HEALING LANDSCAPES: THE EFFECTS OF ITS PARAMETERS ON DIFFERENT GENDER (CASE STUDY: ERAM GARDEN & AZADI PARK OF SHIRAZ-IRAN)

Mina Razmara, Hajar Asadpour, Malihe Taghipour

Abstract


Abstrak_ Lanskap penyembuhan menciptakan ruang yang membantu orang mengurangi stres dan meningkatkan kesehatan mental mereka. Dalam budaya Iran, taman bersejarah serta taman kota (dalam beberapa dekade terakhir) dapat bermanfaat untuk menciptakan lanskap penyembuhan. Mempertimbangkan model Canter Place, parameter lanskap penyembuhan disajikan dalam bentuk tiga dimensi: fungsional, persepsi-semantik, dan fisik-visual. Karena pria dan wanita berperilaku berbeda dalam menghadapi lingkungan mereka, penelitian ini mengevaluasi bagaimana taman Persia dan taman kota berpengaruh (dengan dua pola struktural yang berbeda) di antara pria dan wanita. Metode penelitian adalah kuantitatif, dan data dikumpulkan dengan teknik kuesioner. Kemudian, analisis varian variabel Unianova tunggal dalam perangkat lunak SPSS 23 digunakan untuk mengevaluasi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan dalam persepsi dimensi dalam penyembuhan antara pria dan wanita. Pemahaman seorang wanita tentang dimensi penyembuhan persepsi-semantik dan fungsional di Azadi Park berbeda dan kurang dari pria. Di Taman Eram, tidak seperti Taman Azadi, tidak banyak perbedaan antara kegiatan pria atau wanita. Secara umum, umpan balik wanita lebih rendah daripada pria, pada parameter penyembuhan lingkungan Azadi Park (struktur lanskap organik). Oleh karena itu, perlu untuk lebih memperhatikan inklusivitas gender dari lanskap penyembuhan perkotaan dalam desain.

Kata kunci : Lanskap Penyembuhan; Taman Persia; Taman Kota; Taman Shiraz Eram; Jenis Kelamin.

 

Abstract_ Healing Landscapes are spaces that help people to reduce their stress and improve their mental health. In Iranian culture, historic gardens and urban parks (in recent decades) can be useful to create healing landscapes. Considering the Canter Place model, the parameters of landscape healing presented in the form of three dimensions: functional, perceptual-semantic, and physical-visual. Since men and women behave differently in dealing with their surroundings, this research evaluates how Persian gardens and urban parks effect (with two different structural patterns) among men and women. The research method was quantitative, and data gathered by the questionnaire technique. Then, Unianova single-variable analysis of variance test in SPSS 23 software was used to evaluate the data. The results indicated no difference in the perception of the physical-visual dimension of healing between men and women. A woman's understanding of the perceptional-semantic and functional dimension of healing in Azadi Park was different and less than men. In Eram Garden, unlike Azadi Park, there was not much difference between of men or women’s activities.  In general, women's feedback is lower than men, on the environment healing parameters of Azadi Park (organic landscape structure). Therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to the gender inclusiveness of urban healing landscapes in design.

Keywords:  Healing Landscape; Persian Garden; Urban Park; Shiraz Eram Garden; Gender.


Keywords


Healing Landscape; Persian Garden; Urban Park; Shiraz Eram Garden; Gender.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdollahi, R., Aminzadeh, B., Shahcheraghi, A., & Etesam I. 2015. Developing the Components of Healing garden design in Iran and its Application in the Design of Urban Open Spaces. Urban Management, No. 39:317-345.

Alai, A. 2009. Diversity of Design in Historical Gardens of Shiraz. Soffeh, no. 49(19): 5-20.

Arianpour, A. 1986. A Study in Recognition of Iranian and Historical Gardens of Shiraz. Tehran: Farhangsara.

Ayala-Azcárraga, C. Diaz, D. & Zambrano L. 2019. Characteristics of Urban Parks and Their relation to User Well-Being. Landscape and Urban Planning, No.189: 27-35.

Canter, D. 1977. The psychology of place. London: St Martin'S Press.

Cooper Marcus, C., & Barnes, M. 1999. Healing Garden: Therapeutic Benefits and Design Recommendation. New York: John Wiley, and sons.

Divandari, J. & Emamian Z.S. 2016. The Role of Structural Elements of the Persian Garden in Mental Health. The Iioab Journal, No. 7:21-27.

Fairchild, H. R. 2011. Designing a Healing Garden For Three Patient Populations Based on Research, Theory, Observation, and Interviews. PhD Thesis, University of Georgia.

Gerlach-Spriggs, N., Kaufman, R.E., & Warner, S.B. 1998. Restorative Gardens: The Healing Landscape. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Göker, P. 2017. An Analysis of Water Features in Persian gardens; Bagh-e Shahzadeh. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, No. 8 (9): 661-664.

Han, K.T. 2010. An Exploration of Relationships Among the Responses to Natural Scenes: Scenic Beauty, Preference, and Restoration. Environment and Behavior. No. 42 (2): 243-270.

Horsburgh, C.R. 1995. Healing by Design. The New England Journal of Medicine. No. 333, 735-740.

Jeon, J.Y. & Hong, J.Y. 2015. Classification of urban park soundscapes through perceptions of the Acoustical Environments. Landscape and Urban Planning, No.141: 100-111.

Kabiri, B. & Balilan L.2015. The Analysis of The Iranian Garden-Therapy Process Based on The Perceptual Ecologic Theory. Journal of Art and Architecture. No.1 (1): 5-13.

Khoshouie, M.R. & Alborz, F. 2016. The Feasibility of Using Persian Garden Elements in Today’s Urban Areas toward Social Interaction Enhancement. Journal of school health. No.71 (3): 4-101.

Kim, D. & Jin, J. 2018. Does happiness data say urban parks are worth it?. Landscape And Urban Planning. No.178: 1-11.

Konijnendijk, C.C. Annerstedt, M. Nielsen A.B. & Maruthaveeran S. 2013. Benefits of Urban Parks: a Systematic Review. A report for IPFRA.

Marcus, C.C. 2000. Gardens and Health. International Academy for Design and Health. No.5: 61-69.

Mardomi, K. Mirhashemi, S. & Hassanpour, K. 2015. Persian Garden as Healing Garden an Approach with Islamic Influences. Journal of Research in Islamic Architecture. No.5: 67-81.

McDowell, C.F. & McDowell, T.C. 1998. The sanctuary garden. New York: Fireside book.

Momtaz, R.I. 2017. Healing Gardens-A Review of Design Guidelines. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology. No. 7 (5): 1871-1864.

Nili, R. Nile, R. & Soltanzadeh H. 2013. Studying the Application of Healing Landscapes in Persian Gardens. Journal of Bagh- E Nazar. No. 9 (23): 65-74.

Nourani Moghaddam, A. 2017. The Role of Urban Furniture in Citizenship / Comfort (Case Study: Kowsar Park Shirvan). Geography, Civil, and Urban Studies. No. 4(3): 1-13.

Pazhuhanfar, M. Mustafa kamal, M.S. Maulana, S. & Mariapan M. 2018. Relationship Between Predictors of Visual Preferences and Restorative Components Of The Urban Natural Landscape, Studies of Architecture. Urbanism and Environmental. Sciences Journal. No.1 (2): 79-85.

Pouya, S. 2017.Healing Gardens in The Megacities; an Example Of Tehran. Journal of Urban Academy, No.10 (2): 139-156.

Saeidian, N. Memarzia, K. Zakeri, S.M. & Habibi A. 2016. Comparative Study of Persian Garden Landscape Pattern Versus Four Kinds of Therapeutic Gardens. Journal of Urban Landscape Research, No. 2(4): 81-93.

Shahcheraghi, A. 2009. Analyzing The Perception Process of Persian Garden's Environment, According to The Ecologic Psychological Theory. Hoviat Shahr, No. 3(5): 71-84.

Shahcheraghi, A. 2015. Paradigms of Paradise, Recognition and Re-Creation of The Persian Garden. Tehran: Jahad Daneshgahi.

Soltanzadeh, H.2003. From Gardens To Public Yards (Park). Iranian Journal of Anthropology, No. 1(4): 91-113.

Stark, A. 2013. Creating an Outstanding Environment with Geomancy and Feng Shui: guidelines for Healing Gardens. Available at http://www.alexstark.com/guidlines/healing-gardens (accessed 15 July 2013)

Stigsdotter, U.A. 2005. Landscape Architecture and Health, Evidence-Based Health-Promoting Design, and Planning. Ph.D. Thesis, Department Of Landscape Planning Alarm, Swedish university of agricultural science.

Ulrich, R. S. 1999a. Effects of Gardens On Health Outcomes: Theory and Research. In C.

Ulrich, R.S. 1999b. Effects Of Interior Design on Wellness: Theory And Scientific Research. Journal Of Health Care Interior Design, No. 3: 97-109.

Vapaa, A.G. 2002. Healing Gardens: Creating Places for Restoration, Meditation, and Sanctuary. Ph.D. thesis. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/nature.v7i2a4

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


_____________________________________

SUPPORTED BY

 

INDEXED BY: See Google Scholar profile by clicking here.

              

Nature : National Academic Journal of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and TechnologyAlauddin Islamic State University of Makassar is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, p-ISSN: 2302-6073, e-ISSN: 2579-4809

Jl. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36, Gowa, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Phone : +6281-241-183-51, +6285-343-616-133, Post Office: 92113
Email  : jurnalnature@uin-alauddin.ac.id