Uji Beberapa Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Terhadap Pertumbuhan Setek Lada Perdu (Piper nigrum L.)

Wahyudi Wahyudi, Made Deviani Duaja, Elis Kartika

Abstract


Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is a commodity of high economic value, but the production is still low. The main reason is the lack of availability for good pepper seedling. Pepper has been commercially propagated by cuttings. To optimize pepper cutting growth could be done through the application of plant growth regulator (PGR). PGR can also be obtained from plant extracts. Some parts of the plant can be used as an exogenous growth regulator hence it contains many hormones that plants need. This experiment was conducted at Teaching and Research Farm, Universitas Jambi to select the best plant extract as an exogenous growth regulator that could induce root and growth of pepper cutting. Five plant extracts, animal urine, and synthetic growth regulator were used as treatment namely: Rootone-F as control, coconut water (Cocos nucifera L.), cow urine, extract of mung bean sprouts (Vigna radiata) + moringa leaf extract (Moringa sp.), young corn (Zea mays) seed extract + moringa leaf extract, young corn seed extract + moringa leaf extract, bamboo shoot extract + banana hump (Musa paradisiaca) extract. The experiment was set in the form of randomized complete design with three replications. Result revealed that synthetic plant growth regulators and plant extracts as exogenous growth regulator have a significant effect on the growth of pepper cuttings. Coconut water gave the best of pepper seedling growth based on the percentage of live seedling, percentage of cutting sprouts, shoot length, root length and shoot dry weight.


Keywords


bamboo, cutting, Moringa sp., plant extract, seedling

References


Abbasi BH, Ahmad N, Fazal H, Mahmood T. 2010. Conventional and modern propagation techniques in Piper nigrum. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. vol 4(1): 7–12. https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR09.025.

Abdelgadir HA, Jäger AK, Johnson SD, Van Staden J. 2010. Influence of plant growth regulators on flowering, fruiting, seed oil content, and oil quality of Jatropha curcas. South African Journal of Botany. vol 76(3): 440–446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2010.02.088.

Aguzaen H. 2009. Respon Pertumbuhan Bibit Stek Lada (Piper nisrum L.) Terhadap Pemberian Air Kelapa dan Berbagai Jenis CMA. AgronobiS. vol 1(1): 36–47.

Amri E, Lyaruu HVM, Nyomora AS, Kanyeka ZL. 2010. Vegetative propagation of African Blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.): effects of age of donor plant, IBA treatment and cutting position on rooting ability of stem cuttings. New Forest. vol 39(2): 183–194.

Donzella G, Spena A, Rotino GL. 2000. Transgenic parthenocarpic eggplants: Superior germplasm for increased winter production. Molecular Breeding. vol 6(1): 79–86. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009613529099.

Kocaman AY, and Güven B. 2016. In vitro genotoxicity assessment of the synthetic plant growth regulator, 1-naphthaleneacetamide. Cytotechnology. vol 68(4): 947–956. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10616-015-9847-z.

Kurniati F, Sudartini T, Hidayat D. 2017. Aplikasi Berbagai Bahan ZPT Alami Untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Bibit Kemiri Sunan (Reutealis trisperma (Blanco) Airy Shaw). Jurnal Agro. vol 4(1): 40–49. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15575/1307.

Ma Z, Ge L, Lee ASY, Yong JWH, Tan SN, Ong ES. 2008. Simultaneous analysis of different classes of phytohormones in coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) water using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry after solid-phase extraction. Analytica Chimica Acta. vol 610(2): 274–281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.045.

Mohamed AH, and Abdel-Gawad AE. 2005. Effect of plant growth regulator (mepiquat chloride) on circulating hemocytes and total plasma protein of Biomphalaria alexandrina snails. J. Zool. vol 44: 283–303.

Ohoiulun D, Endang Y, Mahmudi M. 2014. The effect of with coconut water content on different concentration of essential Chlorella pyronoidosa Chick. International Journal of Biosciences. vol 5(7): 213–218. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/5.7.213-218.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2017. Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2015-2017. Jakarta: Kementerian Pertanian.

Puspitorini P. 2016. The Sources of Auxin Hormone to Growth of Shoot Pineapple Stem Cutting (Ananas comosus L. Merr.). Journal of Academic Research and Sciences. vol 1(1): 45–52.

Ramachandrudu K, and Thangam M. 2007. Response of Plant Growth Regulators, Coconut Water and Cow Urine on Vegetative Growth, Flowering and Corm Production in Gladiolus. Journal of Ornamental Horticulture. vol 10(1): 38–41.

Rukmana D. 2010. Teknik Perbanyakan Setek Lada Melalui Kebun Induk Mini. Buletin Teknik Pertanian. vol 15(2): 63–65.

Rukmana R. 2003. Tanaman Perkebunan: Usaha Tani Lada Perdu. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Saefas SA, Rosniawat S, Maxiselly Y. 2017. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Alami dan Sintetik Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Teh (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) Klon GMB 7 Setelah Centering. Kultivasi. vol 16(2): 368–372.https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24198/kltv.v16i2.12591.

Setiawan, dan Wahyudi A. 2014. Pengaruh Giberelin Terhadap Pertumbuhan Beberapa Varietas Lada Untuk Penyediaan Benih Secara Cepat. Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat. vol 25(2): 111–118. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v25n2.2014.111-118.

Sudomo A, Rohandi A, Mindawati N. 2013. Penggunaan Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Rootone-F Pada Stek Pucuk Manglid (Manglietia glauca BI). Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman. vol 10(2): 57–63. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20886/jpht.2013.10.2.57-63.

Sulistiana S. 2013. Respon Pertumbuhan Stek Daun Lidah Mertua (Sansevieria parva) Pada Pemberian Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Sintetik (Rootone-F) dan Asal Bahan Stek. Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi. vol 14(2): 107–118.

Ulfa F, Sengin EL, Baharuddin, Syaiful SA, Sennang NR, Rafiuddin, Ifayanti. 2013. Potential of Plant Extracts as Growth Exogenous Regulators of Potato Seeds. International Journal of Agriculture System. vol 1(2): 98–103. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/ijas.v1i2.10.

Yong JWH, Ge L, Ng YF, Tan SN. 2009. The chemical composition and biological properties of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) water. Molecules. vol 14(12): 5144–5164. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14125144.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/bio.v6i2.4664

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is Indexed by: 

                    

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi

pISSN 2302-1616
eISSN 2580-2909

Published by
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
Jl.H.M.Yasin Limpo No. 36 Samata, Gowa, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Email: biogenesis@uin-alauddin.ac.id
WA: +6285242001984

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Web Analytics 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.