PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA DENGAN PENDEKATAN REALISTIK

St. Hasmiah Mustamin

Abstract


Abstrak:

Salah satu pembelajaran matematika yang berorientasi pada matematisasi pe­nga­la­man sehari-hari dan menerapkan matematika dalam kehidupan sehari-hari ada­lah pembelajaran matematika realistik. Pembelajaran mate­ma­tika dengan pen­dekatan realistik adalah pendekatan pembelajaran yang menggunakan ma­sa­lah sehari-hari sebagai sumber inspirasidalam pembentukan konsep dan me­ng­ap­­likasikan konsep-konsep tersebut atau bisa dikatakan suatu pembelajaran ma­tematika yang berdasarkan pada hal-hal nyata atau real bagi siswa dan mengacu pa­da konstruktivis sosial. Pengembangan pembelajaran matematika dengan pen­dekatan realistik meru­­pakan salah satu usaha meningkatkan kemampuan siswa me­ma­ha­mi matematika dan memberikan kesempatan kepada siswa untuk mene­mu­­kan kembali dan merekonstruksi konsep-konsep matematika, sehingga siswa mem­punyai pengertian kuat tentang konsep-konsep matematika. Usaha-usaha ini dilakukan sehubungan dengan adanya perbedaan antara ‘materi’ yang dicita-ci­takan oleh kurikulum tertulis (intended curriculum) dengan ‘materi yang di­ajar­kan’ (implemented curriculum), serta perbedaan antara ‘materi yang diajarkan’ de­ngan materi yang ‘dipelajari siswa’ (realized curriculum). Pembelajaran matematika de­ngan pendekatan realistik mem­­beri­kan kesempatan kepada siswa untuk menemukan kem­bali dan mere­kon­struksi konsep-konsep matematika, sehingga siswa mempunyai pe­ngertian kuat tentang konsep-konsep matematika.

Abstract:

One of the mathematical learning that is oriented to the mathematization of every­day experiences and applying mathematics in everyday life is realistic ma­the­matics instruction. The mathematics instruction with realistic approach is an instructional ap­proach that uses daily problems as a source of inspiration in the formation of con­cepts and apply the concepts or can be said a mathematics instruction based on the real things that refers to the social constructivist. The development of instructional mathematics with a realistic approach is one effort to improve students' abi­lity for understanding mathematics and provide opportunities for students to reconstruct mathematical concepts, so students have a strong un­ders­tanding of the mathematical concepts. These efforts are made in relation to the dif­ference between the 'material' aspired by written curriculum (the intended cur­riculum) and taught material (implemented curriculum), and the difference bet­ween taught material and students learned material (realized curriculum). Ma­the­matical learning with a realistic approach enables students to rediscover and re­construct mathematical concepts, so that students have a strong understanding of mathematical concepts.

Keywords


Pembelajaran Matematika; Pendekatan Realistik

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/lp.2017v20n2i8

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