Plagiarism Check

The editorial team proactively participates in endeavors to deter both academic and occupational plagiarism before the peer-review process. Utilizing Turnitin, the journal assesses submitted manuscripts for replication and proper attribution. Manuscripts found to exhibit suspected plagiarism will be declined.

If plagiarism is identified after publication, we will adhere to the procedures detailed in our Publishing Malpractice Policy.

We anticipate that our audience, reviewers, and editors will notify and discuss any concerns regarding plagiarism by contacting