Md. Sadequle Islam


This paper focuses on an analysis of Bangla, English and Hindi code switching among the students of Dhaka University, Bangladesh. Based on the empirical data from questionnaire filled up by the students of two male and two female residential halls of Dhaka University, this paper aims to analyze the frequency and prototypes of code switching. It also presents a brief overview on exploring the factors that influence or encourage code switching and also the attitudes of the students towards the contemporary trend of code switching and its impact on their mother tongue Bangla. After collecting the data, they are transcribed, tabulated and analyzed by following quantitative method in terms of the research objectives. Overall findings indicate that in spite of having a negative attitude towards code switching, students prefer to switch Bangla-English and Bangla-Hindi codes with the friends in the informal discussions and while using social media.


Code-Switching; Prototypes; Bangla; Hindi; English; Dhaka University

Full Text:



Alam, S. (2006). Code switching in Bangladesh: A case study of non government white

collar. Retrieved from

A1-Azami, S. (2005 ). Linguistic manipulations in the Bengali language by the Bangladeshis

in Manchester, SACS, 1(1), 53-59. Retrieved from http ://blogs.edgehill . 1 2/07/Document

Ayemoni, M.O. (2006). Code-switching and code-mixing: Style of language use in childhood

in Yoruba speech community. Nordik Journal of African Studies, 15(1), 90-99. Retrieved from

Blanc M., & Hammers J. (1982). Bilinguality and bilingualism.London: Cambridge

University Press.

Definition of code switching. Retrieved from

Firoze, A. (2009). The Hindi dominated Bangla-speaking society – A sociolinguistic

imperialism.Retrieved from

Ghosh, N. (2014). Code switching in the private universities of Bangladesh. Retrieved from

Gumperz, J. J. (1982). Conversational code switching in discourse strategies. Cambridge:

Cambridge University press.

Mamun, A. (2012). Popularity of code switching in private universities of Bangladesh.

Retrieved from

Romaine, S. (1995). Bilingualism(2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.

Shamsher. R., & Abdullah, M. N. (2012). Effect of satellite television on the culture of

Bangladesh: The viewers perceptions. European Journal of Business and Management, 4(9), 45-55.

Types of Code switching retrieved from

Wardhaugh, R. (1992). An introduction to sociolinguistics(2nd ed.). UK: Blackwell



Elite English and Literature Journal is indexed by:


ISSN Print: 2355-0821 ISSN Online: 2580-5215

Publisher Address:

English Language and Literature Department
Faculty of Adab and Humaniora
Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
Jln. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36 Romangpolong, Samata, Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.