YORUBA CULTURE INFLUENCE INTO CONTEMPORARY STAGE THROUGH WOLE SOYINKA’S THE SWAMP DWELLERS

Muhammad Baihaqi, Muhammad Yakob

Abstract


This paper aims to observe the full development of literature on the African continent through special attention to a world-leading literary scholar from Africa, Wole Soyinka with his masterpiece drama the Swanp Dwellers. This paper also explore the history of the greatness of Wole Soyinka who continually nurtured Yoruba cultural traditions through her works. More interestingly, the description of Yoruba culture is not only seen in his works, but also has colored the life of the author himself. Although his mind and personality were influenced by the outside world when he continued his studies in the United Kingdom, his love and love for local cultural traditions, especially Yoruba culture, remained something to be prioritized. The method used is descriptive qualitative by using content analysis approach . The result of the research shown that the Yoruba culture with contemporary stage reflected into swamp dweller drama and had been influenced others cultural  over the whole of Africa till now.

Keywords: Yoruba, Wole Soyinka, Swamp Dwellers

 

Abstrak

 

Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengamati secara utuh perkembangan  sastra di benua Afrika melalui perhatian khusus kepada seorang sarjana sastra terkemuka dunia yang berasal dari Afrika  yaitu Wole Soyinka dengan drama terkenalnya the Swamp Dwellers.  Tulisan ini juga akan menelusuri sejarah kehebatan Wole Soyinka yang secara terus menerus menyuburkan tradisi budaya Yoruba melalui karya-karyanya. Lebih menarik lagi penjabaran budaya Yoruba tidak hanya terlihat pada karya-karyanya, namun juga telah mewarnai kehidupan pengarang itu sendiri . Walaupun pikiran dan pribadinya telah dipengaruhi oleh dunia luar sewaktu beliau melanjutkan studinya di United Kingdom, namun cinta dan rasa kasihnya kepada tradisi budaya setempat terutama budaya Yoruba tetap menjadi sesuatu yang harus diutamakan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif melalui pendekatan content analisis. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa budaya Yoruba dengan latar kontemporer tergambarkan melalui drama swamp dweller yang ditulis oleh Wole Soyinka dan juga telah mempengaruhi budaya lainnya di afrika hingga saat ini..

 

Kata kunci: Yoruba , Wole Soyinka, Swamp Dweller



Keywords


Yoruba, Wole Soyinka, Swamp Dwellers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Banham, Martin and Clive Wake. 1976. “African Theatre Today”. London: Pitman Publishing

Goodenough, W.H. 1971 “Culture, Language, and Society”. McCaleb Module in Anthropology. Reading, Mass: Addison - Wesley.

Holsti, Ole R. 1969. “Content Analysis for the Social Science and Humanities Reading”. Massachusetts : Addison – Westley Publishing

Jones, Eldred Durosimi. 1973. “The Writing of Wole Soyinka”. London: Heinemann

Katamba, Francis. 1975. “Death and Man in the Earlier Works of Wole Soyinka,” The Journal of Commonwealth Literature April: 63-71

Killam, G.D, (ed). 1973. “African Writers on African Writing”. London: Heinemann

Krippendorff, Klaus. 1980. “Analisis Isi: Pengantar Teori dan Metodologi “ (alih bhs. Farid Wajidi). Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Levi-Strauss, C. 1971 “Mythologiques”, IV: L'homme Nu. Paris: Plon.

Moore, Gerald, 1971. “Wole Soyinka: Modern African Writers”. London: Evans Brothers Limited

Noureiddin, Haris Abdulwahab. 2011. “ The Absurd in Wole Soyinka's The Swamp Dwellers and The Road” JKAU: Arts and Humanities., Vol. 19 No. 1, pp: 251-275

Rahman, Muhammad Musfiqur. 2014. “Instances of powerful family bond in Soyinka’s The Swamp Dwellers”. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 19, Issue 4, Ver. I (Apr. 2014), PP 01-04

Soyinka, Wole. 1969. “Three Short Plays: The Swamp Dwellers, the Trials of Brother Jero, the Strong Breed”. London: Oxford University Press

Sugiono. 2012. “ Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R& D” Bandung: Alfabeta

Syaodih, Nana Sukmadinata. 2005. “Metode Penelitian Pendidikan”. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya

Wastberg, Per (ed) 1968. “The Writer in Modern Africa”. Uppsala: The Scandinavian Institute of African Studies

White, Anthony Graham. 1974. “The Drama of Black Africa”. London: Samuel French

Wright, Edgar. 1973. “The Critical Evaluation of African Literature”. London: Heinemann




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/elite.v6i1a2

Elite English and Literature Journal is indexed by

   

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN Print: 2355-0821 ISSN Online: 2580-5215

Jln. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36 Romangpolong, Samata, Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan
Email: elitejournal@uin-alauddin.ac.id