TERITORIALITAS PADA RUANG PUBLIK DAN SEMI PUBLIK DI RUMAH SUSUN. STUDI KASUS RUMAH SUSUN KECAMATAN MARISO, MAKASSAR

Ratriana Said, Alfiah Alfiah

Abstract


Abstrak_ Penelitian dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya fenomena ketidaksesuaian jenis ruang yang tersedia di rumah susun dengan pemanfaatannya. Indikasi perubahan fungsi ruang ini terlihat dimana teritori publik dan semipublik banyak yang dimanfaatkan untuk kepentingan pribadi.Hal ini berpotensi menimbulkan konflik spatial, menurunkan kualitas fisik ruang dan kualitas kehidupan penghuninya sendiri.Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik pemanfaatan ruang dan teritorialitas yang terdapat di ruang publik dan semi publik sebagai fasilitas rumah susun.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan melakukan pemetaan perilaku penghuni terhadap ruangnya (place centered map), interview dan diklasifikasi secara deskriptif.Berdasarkan penelitian teridentifikasi sebanyak sembilan pola territory yang terbentuk berdasarkan pemanfaatan ruang dan perletakan benda pribadi yang sebagian besarnya ternyata terjadi pada area territory yang terdekat dengan unit hunian penghuni.

Kata kunci : Teritorialitas, Ruang Publik dan semipublik, Rumah Susun.

 

Abstract_ The study is motivated by the phenomenon of mismatchingbetween the facilities available and the utilization. This is indicated by the deviation of space function, where the public and semipublic territory mostly used for other personal purposes. It is also potentially lead to conflicts of spatial, reduce the quality of space and the quality life of residents.  The study purpose is to describe the characteristics of the space utilization and territoriality contained in the public and semi-public space as facilities flats. The method used is by mapping the residents’ behavior towards a space (place centered map), interviews and classified descriptively. The results of identification, there are  nine patterns of territory formed based on the utilization of space and the placement of personal objects and mostly occurred on the territory area which is close to residential unit.

Keywords : Territoriality, public and semipublic space, flats.


Keywords


Territoriality, public and semi public space, flats.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/nature.v4i2a5

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