Khulafa Al-Rasyidin (Dinamika Sosial Politik dan Dakwah Islam)

  • Susmihara Susmihara Dosen/ Wakil Dekan II di FAH UIN Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)

Abstract

The election of Abu Bakr as the Caliph is on the basis of democracy. Baiat generally performed better than the Muhajirin and Ansar. He managed to fight the apostates and the liar who claim to be prophet, so the transition is successfully passed by the Caliphs. Appointment of Umar ibn al-Khattab instead of Abu Bakar also complies with the constitution because through deliberation that does not use an authoritarian system. During his reign, Umar managed to bring the glory of Islam and set the state administration into an ideal shape. Usman ibn Affan elected as Khalifah based system acclamation. Attainment Usman in the lead and the softness of his heart without realizing opportunities influx of calumny at the end of his leadership that led to his killing. While accusations of nepotism addressed to Usman totally unwarranted and can be rejected. Ali ibn Abi Talib reigns at a difficult time in which the split occurs in the body of the people. Ijtihad difference in demanding justice for the murder Usman is the main cause of the civil war, not because of a power struggle.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Kandahlawi, Muhammad Yusuf. Mukhtasar Hayah Al-Sahabah, Diterjemahkan Oleh Kathur Suhardi Dengan Judul Sirah Shahabat. Cet. I; Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 1998.

Al-Khamis, Utsman Ibn Muhammad. Hiqbah Min Al-Tarikh. Cet. I; Kairo: Maktabah Al-Imam Al-Bukhari, 2006.

Al-Najjar, Abd Al-Wahhab. Al-Khulafa’ Al-Rasyidun. Cet.I; Beirut: Dar Al-Qutb, 1987.

Al-Quraibi, Ibrahim. Al-Syifa’ Fi Al-Tarikh Al-Khulafa’, Diterjemahkan Faris Khairul Anam Dengan Judul Tarikh Khulafa. Cet. I; Jakarta: Qisthi Press, 2009.

Al-Sallaby, Ahmad . Mausu’ah Al-Tarikh Al-Islami Wa Al-Hadarah Al-Islamiyyah, Jilid I. Cet. VIII; Kairo: Maktabah Al-Nahdah, 1978)

Al-Tamawi, Sulaiman Muhammad. ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab. Cet.II; Cairo,t.p.,1996.

Al-Umri, Akram Diya. Asr Al-Khilafah Al-Rashidah. Cet. I;Madinah: Maktabah Al-Abikan, t.th.

Amhazun, Muhammad. Tahqiq Mawaqif Al-Sahabah Fi Al-Fitnah. (Cet. II; Kairo; Dar Al-Salam, 2007.

Hisyam, Ibnu. Al-Sirah Al-Nabawiyyah, Jilid I. Beirut; Dar Al-Jil, 1987.

Kasir, Ibnu. Al-Bidayah Wa Al-Nihayah, Jilid VI. Cet. I; Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2001)

Hasan, Hasan Ibrahim. Tarikh Al-Islam, Jilid I. Cet. XIV; Kairo: Maktabah Al-Nahdah Al-Misriyyah, 1996).

Published
2015-12-25
How to Cite
Susmihara, S. (2015). Khulafa Al-Rasyidin (Dinamika Sosial Politik dan Dakwah Islam). Jurnal Adabiyah, 15(2), 141-155. Retrieved from https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/adabiyah/article/view/699
Abstract viewed = 1975 times