Analisis Kandungan Vitamin Pada Melon (Cucumis melo L.) Kultivar Melodi Gama 1 dan Melon Komersial
AbstractAs many as 50 million people worldwide are currently experiencing a deficiency of vitamin A and about 250000-500000 malnourished children in developing countries become blind each year from vitamin A deficiency, with the highest prevalence in Southeast Asia and Africa which will result in visual impairment, and increased child mortality and pregnant women. Melon can be one of the solutions for higher productivity and fruit may contain carotene (pro-vitamin A) with varying levels. In the years 2009-2011 Genetics laboratory, faculty of Biology UGM has produced a new melon cultivar called Melodi Gama 1 (MG 1). MG 1 phenotype has a rounded character with rather thick rind and hard, green and fleshy with a smooth orange flesh color. The purpose of this research was to study and analyze the nutritional content of MG 1 compared to commercial cultivars from multilocation and multiseason cultivation. The methods were used vitamin A quantitative analysis by extraction and spectrophotometer, whereas vitamin C in quantitative analysis using the iodine titration method. The results obtained in the analysis of total carotene in the dry season for the MG 1 has the highest value compared with 4 other commercial cultivars, it was 706.61 μg/100gr for cultivation in Yogyakarta and 292.16 μg/100gr for cultivation in Magetan. In the rainy season total carotene MG 1 was 59.88 μg/100gr for cultivation in Yogyakarta, and 20.76 μg/100gr for cultivation in Magetan. The results of the quantitative analysis of vitamin C MG 1 in the dry season was 7.50 mg/100gr for cultivation in Yogyakarta and 16.50 mg/100gr for cultivation in Magetan, while the rainy season was 8.55 mg/100gr for cultivation in Yogyakarta and 6.75 mg/100gr for cultivation in Magetan. Based on these results it can be concluded that the content of Vitamin A and C from Melodi Gama 1 cultivar is higher in the dry season than in the rainy season.
Copyright (c) 1970 Budi S Daryono, Sigit Dwi Maryanto, Sholihatun Nissa, Ganies Riza Aristya
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE STATEMENT
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing rights without restriction to their work. Users may read, download, copy, distribute, and print the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
LICENSE TO PUBLISH
The use of the article will be governed by the Creative Commons Attribution license as currently displayed on http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.
2. Author’s Warranties
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).
3. User Rights
Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the users are free to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content for any purpose, even commercially, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.
If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the corresponding author warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this statement.
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi may conform the article to a style of punctuation, spelling, capitalization, and usage that it deems appropriate. The author acknowledges that the article may be published so that it will be publicly accessible and such access will be free of charge for the readers.