Pemeliharaan Ikan Lontok (Ophiocara porocephala Valenciennes, 1837) Sebagai Upaya Konservasi Dengan Pemberian Pakan Udang Kecepe (Acetes sp.)

Khairul Khairul, Uswatul Hasan

Abstract


The spangled gudgeon (Ophiocara porocephala Valenciennes, 1837) is one of the fish that live in the waters of Belawan and has important economic value to the community. However, lately the wild population continues to decline due to factors that supposedly over fishing, waters pollution and habitat degradation. Cultivation effort is one of the solutions to keep the preserved and decrease arrests in nature. The study of associated cultivation efforts need to be made through research. The purpose of this research is to know the frequency of feeding the shrimp kecepe (Acetes sp.) the right against the growth of absolute spangled gudgeon fish. The benefits of research as the basis for the management and preservation of fish decreased as well as the increasingly Spangled Gudgeon fish efforts do local fish conservation in Belawan Rivers. Results of the study showed the average length of the highest absolute growth was at the treatment D (1.10 cm), followed the treatment C (0.90 cm), treatment B (0.80 cm), and the lowest at the treatment A (0.73 cm). Analysis of variance results indicate that the Fh (8 **) > 0.05 Ft (4.07) means the treatment of natural feeding shrimp kecepe very real influence (highly significant) against the growth of the absolute length of the juvenile spangled gudgeon.


Keywords


Acetes sp., conservation, feeding frequency, Ophiocara porocephala

References


Anggoro S, Rudiyanti S, dan Rahmawati IY. 2013. Domestikasi Ikan Kerapu Macan (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus) Melalui Optimalisasi Media dan Pakan. Journal of Management of Aquatic Resources. vol 2(3): 119–127.

Augusta TS. 2016. Upaya Domestikasi Ikan Tambakan (Helostoma temminckii) yang Tertangkap dari Sungai Sebangau. Jurnal Ilmu Hewani Tropika. vol 5(2): 82–87.

Bijaksana U. 2012. Dosmestikasi Ikan Gabus, Channa Striata Blkr, Upaya Optimalisasi Perairan Rawa Di Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal. vol 1(1): 92–101.

Bijaksana U, dan Balantek SR. 2012. Domestifikasi Ikan Betok Anabas testudineus Melalui Pemijahan di Wadah Budidaya. Fish Scientiae. vol 2(4): 188–196.

Budiharjo A. 2002. Seleksi dan Potensi Budidaya Jenis-jenis Ikan Wader dari Genus Rasbora. Biodiversitas. vol 3(2): 225–230.

Cook J, McNiven M, Richardson G, and Sutterlin A. 2000. Growth rate, body composition and feed digestibility/conversion of growth-enhanced transgenic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture. vol 188(1–2): 15–31.

Craig S, and Helfrich LA. 2017. Understanding Fish Nutrition, Feeds, and Feeding. Virginia Cooperative Extension. vol 420(256): 1–6. https://doi.org/https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/420/420-256/420-256.html.

Dinakaran GK, and Soundarapandian P. 2009. Biochemical status of edible palaemonid prawn Macrobrachium idella idella (Hilgendorf, 1898). Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology. vol 1(3): 78–82. https://doi.org/10.4172/2168-9296.1000111.

Dwyer KS, Brown JA, Parrish C, and Lall SP. 2002. Feeding frequency affects food consumption, feeding pattern and growth of juvenile yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea). Aquaculture. vol 1(4): 279–292. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00224-7.

Francoise M, and Sadasivam K. 2009. Protein sources in feed for farmed fish. Cahiers Agricultures. vol 18(2): 103–111.

Glencross BD, Booth M, and Allan GL. 2007. A feed is only as good as its ingredients - A review of ingredient evaluation strategies for aquaculture feeds. Aquaculture Nutrition. vol 13(1): 17–34. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2007.00450.x.

Handeland SO, Imsland AK, and Stefansson SO. 2008. The effect of temperature and fish size on growth, feed intake, food conversion efficiency and stomach evacuation rate of Atlantic salmon post-smolts. Aquaculture. vol 283(1–4): 36–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.06.042.

Hart PJB, and Reynolds JD. 2008. Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries. Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470693919.

Hutchings JA. 2011. Old wine in new bottles: Reaction norms in salmonid fishes. Heredity. vol 106: 421–437. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.2010.166.

Jaya B, Agustriani F, and Isnaini. 2013. Laju Pertumbuhan dan Tingkat Kelangsungan Hidup Benih Kakap Putih (Lates calcarifer, Bloch) dengan Pemberian Pakan yang Berbeda. Maspari Journal. vol 5(1): 56–63.

Kaushik SJ, and Seiliez I. 2010. Protein and amino acid nutrition and metabolism in fish: Current knowledge and future needs. Aquaculture Research. vol 41(3): 322–332. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02174.x.

Lakra WS, Mohindra V, and Lal KK. 2007. Fish genetics and conservation research in India: Status and perspectives. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. vol 33(4): 475–487. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-007-9168-z.

Larson H, Ravelomanana T, and Sparks JS. 2017. Ophiocara porocephala. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. vol 2017(3): 1. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T188101A58335116.en

Lorenzen K, Beveridge MCM, and Mangel M. 2012. Cultured fish: Integrative biology and management of domestication and interactions with wild fish. Biological Reviews. vol 87(3): 639–660. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2011.00215.x.

Monalisa SS, and Minggawati I. 2010. Kualitas Air yang Mempengaruhi Pertumbuhan Ikan Nila (Oreochromis sp.) di Kolam Beton dan Terpal. Journal of Tropical Fisheries. vol 5(2): 526-530.

Muchlisin Z . 2013. Study on potency of freshwater fishes in Aceh waters as a basis for aquaculture and conservation development programs. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. vol 13(1): 91–96.

Muchtar A, dan Nofrizal. 2011. Pemijahan dan Penjinakan Ikan Pantau (Rasbora latestriata). Jurnal Perikanan Dan Kelautan. vol 16(1): 71–78.

Muslim, dan Syaifudin M. 2012. Domestikasi Calon Induk Ikan Gabus (Channa striata) Dalam Lingkungan Budidaya (Kolam Beton). Majalah Ilmiah Sriwijaya. vol 23(1): 20–27.

Nugroho ED, Vlorensius, dan Salurapa A. 2017. Preferensi Pemijahan dan Habitat Ikan Nomei (Harpodon nehereus) di Perairan Juata Laut Tarakan Sebagai Upaya Konservasi. Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi. vol 5(1): 55–60. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.24252/bio.v4i2.3434.

Nugroho E, Sukadi MF, dan Huwoyon GH. 2012. Beberapa Jenis Ikan Lokal yang Potensial Untuk Budidaya: Domestikasi, Teknologi Pembenihan, dan Pengelolaan Kesehatan Lingkungan Budidaya. Media Akuakultur. vol 7(2): 52–57. https://doi.org/10.15578/ma.7.1.2012.52-57.

Pagala M, dan Nur I. 2010. Pengaruh kitosan asal cangkang udang terhadap kadar lemak dan kolesterol darah itik. Warta Wiptek. vol 18(1): 26–31.

Pramesti G. 2016. Statistika Lengkap secara Teori dan Aplikasi dengan SPSS 23. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.

Riche M, Oetker M, Haley DI, Smith T, and Garling DL. 2004. Effect of feeding frequency on consumption, growth, and efficiency in juvenile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh. vol 1(4): 657–673.

Sales J, and Janssens GPJ. 2003. Nutrient requirements of ornamental fish. Aquatic Living Resources. vol 16(6): 533–540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquliv.2003.06.001.

Syahputra A, Muchlisin ZA, dan Defira CN. 2016. Kebiasaan Makan Ikan Lontok (Ophiocara porocephala) di Perairan Sungai Iyu, Kecamatan Bendahara, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Provinsi Aceh. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Dan Perikanan Unsyiah. vol 1(2): 177–184.

Yanto H, dan Hasan H. 2014. Domestikasi Ikan Semah Terhadap Pakan Buatan dengan Jenis Sumber Protein yang Berbeda. Jurnal Ruaya. vol 3(1): 1–7.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/bio.v6i2.4442

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is Indexed by: 

                    

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi

pISSN 2302-1616
eISSN 2580-2909

Published by
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
Jl.H.M.Yasin Limpo No. 36 Samata, Gowa, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Email: biogenesis@uin-alauddin.ac.id
WA: +6285242001984

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Web Analytics 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.