback the author requires, unless there is a reasonable reason not to do so. Reviewers should be constructive in their reviews and provide feedback that will help the author to improve the quality of the author's manuscript, provide suggestions and input that can support the statements written in the manuscript with the consideration that it can improve the quality of the author's writing.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers. In the case of double-blind review, if they suspect the identity of the author(s) notify the journal if this knowledge raises any potential conflict of interest.

Confidential information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider which manuscripts have a conflict of interest that would give rise to a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship or connection with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the article. If there are two confusing views, the reviewer can suspect the identity of the author by notifying the editorial board that this article has the potential to cause a conflict of interest.

Accuracy: Reviewers must provide responses within the agreed time frame. He only agrees to review/review the manuscript if they are reasonably sure they can submit the results of their review within a mutually agreed time, informing the journal as soon as possible if they need additional time. If he finds it impossible to complete his manuscript review within the allotted time, then this information should be communicated to the editor, so that the manuscript can be sent to other reviewers.