MASHARIF AL-ZAKAT: THE HADITH MAUDHU'I APPROACH

Ivan Rahmat Santoso, La Ode Ismail Ahmad, Muhammad Hasan, Indrawan Aziz, Muhammad Harsya Bachtiar

Abstract


The distribution of zakat (masharif al-zaká) is an important factor as an indicator of the optimal function of zakat. In addition to the qur’an, the zakat distribution mechanism should be based on valid traditions as references in its management. This study aims to analyze the distribution of zakat in the review of maudhu'iy hadith. The method used is a thematic approach (al-hadith al-maudhu'i). The result of the research shows that the hadith that is being discussed is categorized as hasan lighairihi hadith, where the origin is dha'if but has reinforcement from other lines so that it is elevated to hasan lighairihi. In addition, the contents of the prophet's hadiths regarding mashârif al-zakât which are discussed do not contradict the verses of the qur’an, because they have the same meaning regarding the eight asnaf who are entitled to receive zakat.


Keywords


Masharif; Zakat; Distribution; Hadith; Maudhu'i method

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah Muhammad bin Yazid bin Majah ar-Rabi’i Al-Qazwini. Sunan Ibnu Majah. Cet. II,. Riyadh: Daar ul Ma’arif Linnasyri Wattaauzi’, n.d.

Abdurrahman bin Ahmad bin Yunus al-Sadafi Abu Sa’id. Tarikh Ibn Yunus Al-Misr. Juz I, Cet. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiah, 1421.

Abdurrahman bin Nâshir al-Sadi. Taisîr Al-Karîm Al-Rahman Fî Tafsîr Kalâmi Al-Mânan. Saudi Arabia: Dar al-Salâm, 1422.

Abu ‘Abillah Muhammad bin Sa‘id bin Mani‘ al-Hasyimi. Tabaqah Al-Qubra. Madinah al-Munawwarh: Maktabah al-‘Ulum wa al-Hukmi, 1408.

Abu Abdullah Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Abu Amir Al-Ashbahi. Muwatha’ Malik. Darul Ma’rifah, n.d.

Abu al-Fadl Ahmad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Hajar al-Asqalani. Tahzib Al-Tahzib. Juz I, Cet. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabiy, 1984.

Abu Daud Sulaiman bin Asy’ats as-Sijistani. Matan Sunan Abu Daud. Jilid 1. Baitul Afkar ad-Dauliyyah, n.d.

al-Islāmīyah, Kuwait. Wizārat al-Awqāf wa-al-Shuʼūn. Al-Mawsu’ah Al-Fiqhiyyah. Wizarat al-Awqaf wa al-Shu’un al-Islamiyah, 1982. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=VZdTnQAACAAJ.

Al-Qahthâni, Wahaf. Masharif Al-Zakat Fî Al-Islâmî. Riyâd: Muasasah al-Jarîsî, 1431.

Al-Qurtubî. Al-Jâmi’ Li Ahkâm Al-Qur’ân. X. Beirut: Muasasah al-Risâlah, 1427.

Ali, Muhammad. “Zakat Mal Dalam Kajian Hadis Maudhu’i.” Aqidah-Ta 1, no. Vol 1, No 1 (2015) (2015): 69–98. http://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/aqidah-ta/article/view/1310.

alKhadimi. Ilm Al- Maqâshid Al-Syar’iyyah. Riyadh: Maktabah Abikan, 1421.

Amarudin, Muchamat. “Optimalisasi Dana Zakat di Indonesia (Model Distribusi Zakat Berbasis Pemberdayaan Ekonomi): Muchamat Amarudin.” EKSYAR: Jurnal Ekonomi Syari’ah & Bisnis Islam 6, no. 01 SE- (August 26, 2019): 1–13. https://ejournal.staim-tulungagung.ac.id/index.php/eksyar/article/view/380.

Fu’ad ’Abd. al-Baqy Muhammad. Al-Mu;Jam Al-Mufahras Li Alfazh Al Hadists Al-Nabawy. Juz II. Leiden, The Netherlands: E.J Brill, 1963.

Hamès, Constant. “Wensinck (A.J.) Concordance et Indices de La Tradition Musulmane.” Archives de Sciences Sociales Des Religions, 1993, 342. https://www.persee.fr/doc/assr_0335-5985_1993_num_82_1_1655_t1_0342_0000_2.

Hamzah, Hamzah. “Zakat Mal Dalam Perspektif Hadis Maudhu’iy.” TASAMUH: Jurnal Studi Islam 11, no. 1 SE-Articles (April 1, 2019). https://doi.org/10.47945/tasamuh.v11i1.177.

Ibn Katsir. Tafsir Al-Qur’ân Al-‘Adhîm. IV. Riyâd: Dâr al-Thyibah, 1418.

Ibnu Mubarak Abi Sa’adah Mubarrak. An-Nihayah Fi Gharib Al-Hadits Wal Atsar. Dar Al-Kutub, 1979.

Khafîfi, Ali. Al-Ahk m Al-Mu’âmalât Al-Syar’iyat. Kairo: Dâr al-Fikri al Arabî, 1429.

Makki, Mustaqim. “Tafsir Ayat-Ayat Zakat Sebagai Penguat Konsep Filantropi Ekonomi Keummatan (Tafsir Verses Of Zakat As The Booster Of Public Economic Philanthropy Concept).” Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law 3, no. 2 (2019): 117–37.

Mubasirun, Mubasirun. Distribusi Zakat dan Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Umat. INFERENSI. Vol. 7, 2013. https://doi.org/10.18326/infsl3.v7i2.493-512.

Muslim bin al-Hajjaj Abu al-Hasan al-Qusyariyyi al-Naisaburi. Kuniyah Al-Asma. Juz. II. Madinah al-Munawwarh: Maktabah al-‘Arabiyyah, 1984.

Nurudin, M. “Transformasi Hadis-Hadis Zakat Dalam Mewujudkan Ketangguhan Ekonomi Pada Era Modern.” ZISWAF, no. Vol 1, No 2 (2014): ZISWAF : Jurnal Zakat dan Wakaf (2014): 1–22. http://journal.stainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Ziswaf/article/view/1489.

Penterjemah, Yayasan Penyelenggara, and Pentafsir Al-Qur’an. “Al-Qur’an Dan Terjemahnya.” Jakarta: Departemen Agama, 1986.

Sa’id al-Mulk Abu Nasr ‘Ali bin Hibbatillah bin Ma’ku. Al-Mausu’ah Al-Mujizah Fi Al-Tarikh Al-Islami. Juz V, Cet. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al’Ilmiah, 1990.

Santoso, Ivan Rahmat. Manajemen Pengelolaan Zakat. Cet. I. Gorontalo: Ideas Publishing, 2016.

Syarifuddin, Syarifuddin. “Zakat Fitrah (Kajian Hadis Tematik).” Al-Hikmah Journal for Religious Studies 14, no. 1 (2013): 93–111.

Wibowo, Arif. “Distribusi Zakat Dalam Bentuk Penyertaan Modal Bergulir Sebagai Accelerator Kesetaraan Kesejahteraan.” Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen UNY 12, no. 2 (2015): 28–43. https://doi.org/10.21831/jim.v12i2.11747.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/jdi.v9i2.20516

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Jurnal Diskursus Islam is indexed by

      

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

View My Stats

Jurnal Diskursus Islam

ISSN Print: 2338-5537 ISSN Online: 2622-7223

Publisher: Program Pascasarjana, UIN Alauddin Makassar

Jln. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36 Romangpolong, Samata, Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan
Phone: (0411) 841879 Fax: (0411) 8221400

Email: diskursus@uin-alauddin.ac.id