OPTIMALISASI PENCAHAYAAN ALAMI DENGAN USEFUL DAYLIGHT ILLUMINANCE PADA DESAIN RUMAH TOKO (RUKO) DI KOTA LHOKSEUMAWE

Atthaillah Atthaillah, Amril Bakhtiar, Badriana Badriana

Abstract


Abstrak_Penelitian ini menawarkan proposal Rumah Toko (Ruko) di Kota Lhokseumawe yang ramah terhadap cahaya alami, sehingga berkonsekuensi langsung untuk pengurangan energi.  Metode yang digunakan adalah melakukan simulasi komputer dengan menggunakan antar muka Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, Ladybug dan Honeybee.  Climate based daylight modeling (CBDM) dengan metrik Useful Daylight Illuminance (UDI) digunakan untuk membuktikan pengoptimalan cahaya alami yang sesuai dengan Kota Lhokseumawe.  Metrik UDI digunakan pada studi ini karena beberapa alasan, pertama, metrik ini menggunakan data meteorologi lokasi spesifik untuk simulasi pengukuran sehingga hasil yang diharapkan lebih akurat sesuai dengan lokasi geografis objek penelitian.  Kedua, metrik ini membuat kategori batas tidak memenuhi karena kurang cahaya yaitu kurang dari 100 Lux, range optimal antara 100-2000 Lux serta batas kelebihan cahaya diatas 2000 Lux.  Hal ini tentunya mendukung analisa hasil yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan metrik Daylight Autonomy (DA) yang hanya menentukan batas bawah saja.  Diantara strategi-strategi yang kami implementasikan untuk memperbaiki kondisi pencahayaan alami adalah substraksi bangunan, efisiensi organisasi ruang, memberbesar window wall ratio (WWR), kulit ganda dan shading devices.  Hasil menunjukkan pencahayaan alami yang optimal dapat ditingkatkan dari 22 persen, pada Ruko eksisting, menjadi 73 persen per tahun pada desain proposal penelitian ini.

Kata Kunci: Pencahayaan Alami; Useful Daylight Illuminance (UDI); Ruko; Rhinoceros & Grasshopper; Ladybug & Honeybee

 

Abstract_ This study offered a daylight-friendly design of shophouse for Lhokseumawe, which it contributed to the immediate save of energy.  Method used was a computer simulation utilizing Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, Ladybug and Honeybee.  Climate based daylight modeling(CBDM) with Useful Daylight Illuminance (UDI) metric was adopted as a proving ground for a daylight optimization specifically for Lhokseumawe.  The UDI metric utilized were for several reasons, firstly, the metric used meteorogical data for a certain location for the daylight simulation, thus, it represented a more accurate result for a specific geographical location of the study.  Secondly, the metric made categorization for dissatisfactory of low daylight availability which was less than 100 Lux, the optimum range from 100 to 2000 Lux and excessive daylighting availability which falled above 2000 Lux.  Obviously, this supported a better analysis result compare to a Daylight Autonomy (DA) which utilized the minimum limit of the daylight for evaluation.  Among design strategies that implemented for a daylight-friendly design were building mass substraction, efficient space organization, enlarged window wall ratio (WWR), double skin and shading devices.  Result showed daylight optimization was improved from 22 percents, in an existing shophouse, to 73 percents annually with the proposal from this study. 

Keywords: Daylighting; Useful Daylight Illuminance (UDI); Shophouse, Rhinoceros & Grasshoppe;, Ladybug & Honeybee.


Keywords


Pencahayaan Alami; Useful Daylight Illuminance (UDI); Ruko; Rhinoceros & Grasshopper; Ladybug & Honeybee

References


Abu-Dakka, Moana Ghazi. 2009. “The Use of Useful Daylight Illuminance (UDI) to Test New Designs for Improving Daylight Performance of Office Buildings in Dubai-UAE.” The British University in Dubai. https://bspace.buid.ac.ae/bitstream/1234/115/1/60032.pdf.

Andarini, Rahmi, H Schranzhofer, W Streicher, and A K Pratiwi. 2009. “Thermal Simulation and Cooling Energy Sensitivity Analysis of a Typical Shophouse in Jakarta, Indonesia.” In Eleventh International IBPSA Conference, 1887–93. Glasgow. http://ibpsa.org/proceedings/BS2009/BS09_1887_1893.pdf.

Anderson, Kjell. 2014. Design Energy Simulation for Architects. New York: Routledge.

Atthaillah, Suhartina Wijayanti, and Soraya Masthura Hassan. 2018. “Simulasi Desain Fasad Optimal Terhadap Pencahayaan Alami Pada Gedung Prodi Arsitektur Universitas Malikussaleh.” EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture 4 (1): 21–29. https://doi.org/10.29080/emara.v4i1.228.

Dewi, Cynthia Permata, Rong -Yau Huang, and Agung Murti Nugroho. 2013. “Strategi Double Skin Fasade Pada Bangunan Kampus National Central University Dalam Menurunkan Kebutuhan Energi Pendinginan.” Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies 11 (2): 51–59. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ruas.2013.011.02.6.

Dora, Purnama Esa, and Poppy Firtatwentyna Nilasari. 2011. “Pemanfaatan Pencahayaan Alami Pada Rumah Tinggal Tipe Townhouse Di Surabaya.” In Seminar Nasional Living Green: Mensinergikan Kehidupan, Mewujudkan Keberlanjutan. Surabaya. http://repository.petra.ac.id/15247/.

Erlendsson, Örn. 2014. “Daylight Optimization: A Parametric Study of Atrium Design.” Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:723644/FULLTEXT01.pdf.

Fernández, Esquivias, Moreno Rangel, and Fernández Expósito. 2014. “Dynamic Daylight Simulation: New Technics and Metrics to Study Strategies to Reduce Lighting Energy Consumption.” In Proceedings of the II International and IV National Congress on Sustainable Construction and EcoEfficient Solutions. https://idus.us.es/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11441/59614/59.pdf?sequence=1.

Groat, Linda, and David Wang. 2013. Architectural Research Method. 2nd ed. Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Lechner, Norberg. 2007. Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Strategi Desain Untuk Arsitektur. 2nd ed. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Mangkuto, Rizki A, and F.X. Nugroho Soelami. 2014. “A Pilot Study for Assessing Daylight Availability Metrics in Indonesia.” In International Conference on the 15th SENVAR (Sustainable Environmental Architecture) and the 2nd AVAN (Asian Vernacular Architecture Network. Makassar.

Matterson, Maria Leandra González, Ortiz Joana Ferra, Jaume Salom, and Jorge Higuera Portilla. 2013. “Dynamic Daylight Simulation and Visual Comfort Survey in Mediterranean Climate. Case Study in Office Building.” In 13th Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association, 3010–18. www.irec.cat.

Moreno, Maria Beatriz Piderit, and Constanza Yanez Labarca. 2015. “Methodology for Assessing Daylighting Design Strategies in Classroom with a Climate-Based Method.” Sustainability (Switzerland) 7 (1): 880–97. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7010880.

Nabil, A., and J. Mardaljevic. 2005. “Useful Daylight Illuminances: A New Paradigm for Assessing Daylight in Building.” Lighting Research and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1191/1365782805li128oa.

Roudsari, Mostapha Sadeghipour, and Michelle Pak. 2013. “Ladybug: A Parametric Environmental Plugin For Grasshopper to Help Designers Create An Environmentally-Conscious Design.” In 13th Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association, 3128–35. Chambery.

SNI 03-6197, Anonymous. 2000. “Konservasi Energi Pada Sistem Pencahayaan.” Jakarta: Badan Standardisasi Nasional.

Sugiharto, Nathalia Yunita. 2017. “Perbandingan Desain Ruko Di Indonesia Ditinjau Dari Aspek Sosial Dan Pembentukan Komunitas.” ARTEKS, Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur 1 (2): 161–70. https://journal.unwira.ac.id/index.php/ARTEKS/article/view/131/58.

Tedeschi, Arturo. 2014. AAD-Algorithms-Aided Design: Parametric Strategies Using Grasshopper. Brienza: Le Penseur.

Vichuda, M, C Pipat, and R Pattana. 2014. “An Enhancement of The Daylighting From Side-Window Using Two-Section Venetian Blind.” In 5th International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE 2014), 362–67.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/nature.v6i1a2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


_____________________________________

SUPPORTED BY

 

INDEXED BY: See Google Scholar profile by clicking here.

               

Nature : National Academic Journal of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and TechnologyAlauddin Islamic State University of Makassar is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, p-ISSN: 2302-6073, e-ISSN: 2579-4809

Jl. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36, Gowa, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Phone : +6281-241-183-51, +6285-343-616-133, Post Office: 92113
Email  : jurnalnature@uin-alauddin.ac.id