VALUES OF CHARACTER EDUCATION IN LITERARY WORK (A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN HAMKA’S FALSAFAH HIDUP AND GIBRAN’S THE PROPHET)

Nahdhiyah Nahdhiyah

Abstract


Abstract

 

This study aims to find and to compare (similarities and differences)  values of character Education in literary works those are Falsafah Hidup by Hamka and The Prophet by Khalil Gibran. This study reveals values of character education beyond a literary work in order to give contribution to build human character. This study also gives information that literary work is not only display a beautiful string of word but it contains life  meaning, so literary work can be an alternative source for building human character. This study uses content analysis technique and comparative approach with coding sheet as the instrument.Falsafah Hidupand The Prophet as object of study. Data analysis starts from preparing data, defining unit of analysis, building coding sheet, coding, comparing, making conclusion, and reporting. Result of study shows there are 13 values of char4acter education in Falsafah Hidupand 11 values of character education in The Prophet. There are some same and different in value and both of these works focus on humanistic and social value. But some values in Falsafah Hidup are not found in The Prophet. The value is character toward nation. Values of character education in The Prophet are not refer to certain religion or faith. Differ than Falsafah Hidup, the values always relies on Al Qur’an and Hadits.

Abstrak

 

Nilai Pendidikan Karakter pada Karya Sastra. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh dan membandingkan nilai pendidikan karakter pada karya sastra Falsafah Hidup oleh Hamka dan The Prophet oleh Khalil Gibran. Penelitian ini dapat memberikan kontribusi pada pembentukan karakter manusia serta memberikan pengetahuan bahwa karya sastra bukan hanya menampilkan rangkaian kata-kata indah, namun juga makna hidup. Dengan demikian, karya sastra juga berfungsi untuk membangun karakter manusia. Penelitian ini menggunakan, teknik analisis isi dan pendekatan komparatif dengan lembar pengkodean sebagai instrumennya. Falsafah Hidup dan The Prophet sebagai objek penelitian dimana analisis data dimulai dari mempersiapkan data, mendefinisikan, membuat lembar pengkodean, pengkodean, membandingkan, membuat kesimpulan, dan pelaporan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada 13 nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter di Falsafah Hidup dan 11 nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam The Prophet. Kedua karya ini fokus pada nilai humanistik dan sosial, tapi beberapa nilai dalam falsafah Hidup tidak ditemukan dalam The Prophet, yaitu nilai karakter bangsa. Nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam The Prophet tidak mengacu pada agama atau kepercayaan tertentu. Berbeda dari Falsafah Hidup yang nilai-nilainya selalu bergantung pada Al Qur'an dan Hadits. 


Keywords


Value; Character Education; Literary Work

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Taufik. 2010. HAMKA (Paper). Retrieved from http://islamicus.org/hamka/ Accessed on April 2014.

Pusat Kurikulum Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2010. Bahan Pelatihan Penguatan Metodologi Pembelajaran Berdasarkan Nilai-nilai Budaya untuk Membentuk Daya Saing dan Karakter Bangsa. http://rumahinspirasi.com/18-nilai-dalam-pendidikan-karakter-bangsa/. Accessed on August 2012

Bungin, Burhan. 2003. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Aktualisasi Metodologis ke Arah Ragam Varian Kontemporer.Cetakan kedua. Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada.

Character Education Partnership (CEP). Eleven Principles of character education. USA. 2010. Retrieved from www.character.orgwp-contentuploads.ElevenPrinciples_new2010.pdf. Accessed on April 2014

Character CEPCurrMaphttpwww.lions-quest.orgpdfsCEPCurrMap.pdf. Accessed on April 2014.

Encyclopedia of World Biography. Kahlil Gibran Biography. http://www.notablebiographies.com/Fi-Gi/Gibran-Kahlil.html.

Accessed on April 2014.

Erie Sudewo. 2011. Best Practice Character Building Menuju Indonesia Lebih Baik. Jakarta Selatan: Republika.

Ghougassian, Dr. Joseph peter 2002.Sayap-sayap Pemikiran Khalil Gibran.Yogyakarta. Fajar Pustaka Baru.

Gunawan’ Site. 2008. Buku-Buku Hamka.http://grelovejogja.wordpress.com/2007/10/03/buku-buku-hamka/. Accessed on April 2014

Hamka, Prof. Dr. 1981. Falsafah Hidup (cetakan 8). Medan: Penerbit Umminda.

Hassan, Fuad. 2001. Menapaki Jejak Khalil Gibran. Bandung. Pustaka Jaya.

Leadership Support Service.12principles of character education.www.arkansased.orgpublicuserfilesLearning.12guidingprinc.pdf‎. Accessed on April 2014

Nahdhiyah. 2004. Spiritual values in Khalil Gibran’s The Prophet (Thesis of degree of sarjana sastra Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNM). Makassar: UNM. P. 6

Nizar, Prof. Dr. H. Samsul. 2008. Renungan Pemikiran dan Falsafah Hidup Hamka” (The Deepest Thought of Life Philosophy by Hamka), Paper: a critical summary of a seminar that is done in order to commemorate one hundred years of Buya Hamka. Padang: Tarbiyah faculty in Indonesian Islāmic Religion Institute of Imam Bonjol. http://syayidss.wordpress.com/2008/02/22/a-critical-summary-one-hundred-years-of-buya-hamka-1908-2008/. Accessed on April 2014.

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J. Nancy L. Leech, and Kathleen M. T. Collins.Qualitative Analysis Techniques for the Review of the Literature. The Qualitative Report 2012 Volume 17, Article 56. P 5. http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR17/onwuegbuzie.pdf. Accessed on April 2014.

Pendidikan Berkarakter: Sebuah Inovasi Baru dalam Pendidikan (Article)2011.http://elearningpendidikan.com/proses-pendidikan-karakter.html. accessed on March 2012

Risdianto, Faizal. Introduction to Literature. whats-english-literature httpabudira.files.wordpress.com201203chapter-ii-whats-english-literature1.pdf. Accessed on April 2014.

Shodhganga. comparative literature. httpshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inbitstream1060310017707_chapter2.pdf.. Accessed on April 2014

Sudrajat, Akhmad. Pendidikan Karakter.

http://akhmadsudrajat.wordpress.com/2010/08/20/pendidikan-karakter-di-smp/. Accessed on march 2012.

Stemler, Steve. 2001. An overview of content analysis: Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation. A Peer Reviewed Electronic Journal. Yale University.

http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/75/153

Wesley, Jared J. 2009. Building Bridges in Content Analysis: Quantitative and Qualitative Traditions.Department ofPoliticalStudies.University of Manitoba.

Zhang, Yan and Barbara M. Wildemuth. 1996. Qualitative Analysis of Content (Sage Journal). http://ils.unc.edu/~yanz/content analysis. Pdf. Accessed on March, 16th 2012

______A Critical Summary: One Hundred Years of Buya Hamka (1908-2008). This writing is a critical summary of a seminar that is done in order to commemorate one hundred years of Buya Hamka. 2008. Padang. .http://syayidss.wordpress.com/2008/02/22/a-critical-summary-one-hundred-years-of-buya-hamka-1908-2008/

______Teaching and Learning to Standards Reading and Literature –A Glossary of Literary Terms. Retrieved from httpwww.ode.state.or.usteachlearnsubjectselartsreadingresourcesreadingglossary.pdf. Accessed on April 2014.

poetic essay of the Prophet. Retrieved from http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/khalil-gibran-4.php. Accessed on March 2012.




Elite English and Literature Journal is indexed by

   

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN Print: 2355-0821 ISSN Online: 2580-5215

Jln. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36 Romangpolong, Samata, Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan
Email: elitejournal@uin-alauddin.ac.id