ariana ariana


This research aims at finding out whether or not using of extensive reading was effective to develop the English vocabulary of the fifth semester students of Muhammadiyah University of Makassar. It was quasi experimental research design. This research took place at Muhammadiyah University of Makassar in academic year 20105/2016. The population of the research was 313 students. The sample of this research consisted of 52 students, 28 students as the control group and 24 students as the experimental group, which was chosen by using cluster random sampling technique. The instrument of collecting data was vocabulary test. The data were obtained through pretest and posttest for both groups and the result of the test was analyzed by using SPSS 17.0 version. The result of the data analysis showed that the application of extensive reading was effective to develop the English vocabulary of the fifth semester students of Muhammadiyah University of Makassar proved by the mean score of control group in pretest was 29.31 and the mean score of experimental group was 41.64. While the mean score of control group in posttest was 47.07 which was taught intensive reading and the mean score of experimental group was 59.86, which was taught extensive reading. It means that the improvement of vocabulary achievement in control group from pretest to posttest was 17.76 and in experimental group were 18.22. It means that Incidental vocabulary occurred both of Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading, but the improvement of incidental vocabulary learning in extensive reading was greater than that of  intensive reading (18.22>17.76).


Extensive Reading, Intensive Reading, Incidental Vocabulary

Full Text:



Aebersold, Jo Ann and Lee Field, Mary.(1997). From Reader to Reading Teacher. New York: Cambridge University Press,.

Bamford, Julian & Day, Richard R. (2004).Extensive Reading Activities.for teaching Language. United States of America:Cambridge University Press

Brown, H. D. (2007). Teaching by Principles: An interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. (ch. 20, pp. 357 -389). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.

Brown,R. (2008). Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition from Reading, Reading-While-Listening, and Listening to Stories. Reading in a Foreign Language,20(2), 136–163

Day, R.,& Bamford, J. (1998). Extensive Reading in the Second Language Classroom. Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press.

De Groot, Annette M.B. (2011).An Introduction Language and Cognition In Bilinguals and Multilinguals.Great Britain: Psychology Press.

Elley, W. B. (1989). Vocabulary acquisition from listening to stories. Reading Research Quarterly, 24 (2),

Harmer, Jeremy. (1991).The Principles of English Language Teaching. Essex: Longman Group UK Limited.

Harmer, Jeremy. (1993). The Principles of English Language Teaching. Essex: Longman Group UK Limited

Harmer,J. (2003). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Essex: Longman

Kweon & Kim . (2008). Beyond raw frequency: Incidental vocabulary acquisition in extensive reading. Reading in a Foreign Language. 20 (2) 191-215

Nation, I.S.P. (2001). Learning Vocabulary in Another Langtuage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Richard,J., & Schmidt,R. (2002). Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. Malaysia: Pearson Education.

Rumelhart, (l977). Toward an interactive model of reading. In S. Dornic (Ed.), Attention and Performance VI (pp. 573-603). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlaum.

Schmitt, Norbert and Mc Carthey, Micael. (1997). Vocabulary in language Teaching, USA: Cambridge University press

Seipel, Benjamin. (2011). The Role of Implicit Learning in Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition while Reading. Unpublished Disssertation. Minnesota:The University of Minnesota

S. H. Burton, (1982). “Mastering English Language,” London: The Macmillan Press Ltd

Yoshii, Makoto and Jeffra, Faitz. (2002). Second Language Incidental Vocabulary Retention: The Effect of Text and Picture Annotation Types. CALICO Journal,20(1),33-58

Yoshii, Makoto. (2006). L1 And L2 Glosses: Their Effects On Incidental Vocabulary Learning. Language Learning & Technology,10(3),85-101


Elite English and Literature Journal is indexed by


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN Print: 2355-0821 ISSN Online: 2580-5215

Jln. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36 Romangpolong, Samata, Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan