Dinamika Politik di Dunia Islam (Studi Tentang Perilaku Politik Muawiyah kaitannya dengan Pembentukan Dinasti dalam Islam)

Soraya Rasyid

Abstract


Muawiyyah became one of Islam rulers muchly determined by his capability and supporting moments. He was a smart politician who was able to manage military and political strategy. Beside that, the crucial moment at that time enabled him to take over the reign. Not only did he politically win the arbitrase (reconciliation between Muawiyah and Ali that was mediated by Amr bin Ash and Abu Musa al-As’ari), but also due to the death of Ali. The taking over of reign because of; 1) internal competition among Abdul Manaf descendents. Bani Umayah was a charismatic tribe in Mecca, but, due to Muhammad’s figure, Bani Hasyim had good position in Mecca taking place the position of Bani Umayyah; 2) the murder of Usman became political issue to decrease Ali’s charism. Through this moment, Muawiyah  built a dynasty by modifying the governance system from khilafah to monarch.


Keywords


Kekuasaan; Pengambilalihan; Pembentukan Dinasti

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, K., A Studi of Islamic Story, Jilid 1, (Delhi: Idarah-I Adabiyat-1, 1980.

Brockelman, Carl, History of Islamic Peopl, London: Routledge & Kegal paul Ltd, 1980.

G.S Hodgson, Marshall, the venture of Islam, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press , 1974, Vo. One.

Haikal, Muhammad Husen, Sejarah Hidup Muhammad, terjemahan Jakaarta: Tinta Mas, 1984.

Hitti, Philip K., History of The Arab, London: Mac Millan Press Ltd, 1974.

Kal-Nah, Ensiklopedi Islam, vol. 3, Jakarta: PT. Ikhtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 1993.

Al-Maududi, Abu A’la, Al-Khilafah wa Al-Mulk, terjemahan, Kuwait: Dar al-Kalam, 1978.

Nasution, Harun, Teologi Islam, Aliran-aliran Sejarah, Analisa Perbandingan, cet. VI Jakarta: UI Press, 1986.

Syalaby, A., Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Islam, terjemahan, Jakarta: Al-Hunsa Dzikra, 1995.

Tim Penulis IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Ensiklopedi Islam Indonesia, Jakarta: Djambatan, 1993.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Adabiyah is indexed by:

       MAS             

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under BY-NC-SA

__________________________________________________________
Jurnal Adabiyah
Fakultas Adab & Humaniora UIN Alauddin
ISSN Print : 1412-6141 ISSN Online : 2548-7744

Jl.H.M.Yasin Limpo No. 36 Samata, Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan
Phone: (0411)841879 Fax: (0411) 8221400
Email: jurnal.adabiyah@uin-alauddin.ac.id