Ketahanan Tubuh dan Performa Puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica) dengan Pemberian Jus Bunga Kasumba Turate (Carthamus tinctorius L)

Khusnul Khatimah, Niken Ulupi, Sri Purwanti

Abstract


Stres panas menyebabkan puyuh mengalami stres oksidatif. Stres oksidatif menyebabkan puyuh rentan terhadap infeksi bakteri dan juga akan berpengaruh pada performanya. Stres oksidatif dapat diatasi dengan penambahan antioksidan. Salah satu sumber antioksidan alami adalah bunga kasumba turate. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis ketahanan dan performan puyuh yang diberi jus bunga kasumba turate. Materi penelitian ini terdiri dari sari bunga kasumba turate dan puyuh. Penelitian ini terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan dengan P0: 100 mL air minum tanpa JBKT (Kontrol), P1: JBKT 0,25 mg/mL dalam 100 mL air minum, P2: JBKT 0,75 mg/mL dalam 100 mL air minum, P3: JBKT 1,25 mg/mL dalam 100 mL air minum. Hasil penelitian tingkat stres menunjukkan bahwa rasio H/L P1, P2 dan P3 lebih rendah dari P0. Hasil uji clearance menunjukkan bahwa mortalitas bakteri Salmonella pullorum mencapai 67,7%. Pemberian JBKT tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap konsumsi pakan dan pertambahan bobot badan. Nilai konversi pakan pada perlakuan P1, P2 dan P3 lebih baik dari pada P0. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa Pemberian jus bunga kasumba turate pada puyuh mampu memperbaiki ketahanan tubuh terhadap panas lingkungan, terhadap infeksi bakteri dan performa pertumbuhan. Konsentrasi 0,25 mg/100 mL JBKT mampu membunuh bakteri S.pullorum tertinggi dan menghasilkan keefisienan pakan terbaik.

 

Kata kunci : Bunga Kasumba Turate, Ketahanan, Performa

 

ABSTRACT

Heat stress causes quail to experience oxidative stress. Oxidative stress can make quail susceptible to bacterial infections which will also affect their performance. Oxidative stress can be overcome with the addition of antioxidants. One of the natural sources of antioxidants is the kasumba turate flower. The purpose of this study was to analyze the resistance and performance of quails that were given the flower juice of kasumba turate L). The material of this study consisted of kasumba turate flower juice and quail. This study consisted of 4 treatments and 4 replications with P0: 100 mL of drinking water without JBKT (Control), P1: JBKT 0,25 mg/mL in 100 mL of drinking water, P2: JBKT 0,75 mg/mL in 100 mL of drinking water, P3: JBKT 1,25 mg/mL in 100 mL drinking water. The results of the research on stress levels showed that the H/L ratio P1, P2 and P3 were lower than P0. The clearance test showed that the mortality rate for Salmonella pullorum bacteria reached 67,7%. The provision of JBKT did not significantly affect feed consumption and body weight gain. The feed conversion values of treatment P1, P2 and P3 were better than P0. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the application of kasumba turate flower juice to quails can improve the body's resistance to environmental heat, against bacterial infections and growth performance. The concentration of 0,25 mg/100 mL JBKT was able to kill the highest S.pullorum bacteria and produce the best feed efficiency.

Keywords: Kasumba Turate Flower, Performance, Resistance

Keywords


Kasumba Turate Flower, Performance, Resistance

References


Al-Jaber, N., Awaad, A., and Moses, J. 2011. Review on some antioxidant plants growing in Arab world. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 15(4), 293–307.

Asiyah, N., Sunarti, D., dan Atmomarsono, U. 2013. Performa burung puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica) umur 3 sampai 6 minggu dengan pola pemberian pakan bebas pilih (free choice feeding). Animal Agriculture Journal, 2(1), 497–502.

Cai, Y., Luo, Q., Sun M, and Corke, H. 2003. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds of 112 traditional chinese medicinal plants associated with anticancer. Life Science, 74(17), 2157–84.

Campbell, T.W., and Ellis C. 2012. Hematology of Birds. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Candrawati, S. 2013. Pengaruh aktivitas fisik terhadap stres oksidatif. Mandala of Health, 6(1), 454–61.

Chengaiah, B., Rao, K.M., Kumar, K.M., Alagusundaram, M., and Chetty, C.M. 2010. Medicinal importance of natural dyes: a review. International Journal of Pharm Tech Research, 2(1), 144–54.

Davis, A.K., Maney, D.L., and Maerz, J.C. 2008. The useof leukocyte profiles to measure stress invertebrates: a review for ecologists. Functional Ecology, 22(5), 760–72.

Dewi, S.H., dan Setiohadi, J. 2010. Pemanfaatan tepung pupa ulat sutrera (Bombyx mori) untuk pakan puyuh (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) jantan. Jurnal Agri Sains. 1(1) :1–6.

Emadi, M., and Kermanshahi, H. 2007. Effect of turmeric rhizome powder on the activity of some blood enzymes in the broiler chickens. International Journal Poultry Science, 6(1), 48–51.

Gautam, S., Sameer, Bhagyawant, S., and Srivastava, N. 2014. Detailed study on therapeutic properties, uses and pharmacological applications of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research, 2(3), 5–16.

Gu, H.X., Li, S.S., and Lin H. 2008. Effects of hot environment and dietary protein level on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens . Journal Animal Science, 21(11), 1616-23.

Hamsidi, R., Widyawaruyanti, A., Hafid, A.F., Ekasari, W., Malaka, M.H., Kasmawati, H., Akib, N.I., Wahyuni, W., dan Sabarudin, S. 2018. Profil fitokimia ekstrak etanol bunga kasumba turate (Carthamus tinctorius L.) yang berpotensi sebagai antimalaria. Jurnal Farmasi, Sains, dan Kesehatan, 4(2), 40–42.

Harborne, J.B. 2006. Metode Fitokimia: Penuntun Cara Modern Menganalisis Tumbuhan Ed ke-4. Padmawinata K, Soediro I, Penerjemah. Penerbit ITB, Bandung.

Jackson, G.J., Madden, J.M., Hill, W.E., and Klontz, K.C. 1998. Investigation of Food Implicated in Illness. In: Bacteriological Analytical Manual. AOAC International published, New Hampshire Ave Silver Spring.

Krishnaiah, D., Sarbatly, R., and Nithyanandam, R. 2011. A review of the antioxidant of medicinal plants species. Journal Food Bioproduction Process, 89(3), 217–33.

Mattjik, A.A., dan Sumertajaya, M. 2006. Perancangan Percobaan dengan Aplikasi SAS dan Minitab. Ed ke-3. IPB Press, Bogor.

McCance, K.L., and Huether, S.E. 2018. Pathophysiology-E-book: the biologic basis for disease in adults and children. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Ningrumsari, I., dan Herlinawati, L. 2018. Viabilitas Lactobacillus acidophilus dalam pakan ayam broiler untuk menghambat penyakit pullorum. Majalah Ilmiah UNIKOM, 16(1), 47–52.

Nurrofingah,U., Sumiati, dan Retnani, Y. 2017. Evaluasi aktivitas antioksidan jus kulit nanas dengan Ransum berbeda terhadap performa Puyuh (Cortunix cortunix japonica). Buletin Makanan Ternak, 104(1), 30–44.

Poernomo, J.S. 2004. Variasi tipe antigen Salmonella pullorum yang ditemukan di Indonesia dan penyebaran serotype Salmonella pada ternak. Wartazoa, 14(4), 143–59.

Purnomo, D., Sugiharto, S., dan Isroli, I. 2015. Total leukosit dan diferensial leukosit darah ayam broiler akibat penggunaan tepung onggok fermentasi Rhizopus oryzae pada ransum. Indonesian Journal of Animal Science, 25(3), 59–68.

Rao, S.V., Rama, D., Nagalakshmi, and Reddy, V.R. 2002. Feeding to minimise heat stress. Poultry International. 41(7), 30–3.

Rohman, F., Handarini, R., dan Nur, H. 2018. Performa burung puyuh (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) periode pertumbuhan yang diberi larutan daun kelor. Jurnal Peternakan Nusantara, 4(2), 75–82.

Rokhmana, L.D., Estiningdriati, I., dan Murningsih, W. 2013. Pengaruh penambahan bangle (Zingiber cassumunar) dalam ransum terhadap bobot absolut bursa fabricius dan rasio heterofil limfosit ayam broiler. Animal Agriculture Journal, 2(1), 362-69.

Rudzinska., Magdalena, Korczak, Jozef, Gramza, Anna, Wasowicz, Erwin, Dutta, and Paresh. 2008. Inhibition of Stigmasterol Oxidation by Antioxidants in Purified Sunflower Oil. Journal of AOAC International, 87(2), 499–504.

Santi, S.R., dan Sukadana, I.M. 2015. Aktivitas antioksidan total flavonoid dan fenol kulit batang gayam (Inocarpus fagiferus Fosb). Jurnal Kimia, 9(2), 160–168.

Sari, C.S., Isroli, dan Atmomarsono, U. Pengaruh penambahan tepung rimpang temu kunci (Boesenbergia pandurata ROXB) dalam ransum terhadap ketahanan tubuh ayam broiler. Animal Agriculture Journal, 3(2), 106–12.

Sarica, S., Demir, O., and Hakan, O. 2015. The effectsof dietary oleuropein and organic selenium supplementation on performance and heatshock protein 70 response of brain in heat-stressed quail. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 14(2), 226–32.

Sritharet, N. 2002. Effect of heat stress on histological features in pituicytes and hepatocytes, and enzyme activities of liver and blood plasma in japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Journal of Poultry Science, 39(2), 167–78.

Sumardika, I.W., dan Jawi, I.M. 2011. Ekstrak air daun ubijalar ungu memperbaiki profil lipid dan meningkatkan kadar SOD darah tikus yang diberi makanan tinggi kolesterol. Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran, 43(2), 67–70.

Syahruddin, E., Herawaty, R., dan R. Yoki. 2013. Pengaruh vitamin C dalam kulit buah nanas (Ananas comosus L. Merr) terhadap hormone tiroksin dan antistres pada ayam broiler di daerah tropis. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner,18(1),17–26.

Tamzil, M.H., Noor R.R., Hardjosworo, P.S., Manalu, W., dan Sumantri, C. 2013. Keragaman gen heat shockprotein 70 ayam Kampung, ayam Arab dan ayam Ras. Jurnal Veteriner, 14(3), 317–326.

Teodoro, G.R., Ellepola, K., Seneviratne, C.J., and Koga-Ito, C.Y. 2015. Potential use of phenolic acids as anti-candida agents: A Review. Frontier in Microbiology, 6, 1–11.

Werdhasari, A. 2014. Peran antioksidan bagi kesehatan. Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia, 3(2), 59–68.

Widyastuti, W., Mardiati, S.M., dan Saraswati, T.R. 2014. Pertumbuhan puyuh (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) setelah pemberian tepung kunyit (Curcuma longa L.) pada pakan. Buletin Anatomi dan Fisiologi. 22(2), 12–20.

Zahro, L., dan Rudiana A. 2013. Uji Efektivitas Antibakteri ekstrak kasar saponin jamur tiram putih (Pleurotus ostreatus) terhadap Staphylococcus aureus dan Escherichia coli. Jurnal Kimia Universitas Negeri Surabaya, 2(3), 120 –29.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/jiip.v7i1.21104

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmu dan Industri Peternakan by Indexing:

          

 

pISSN 2355-0732

eISSN 2716-2222

 

OFFICIAL ADDRESS
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Science and Technology of Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar. Jl. HM. Yasin Limpo 36 Samata, Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. 92113

E-mail: jiip@uin-alauddin.ac.id

  Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License