• Imron Rosyadi Universitas Andalas
  • Shinta Dewi Kasih Bratha STIKes Tengku Maharatu Pekanbaru



Background: COPD can decrease patients' activity because of dyspnea

Objectives: To critically evaluate the effect of RMT as a treatment of COPD.

Method: Five databases were found from 2008, a randomized clinical trials (RCTs) research will be a reference if they evaluated RMT against any type of control in patients with any form of respiratory muscle weakness.

Result: Five trials met the inclusion criteria. One journal has the good of sampling technic by using the COPD patient from 3 hospitals. Only four journals show the significant effect of RMT to decrease dyspnea of COPD. The impact of RMT is going to increase the lung capacity, lung function, activity, respiratory muscle straightness, and minimize the effort of breathing. Only one journal does this intervention for 12 weeks.

Conclusion: The evidence for the effect of RMT to decrease the dyspnea scale has a significant impact. For future studies, it will be better to use RMT longer to get a more considerable impact.




Download data is not yet available.


Chalmers, J. D. (2017). Management of chronic airway diseases: What can we learn from real-life data? COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 14(sup1), S1–S2.

de Medeiros, A. I. C., Fuzari, H. K. B., Rattesa, C., Brandão, D. C., & de Melo Marinho, P. É. (2017). Inspiratory muscle training improves respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity, and quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review. Journal of Physiotherapy, 63(2), 76–83.

Dellweg, D., Reissig, K., Hoehn, E., Siemon, K., & Haidl, P. (2017). Inspiratory muscle training during rehabilitation in successfully weaned hypercapnic patients with COPD. Respiratory Medicine, 123, 116–123.

Elbouhy, M. S., AbdelHalim, H. A., & Hashem, A. M. A. (2014). Effect of respiratory muscle training in weaning of mechanically ventilated COPD patients. Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis, 63(3), 679–687.

Elmorsi, A. S., Eldesoky, M. E., Mohsen, M. A. A., Shalaby, N. M., & Abdalla, D. A. (2016). Effect of inspiratory muscle training on exercise performance and quality of life in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis, 65(1), 41–46.

Izumizaki, M., Satake, M., Takahashi, H., Sugawara, K., Shioya, T., & Homma, I. (2008). Effects of inspiratory muscle thixotropy on the 6-min walk distance in COPD. Respiratory Medicine, 102(7), 970–977.

Mahler, D. A., Fierro-Carrion, G., & Baird, J. C. (2003). Evaluation of dyspnea in the elderly. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 19(1), 19–33.

McConnell, A. (2013). Respiratory Muscle Training. Respiratory Muscle Training, (1), 97–131.

Mesquita, R., Meijer, K., Pitta, F., Azcuna, H., Goërtz, Y. M. J., Essers, J. M. N., … Spruit, M. A. (2017). Changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior following pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COPD. Respiratory Medicine, 126, 122–129.

Nikoleta, D., Man, W. D.-C., Mustafa, N., Moore, J., Rafferty, G., Grant, R. L., … Moxham, J. (2016). Evaluation of the effectiveness of a home-based inspiratory muscle training program in patients with the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease using multiple inspiratory muscle tests. Disability and Rehabilitation, 38(3), 250–259.

Riskesdas. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar Indonesia Tahun 2013.

Soriano, J. B. (2017). An Epidemiological Overview of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: What Can Real-Life Data Tell Us about Disease Management? COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 14(S1), S3–S7.

Tout, R., Tayara, L., & Halimi, M. (2013). The effects of respiratory muscle training on improvement of the internal and external thoracic-pulmonary respiratory mechanism in COPD patients. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 56(3), 193–211.

Wada, J. T., Borges-Santos, E., Porras, D. C., Paisani, D. M., Cukier, A., Lunardi, A. C., & Carvalho, C. R. F. (2016). Effects of aerobic training combined with respiratory muscle stretching on the functional exercise capacity and thoracoabdominal kinematics in patients with COPD: A randomized and controlled trial. International Journal of COPD, 11(1), 2691–2700.

Wan, E. S., Kantorowski, A., Homsy, D., Teylan, M., Kadri, R., Richardson, C. R., … Moy, M. L. (2017). Promoting physical activity in COPD: Insights from a randomized trial of a web-based intervention and pedometer use. Respiratory Medicine, 130, 102–110.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2016). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). New York. Retrieved from

Abstract viewed = 233 times