Diplomasi Kebudayaan China dalam Hubungan Dagang dengan Uni Emirat Arab

  • Ellen Monica Audrey Suharyanto Slamet Riyadi University
  • Christy Damayanti Slamet Riyadi University
  • Untari Narulita Madyar Dewi Slamet Riyadi University
Keywords: Cultural Diplomacy, China, UAE, Trade Relations


Since the Tang Dynasty in 618-907, China has begun to use soft power diplomacy to influence Middle Eastern countries by spreading their products. Since then, China has begun to prioritize their soft power diplomacy to establish relations with other countries and based on the culture they hold quite closely. China and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have established bilateral cooperation since 1971, and the two countries' political, economic and commercial ties have developed since then. With different cultural backgrounds between the two countries, China uses culture as a tool to explore with the UAE in order to improve trade relations between the two countries. The author sought to explain how China uses culture as an entry point to penetrate trade cooperation with the UAE with the concept of cultural diplomacy and trade diplomacy. This form of research uses qualitative research methodologies as well as by using primary and secondary data sources. The purpose of this study was to find out China's strategy in using culture as an entry point in the field of trade using library research methodology. From the analysis, it can be concluded that China's cultural diplomacy towards the UAE with cultural strategies in improving trade relations between the two countries, marked by the signing of cooperation and other conferences.


Download data is not yet available.


Agencies, N. (2022). Gulf Ministers Visit China to Discuss Strengthening Energy Ties.

Al-Kinani, M. (2021). A New Era for the Chinese Language in Saudi Arabia.

Alfian, M. F. (2021). Transisi China terhadap Ekonomi Global: Internasionalisasi dalam Perspektif Pembangunan Model China dan Dinamika Regional. Review of International Relations, 2(2), 103–118. https://doi.org/10.24252/rir.v2i2.18006

Alghoul, R. dan, & Aamir, M. (2018). Sheikh Zayed Centre in Beijing: A Cultural Beacon. Emirates News Agency.

Aluwaisheg, D. A. A. (2014). China-GCC Strategic Dialogue Resumes.

Arndt, R. (2011). Cultural Diplomacy and International Understanding. 2011 Mestenhauser Lecture on Internationalizing Higher Education.

Bafadal, I. M. I. (2018). Ekonomi Atau Non-Ekonomi ? Motif Dibalik Pengembangan Industri Penerbangan Uni Emirat Arab.

Bakry, U. S. (2016). Metode Penelitian Hubungan Internasional (P. Pelajar (ed.); Cetakan I). Pustaka Pelajar.

Becard, D. S. R., & Filho, P. M. (2019). Chinese Cultural Diplomacy: Instruments in China’s Strategy for International Insertion in the 21st Century. Revista Brasileira de Politica Internacional, 62(1). https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7329201900105

Berridge, G. R. (2010). Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (4th ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230277359

Berridge, G. R. (2015). Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (5th ed). Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137445520

Business, A. (2018). UAE-China Week to be Held Every Year.

Calabrese, J. (2017). China’s Role in Post-Hegemonic Middle East.

Cao, Q. (2011). The Language of Soft Power: Mediating Socio-Political Meanings in the Chinese Media. Critical Arts, 25(1), 7–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/02560046.2011.552203

Chauhan, N. (2020). First Chinese School, Outside China, Opens in Dubai.

Chaziza, M. (2019). China’s Economic Diplomacy Approach in the Middle East Conflicts. China Report, 55(1), 24–39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0009445518818210

Cleric, P. (2022). The Gulf and China: A Broadening Partnership?

Cummings, M. C. (2009). Cultural Diplomacy and the United States Government: A Survey. Americans for the Arts (formerly Center for Arts and Culture).

Devonshire-Ellis, C. (2022). China Looking For Free Trade Agreement With Gulf Cooperation Council.

Dubai, S. K. (2015). Shao Lin Kung Fu Dubai.

Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Arab Republic of Egypt. (2014). Third Round of China-Gulf Cooperation Council Strategic Dialogue Held in Beijing.

Evelyn Lau. (2019). China Film Week Kicks Off Tonight in Dubai.

Fulton, J. (2019). China’s Changing Role in the Middle East. Atlantic Council, Rafik Hariri Center for Middle East.

George, J. (2015). Mohamed’s Visit to Bring Paradigm Shift in UAE-China Relations: Sultan Al Jaber.

Hakim, Y. (2018). Pekan Film China di Uni Emirat Arab: Penayangan Film China Terbaik Tentang Budaya di UEA.

Hongyi Lai, Y. L. (2012). China ’ s Soft Power and International Relations. Routledge.

Hua, C. (2015). Visit Marks the Beginning of a ‘New Era of UAE-China Relations.’

J.Moleong, L. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif (R. Karya (ed.)). PT.Rosda Karya.

Jaber, S. A. Al. (2016). Asia’s Middle Class is Reshaping World Trade.

Karasik, T. (2016). The GCC’s New Affair with China.

Khaleej. (2018). The UAE Will Celebrate UAE China Week Annually.

Khondker, H. H. (2021). Chapter 4 Confucius in the UAE : Chinese Soft Power in the GCC. Rethinking China, MENA and Asia Relations in a “Multiplex World” (Forthcoming), May, 1–30.

Kirk, M. (2015a). Chinese Soft Power and Dubai’s Confucius Institute.

Kirk, M. (2015b). Chinese Soft Power and Dubai’s Confucius Institute. Middle East Institute.

Kong, D. (2015). Imaging China : China’s Cultural Diplomacy Through Loan Exhibitions to British Museums. August.

Kostecki, M., & Naray, O. (2007). Commercial Diplomacy and International Business.

Kurlantzick, J. (2006). China’s Charm: Implications of Chinese Soft Power. Carnegie Endowment Policy Brief, 47(June), 1–7.

Lee, D., & Hocking, B. (2010). Economic Diplomacy (Robert A.). The INternational Studies Encyclopedia Vol. II.

Li, Q., Han, Y., Li, Z., Wei, D., & Zhang, F. (2021). The Influence of Cultural Exchange on International Trade: an Empirical Test of Confucius Institutes Based on China and the ‘Belt and Road’ Areas. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja, 34(1), 1033–1059. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2020.1819849

McGiffert, C. (2009). Chinese Soft Power and Its Implications for the United States: Competition and Cooperation in the Developing World : a Report of the CSIS Smart Power Initiative (Issue March 2009).

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the P. R. of C. (2004). The Joint Press Communiqué between the People’s Republic of China and The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC).

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of People’s Republic of China. (2011). The Second China-GCC Strategic Dialogue Held in Abu Dhabi.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, & . (2010). Press Communiqué of the First Ministerial Meeting of the Strategic Dialogue Between the People’s Republic of China and The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf.

Mohammed, H. Bin. (2017). The China-UAE Conference On Islamic Banking and Finance.

Mohammed, H. Bin. (2018). 2nd China-UAE Conference on Islamic Banking & Finance Explores International Cooperation in Support of ‘One Belt, One Road’ Initiative.

Molavi, A. (2015). The United Arab Emirates, China, and the New “Triple-South".

Rakhmat, M. Z. (2019). The Rise of Islamic Finance on China’s Belt and Road.

Rana, K. S., & Chatterjee, B. (2011). Introduction: The Role of Embassies. Economic Diplomacy: India’s Experience, 3–25.

Ryuichi Shiina. (2012). Islamic Finance and Japan.

Saner, R., & Yiu, L. (2003). International Economic Diplomacy: Mutations in Post-Modern Times. Discussion Papers in Diplomacy. Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’, The Hague., 84, 37.

Shaery, R. (2014). Arabs in Yiwu, Confucius in East Beirut. Middle East Research and Information Project.

Shan, W. (2020). Value Changes and Regime Stability in Contemporary China. https://doi.org/10.1142/11517

The National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, dan M., & China, of C. of the P. R. of. (2015). Vision and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

Tianyou, K. (2019). The Rise of Islamic Finance on China’s Belt and Road. September, 0–10.

WAM. (2019). 16 MoUs signed at UAE-China Economic Forum in Beijing.

Warsito, T., & K, W. (2007). Diplomasi Kebudayaan: Konsep dan Relevansi Bagi Negara Berkembang: Studi Kasus Indonesia. Ombak.

Xuming Qian. (2016). The Belt and Road Initiatives and China’s Middle East Energy Policy. International Relations and Diplomacy, 4(10), 611–616. https://doi.org/10.17265/2328-2134/2016.10.002

Yang Sheng, Z. C. (2022). Unprecedented GCC Group Visit may Greatly Enhance FTA Negotiation Progress: Analysts.

Yekti, S. N. (2018). Diplomasi Perdagangan Indonesia dalam Rantai Pertambahan Nilai Global Produk Tekstil ke Pasar Timur Tengah. Politea, 1(2), 167. https://doi.org/10.21043/politea.v1i2.4322

How to Cite
Suharyanto, E. M. A., Damayanti, C., & Untari Narulita Madyar Dewi. (2023). Diplomasi Kebudayaan China dalam Hubungan Dagang dengan Uni Emirat Arab . Review of International Relations , 5(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.24252/rir.v5i1.28132
Abstract viewed = 336 times