About the Journal

Focus and Scope

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is a peer-reviewed and open-access journal that publishes original scientific work with the advancement of tropical bioscience in Asia. The integration between Islam and tropical bioscience explicitly represents the Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi as an academic publication for Islamic scientists, which could contribute to the advancement of tropical biology studies in the Islamic world.

The journal invites research articles, short communication, critical and comprehensive scientific reviews concerning tropical biosciences in Asia, specifically in the following subjects:

  • Islamic-integrated tropical bioscience
  • Tropical biodiversity and conservation
  • Biosystematics of tropical species
  • Biochemistry and physiology of tropical species
  • Ecological study and behavior of tropical species
  • Tropical genetics, biotechnology, and bioinformatics

Peer-Review Process

All submitted manuscripts are subject to strict peer-review process by at least two international reviewers that are experts in the area of the particular paper. Review process are double-blind peer-review. The factors that are taken into account in review are relevance, soundness, significance, originality, readability and language. The possible decisions include acceptance, acceptance with revisions, or rejection. If authors are encouraged to revise and resubmit a submission, there is no guarantee that the revised submission will be accepted. Rejected articles will not be re-reviewed. The manuscript acceptance is constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. No research can be included in more than one publication.
  1. Submission of Paper
    • The corresponding or submitting author submits the paper to the journal via OJS http://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/biogenesis/
    • Authors must certify that their manuscripts are their original work.
    • Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere.
    • Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.
    • Authors are not allowed to withdraw the manuscript after peer review process until they get a notification on manuscript status (rejected for publication).
    • Authors must participate in the peer review process.
    • Authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
    • All Authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research.
    • Authors must state that all data in the paper are real and authentic.
    • Authors must notify the Editors of any conflicts of interest.
    • Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript.
    • Authors must report any errors they discover in their published paper to the Editors.
  2. Editorial Office Assessment
    • The team checks the paper’s composition and arrangement against the Biogenesis’s Author Guidelines to make sure it includes the required sections and stylizations. The quality of the paper is not assessed at this point.
    • Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article.
    • Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication.
    • Editors should always consider the needs of the authors and the readers when attempting to improve the publication.
    • Editors should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record.
    • Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.
    • Editors should have a clear picture of a research’s funding sources.
    • Editors should base their decisions solely one the papers’ importance, originality, clarity and relevance to publication’s scope.
    • Editors should not reverse their decisions nor overturn the ones of previous editors without serious reason.
    • Editors should preserve the anonymity of reviewers.
    • Editors should ensure that all research material they publish conforms to internationally accept ethical guidelines.
    • Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain.
    • Editors should act if they suspect misconduct, whether a paper is published or unpublished, and make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.
    • Editors should not reject papers based on suspicions, they should have proof of misconduct.
    • Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, reviewers and board members.
  3. Appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief (EiC)
    • The EiC checks that the paper is appropriate for Biogenesis and is sufficiently original and interesting. If not, the paper may be rejected without being reviewed any further.
  4. EiC Assigns a Section Editor (SE)
    • Biogenesis has Section Editors Team who handle the peer review. SE would be assigned at this stage.
  5. Invitation to Reviewers
    • The handling editor sends invitations to individuals he or she believes would be appropriate reviewers. As responses are received, further invitations are issued, if necessary, until the required number of acceptances is obtained. All peer review publications will be referred in double-blind peer-review process by at least two reviewers with expertise in the relevant subject area.
  6. Response to Invitations
    • Potential reviewers consider the invitation against their own expertise, conflicts of interest and availability. They then accept or decline. If possible, when declining, they might also suggest alternative reviewers.
    • Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.
    • Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author.
    • Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
    • Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
    • Reviewers should also call to the Editor in Chief’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
    • Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
  7. Review is conducted
    • The reviewer sets time aside to read the paper several times. The first read is used to form an initial impression of the work. If major problems are found at this stage, the reviewer may feel comfortable rejecting the paper without further work. Otherwise they will read the paper several more times, taking notes so as to build a detailed point-by-point review. The review is then submitted to the journal, with a recommendation to accept, revision required or reject it. Results of the review process are normally available within one month of submission.
  8. Editors evaluate the Reviews
    • The handling editor considers all the returned reviews before making an overall decision. If the reviews differ widely, the editor may invite an additional reviewer so as to get an extra opinion before making a decision.
  9. The Decision is communicated
    • The editor sends a decision email to the author including any relevant reviewer comments. Authors need to correct all the revisions in the manuscript according to the reviewer's request. The reviewers should expect to receive a new version, unless they have opted out of further participation.
  10. Last Steps
    • If accepted, the paper is sent to production. Authors get notification. If the article is rejected, the manuscript include constructive comments from the reviewers and editors team to help the author improve the article.

Publication Frequency

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biology using continuous publication system. Once the article has finished all of the editing and layout processes, it will be published immediately without waiting for other articles to complete the full issue. Furthermore, the full issue will be built gradually along with the other article being added until the issue contains 15 articles. Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biology publishes two issues per annum (on June 30, and December 30).

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. 


This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...

Indonesia National Archive
This journal also utilizes Indonesia One Search (IOS), managed by National Library of Indonesia, Garda Rujukan Digital (GARUDA) managed by the Ministry of Research and Technology/National Agency for Research and Innovation, Republic Indonesia, and Ministry of Religious Affairs Reference (MORAREF) managed by the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Republic Indonesia. It permits those national libraries to create a permanent archive of the manuscripts in Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi for preservation and restoration purposes.

Self-archiving policy
Authors are permitted to deposit all versions of their manuscript in an institutional or funder repository and can be made publicly accessible immediately.

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi has agreed to follow the ethical standards as determined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Author(s) must obedient and pay attention to authorship, plagiarism, duplicate (redundant) publication, fabrication of data, manipulation of citation, as well as ethical approval and Intellectual Property Rights. Biogenesis takes such publishing ethics issues very seriously and our editors are trained to proceed in such cases with a zero-tolerance policy. To verify the originality of content submitted to our journals, we use tools of plagiarism to check submissions against previous publications.

Every article published in the Biogenesis was an original manuscript, not published double, does not contain elements of plagiarism, and has been through a peer-review process to ensure the quality of the articles in order to contribute to science in the field of biology. The editing team did not reveal any personal information about the manuscript to anyone other than the author and upholds objectivity in making decisions publishing articles.

Allegations of Research Misconduct

Research misconduct means fabrication, falsification, citation manipulation, or plagiarism in producing, performing, or reviewing research and writing an article by authors, or in reporting research results. When authors are found to have been involved with research misconduct or other serious irregularities involving articles that have been published in scientific journals, Editors have a responsibility to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the scientific record.

In cases of suspected misconduct, the Editors and Editorial Board will use the best practices of COPE to assist them to resolve the complaint and address the misconduct fairly. This will include an investigation of the allegation by the Editors. A submitted manuscript that is found to contain such misconduct will be rejected. In cases where a published paper is found to contain such misconduct, a retraction can be published and will be linked to the original article.

The first step involves determining the validity of the allegation and an assessment of whether the allegation is consistent with the definition of research misconduct. This initial step also involves determining whether the individuals alleging misconduct have relevant conflicts of interest.

If scientific misconduct or the presence of other substantial research irregularities is a possibility, the allegations are shared with the corresponding author, who, on behalf of all of the coauthors, is requested to provide a detailed response. After the response is received and evaluated, additional review and involvement of experts (such as statistical reviewers) may be obtained. For cases in which it is unlikely that misconduct has occurred, clarifications, additional analyses, or both, published as letters to the editor, and often including a correction notice and correction to the published article are sufficient.

Institutions are expected to conduct an appropriate and thorough investigation of allegations of scientific misconduct. Ultimately, authors, journals, and institutions have an important obligation to ensure the accuracy of the scientific record. By responding appropriately to concerns about scientific misconduct, and taking necessary actions based on evaluation of these concerns, such as corrections, retractions with replacement, and retractions, Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi will continue to fulfill the responsibilities of ensuring the validity and integrity of the scientific record.

Authorship and Contributorship

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author is responsible to ensure that all appropriate co-authors have been included in the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to the submission of the paper for publication.


The journal only accepts manuscripts that have not been previously published nor being considered for publication elsewhere. All manuscripts submitted to the journal are subjected to similarity check procedure to identify any indication of plagiarism using Turnitin. The editorial board is responsible to follow up any indication of plagiarism conducted by the author(s).

Peer-Review Policy

The journal implements the peer review policy as a means to ensure the quality of the publication in the journal. The peer-review process consists of initial review, double-blind peer-review, and the decision by the editor.

Initial Review: The editor evaluates the submitted manuscript to determine if the content is suitable for the journal. Manuscripts with contents that are not suitable for the journal will be returned immediately to the author(s).

Peer-Review: Submitted manuscripts that have passed the initial review are subjected to double-blind peer-review, where both authors and reviewers remain anonymous during the review process. Minimum of two reviewers is assigned to evaluate and provide the recommendation for a manuscript. In assigning the reviewers, the editor is responsible to avoid the conflict of interest during the review process.

Decision: The editor makes the final decision on the acceptability of a manuscript based on the comments and recommendations of the reviewers.

Duties of Editors, Reviewers, and Authors

The following statements describe the ethical behaviour of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal: the editor, the reviewer, and the author.

Duties of Editors

The decision on the publication of article: The Editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The Editors are guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and subjected to such legal requirements regarding copyright and plagiarism. The Editors may confer with editorial board members or reviewers in making this final decision.

Fair play: Manuscripts shall be evaluated solely on their intellectual merit without regard to the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, or citizenship.

Confidentiality: The Editor, the Editorial Board Members, and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by anyone who has a view of the manuscript (while handling it) in his or her own research without the express written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to the editorial decision: Peer review assists the editors and the editorial board in making editorial decisions while editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.

Promptness: Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the assigned manuscript or unable to provide a prompt review should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

Confidentiality: Manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with, others except as authorized by the editor. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

Standards of objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. There shall be no personal criticism of the author. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgment of sources: Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that had been previously reported elsewhere should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editors/editorial board member's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work.

Data access, retention, and reproducibility: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such, if practicable, and should, in any event, be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication. Authors are responsible for data reproducibility.

Originality and plagiarism: Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others this must be appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, redundant and concurrent publications: An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgment of sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the manuscript: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Complaints and Appeals

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi will have a clear procedure for handling complaints against the Journal, Editorial Staff, Editorial Board, or Publisher. The complaints will be clarified to a respected person with respect to the case of complaint. The scope of complaints includes anything related to the journal process, i.e. editorial process, found citation manipulation, unfair editor/reviewer, peer-review manipulation, etc. The complaint cases will be processed according to COPE guideline. The complaint cases should be sent by email to biogenesis@uin-alauddin.ac.id.

Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

The editorial team strives to ensure that every article published in Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is entirely accurate. Problems raised after publication fall into different categories, and result in different responses:

  • Erratum: Where the production process has introduced an error into the article
  • Corrigendum: Where the authors notice a mistake that has not been introduced by editorial team
  • Expression of Concern: Where there are issues which may affect the validity of the scientific record, such as suspected image manipulation, but the authors are not willing to publish a Corrigendum
  • Retraction: Where there are major issues affecting the validity of the scientific record, such as duplicate publication or proven plagiarism

In all cases, the editorial team will work in collaboration with the authors, to determine the best option. If the issue was raised by a third party, they are also kept informed. If anyone suspects a post-publication issue we ask them to contact the editorial team immediately through email biogenesis@uin-alauddin.ac.id, providing sufficient detail to undertake an investigation.

Research Ethics Policy

Studies involving animals and human research participants
For research manuscripts reporting experiments on live vertebrates and/or higher invertebrates, the corresponding author must confirm that all experiments were performed in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. The manuscript must include a statement identifying the institutional and/or licensing committee approving the experiments, including any relevant details. Sex and other characteristics of animals that may influence results must be described. Details of statements must be included animal welfare, including information about housing, feeding, and environmental enrichment, and steps taken to minimize suffering, including the use of anesthesia and method of sacrifice if appropriate.

The authors must identify the ethics committee approving the research involving human research participants, including the name and reference number of the committee in submitted manuscripts. If the study has been granted exemption from requiring ethics approval, details of the committee granting exception should be included in the manuscript. Manuscripts must also include a statement affirming that informed consent was obtained from all human research participants.

When publishing identifiable images from human research participants in Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, authors include a statement in the published paper affirming that they have obtained informed consent for publication of the images. All reasonable measures must be taken to protect patient anonymity. Images without appropriate consent will be removed from publication.

Biosafety, Biosecurity, and Emerging Biotechnology Policy
We focus on the СОРE definition, of Ethical oversight. Based on this definition, the editorial team of Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi works under the issue of observing ethical principles. We have established an editorial monitoring group to oversee the consideration of papers with biosafety, biosecurity, and emerging biotechnology concerns. We ask all authors to disclose any potential dual-use research of concern (DURC) or Gain of Function (GoF) implications during submission. The editorial team may seek advice about submitted papers not only from technical reviewers but also on any aspect of a paper that raises concerns. These may include, for example, ethical issues or issues of data or materials access. Very occasionally, concerns may also relate to the implications to society of publishing a paper, including threats to security. In such circumstances, advice will usually be sought simultaneously with the technical peer-review process.

We reserve the right to reject work that the editors believe has not been conducted to a high ethical standard, even if authors have obtained formal approval or if approval is not required under local regulations.

If concerns are discovered after publication, the journal staff will investigate and, should substantial concerns arise regarding the handling of animals or oversight for the research, we may issue a correction or retraction as appropriate. We also reserve the right to contact the authors’ institution, ethics committee, or other appropriate body in relation to these concerns.

Pre and Post-Publication Policy

Withdrawal of Manuscripts

The author is not allowed to withdraw submitted manuscripts, because the withdrawal is a waste of valuable resources that editors and referees spent a great deal of time processing submitted manuscripts and works invested by the publisher.

If the author still requests withdrawal of his/her manuscript when the manuscript is still in the peer-reviewing process, the author and his/her affiliation will be blacklisted for publication in this journal. However, it is unethical to withdraw a submitted manuscript from one journal if accepted by another journal.

The withdrawal of the manuscript after the manuscript is accepted for publication.  The withdrawal of the manuscript is only allowed after the withdrawal penalty has been carried out by the author, namely by replacing other writings of comparable quality as directed by editors and reviewers. Posts that will be published in the next edition and entries that are withdrawn will be marked with "Retraction". If the author doesn't agree to the penalty, the author and his/her affiliation will be blacklisted for publication in this journal. Even, his/her previously published articles will be removed from our online system. Refer/Quoting to COPE.

An erratum refers to a correction of errors introduced to the article by the publisher. All publisher-introduced changes are highlighted to the author at the proof stage and any errors are ideally identified by the author and corrected by the publisher before final publication. Authors who notice an error should contact the Journal through the official email biogenesis@uin-alauddin.ac.id.

A corrigendum refers to a change to their article that the author wishes to publish at any time after acceptance. Authors should contact the editor of the journal through the official email biogenesis@uin-alauddin.ac.id., who will determine the impact of the change and decide on the appropriate course of action.

Expressions of Concern
The editorial team may consider issuing an expression of concern if they have well-founded concerns and feel that readers should be made aware of potentially misleading information contained in an article. However, expressions of concern should only be issued if an investigation into the problems relating to the article has proved inconclusive, and if there remain strong indicators that the concerns are valid. Refer/Quoting to COPE.

Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The retraction of an article by its authors or the editor under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction by Elsevier:

  • A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
  • In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.
  • The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
  • The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
  • The HTML version of the document is removed.

Screening for Plagiarism

Manuscript submitted to Biogenesis: Jurnal llmiah Biologi will be screened for plagiarism using Turnitin tools. Biogenesis: Jurnal llmiah Biologi will immediately reject articles leading to plagiarism or self-plagiarism.

Before submitting articles to reviewers, those are first checked for similarity/plagiarism tool, by a member of the editorial team. The papers submitted to Biogenesis: Jurnal llmiah Biologi must have a similarity level of less than 15%.

Plagiarism is the exposure of another person’s thoughts or words as though they were your own, without permission, credit, or acknowledgment, or because of failing to cite the sources properly. Plagiarism can take diverse forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing the work of another. To correctly judge whether an author has plagiarized, we emphasize the following possible situations:

  • An author can copy another author’s work- by copying word by word, in whole or in part, without permission, acknowledge or citing the source. This practice can be identified by comparing the source and the manuscript/work who is suspected of plagiarism.
  • Substantial copying implies an author to reproduce a significant part of another author, without permission, acknowledgment, or citation. The substantial term can be understood both in terms of quality as quantity, is often used in the context of Intellectual property. Condition refers to the relative value of the copied text in proportion to the work as a whole.
  • Paraphrasing involves taking ideas, words, or phrases from a source and crafting them into new sentences within the writing. This practice becomes unethical when the author does not properly cite or does not acknowledge the original work/author. This form of plagiarism is the more difficult form to be identified.

References Management

Every article accepted by Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi uses reference management software. For example Mendeley

Budapest Open Access Initiative

Read the Budapest Open Acces Initiative

An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.

For various reasons, this kind of free and unrestricted online availability, which we will call open access, has so far been limited to small portions of the journal literature. But even in these limited collections, many different initiatives have shown that open access is economically feasible, that it gives readers extraordinary power to find and make use of relevant literature, and that it gives authors and their works vast and measurable new visibilityreadership, and impact. To secure these benefits for all, we call on all interested institutions and individuals to help open up access to the rest of this literature and remove the barriers, especially the price barriers, that stand in the way. The more who join the effort to advance this cause, the sooner we will all enjoy the benefits of open access.

The literature that should be freely accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without expectation of payment. Primarily, this category encompasses their peer-reviewed journal articles, but it also includes any unreviewed preprints that they might wish to put online for comment or to alert colleagues to important research findings. There are many degrees and kinds of wider and easier access to this literature. By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution and the only role for copyright in this domain should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.

While the peer-reviewed journal literature should be accessible online without cost to readers, it is not costless to produce. However, experiments show that the overall costs of providing open access to this literature are far lower than the costs of traditional forms of dissemination. With such an opportunity to save money and expand the scope of dissemination at the same time, there is today a strong incentive for professional associations, universities, libraries, foundations, and others to embrace open access as a means of advancing their missions. Achieving open access will require new cost recovery models and financing mechanisms, but the significantly lower overall cost of dissemination is a reason to be confident that the goal is attainable and not merely preferable or utopian.

To achieve open access to scholarly journal literature, we recommend two complementary strategies. 

I.  Self-Archiving: First, scholars need the tools and assistance to deposit their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives, a practice commonly called, self-archiving. When these archives conform to standards created by the Open Archives Initiative, then search engines and other tools can treat the separate archives as one. Users then need not know which archives exist or where they are located in order to find and make use of their contents.

II. Open-access Journals: Second, scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals committed to open access, and to help existing journals that elect to make the transition to open access. Because journal articles should be disseminated as widely as possible, these new journals will no longer invoke copyright to restrict access to and use of the material they publish. Instead, they will use copyright and other tools to ensure permanent open access to all the articles they publish. Because the price is a barrier to access, these new journals will not charge subscription or access fees and will turn to other methods for covering their expenses. There are many alternative sources of funds for this purpose, including the foundations and governments that fund research, the universities and laboratories that employ researchers, endowments set up by discipline or institution, friends of the cause of open access, profits from the sale of add-ons to the basic texts, funds freed up by the demise or cancellation of journals charging traditional subscription or access fees, or even contributions from the researchers themselves. There is no need to favor one of these solutions over the others for all disciplines or nations, and no need to stop looking for other, creative alternatives.

Open access to peer-reviewed journal literature is the goal. Self-archiving (I.) and a new generation of open-access journals (II.) are the ways to attain this goal. They are not only direct and effective means to this end, but they are also within the reach of scholars themselves, immediately, and need not wait on changes brought about by markets or legislation. While we endorse the two strategies just outlined, we also encourage experimentation with further ways to make the transition from the present methods of dissemination to open access. Flexibility, experimentation, and adaptation to local circumstances are the best ways to assure that progress in diverse settings will be rapid, secure, and long-lived.

The Open Society Institute, the foundation network founded by philanthropist George Soros, is committed to providing initial help and funding to realize this goal. It will use its resources and influence to extend and promote institutional self-archiving, to launch new open-access journals, and to help an open-access journal system become economically self-sustaining. While the Open Society Institute's commitment and resources are substantial, this initiative is very much in need of other organizations to lend their effort and resources.

We invite governments, universities, libraries, journal editors, publishers, foundations, learned societies, professional associations, and individual scholars who share our vision to join us in the task of removing the barriers to open access and building a future in which research and education in every part of the world are that much more free to flourish.

February 14, 2002
Budapest, Hungary

Leslie Chan: Bioline International
Darius Cuplinskas
: Director, Information Program, Open Society Institute
Michael Eisen
: Public Library of Science
Fred Friend
: Director of Scholarly Communication, University College London
Yana Genova
: Next Page Foundation
Jean-Claude Guédon: University of Montreal
Melissa Hagemann
: Program Officer, Information Program, Open Society Institute
Stevan Harnad: Professor of Cognitive Science, University of Southampton, Universite du Quebec a Montreal
Rick Johnson
: Director, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)
Rima Kupryte: Open Society Institute
Manfredi La Manna
: Electronic Society for Social Scientists 
István Rév: Open Society Institute, Open Society Archives
Monika Segbert: eIFL Project consultant 
Sidnei de Souza
: Informatics Director at CRIA, Bioline International
Peter Suber
: Professor of Philosophy, Earlham College & The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter
Jan Velterop
: Publisher, BioMed Central

Copyrights, Permissions, Reprints & Licensing


Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing rights without restriction to their work. Users may read, download, copy, distribute, and print the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. License
The use of the article will be governed by the Creative Commons Attribution license as currently displayed on http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.

2. Author’s Warranties
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).

3. User Rights
Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the users are free to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content for any purpose, even commercially, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.

4. Co-Authorship
If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the corresponding author warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this statement.

5. Miscellaneous
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi may conform the article to a style of punctuation, spelling, capitalization, and usage that it deems appropriate. The author acknowledges that the article may be published so that it will be publicly accessible and such access will be free of charge for the readers.

Journal History

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal published by the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar. Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi was founded in 2012 and was first published in June 2013 based on the Decree of Dean of Faculty of Science and Technology number 535.A with the aims of:

  1. Providing quality scientific communication media of tropical bioscience to encourage the development of science and technology in biology and other related fields.
  2. Providing academic publications for Islamic scientists who contribute to the development of tropical bioscience in the Islamic world.
  3. Increasing the dissemination of ideas about the idea of tropical bioscience used to solve various problems related to clothing, food, shelter, energy, environment, security, health care, even social issues for improving human well-being.
  4. Increasing public discussion through publishing reputated scientific articles.

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi has been granted National Accreditation with SINTA Rank 3 (SINTA 3) from Ministry of Research and Technology/National Research and Innovation Agency, Republic of Indonesia No. 21/E/KPT/2018. In this period, the journal have made some additonal changes of OJS layouting. Began in 2019, Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi was honoured to receive SINTA 2 by The Director General of Research and Development Strengthening, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia (Kemenristek BRIN RI) No. 28/E/KPT/2019, which is valid for 5 (five) years.

Since 2016, Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi become a member of Crossref.org, so each article has its unique DOI number. Before 2020, the journal published two-issue annually in June and December, with the number of manuscripts in a year is 20. Started from 2020, issues in a year produces 30 manuscripts. Some technical issues are also improving in this period.