Behavior Based Safety Implementation Using the DO IT Method at Pertamina in Makassar City

  • Alfina Baharuddin Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Suharni A. Fachrin Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Widya Eka Putri Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: do it method, health behavior, industry, observed, occupational health


The application of Behavior Based Safety (BBS) in an effort to reduce the potential risk of accidents has been widely applied in various industries. However, its application with the DO IT (Define, Observed, Intervene Test) method to change unsafe behavior is still rarely implemented. The purpose of the research is how to identify the stages of implementing Behavior Based Safety (BBS) with the DO IT method, what forms of intervention are given in an effort to modify worker behavior for Pertamina officers in of Makassar.  This type of research is quantitative with an observational approach. With behavior-based safety using the DO IT method Data collection is done by observation, reviewing documents, and interviews. The Observe stage is to observe the behavior that has been determined, obtained an initial score that the rate of PPE application among the workers was 66,6%. most workers had shown safe behavior (56,6%). Safety briefing was conducted at the Daily Section of the Pertamina. The results,  it  was  found  that,  with  regard  to  the compliance with operation procedure , most workers had shown safe behavior (53,3%).   Based on the research results, the DO IT method is an effective and efficient method for industries that do not yet have a good occupational safety and health management system in a company. This study recommends that companies apply the do it method and strengthen oversight and monitoring related to safety behavior in preventing work accidents and increasing employee work productivity.



Download data is not yet available.


Abella, A. A., Prasetyo, Y. T., Young, M. N., Nadlifatin, R., Persada, S. F., Redi, A. A. N. P., & Chuenyindee, T. (2023). The effect of positive reinforcement of behavioral-based safety on safety participation in Philippine coal-fired power plant workers: a partial least squares structural equation modeling approach. International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics, 29(3), 951-962.

Adi, E. N., Eliyana, A., & Hamidah. (2021). An empirical analysis of safety behaviour: A study in MRO business in Indonesia. Heliyon, 7(2), e06122.

Ahn, S., Lee, S., & Steel, R. P. (2013). Effects of Workers’ Social Learning: Focusing on Absence Behavior. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(8), 1015–1025.

Ajzen, I. (2020). The theory of planned behavior: Frequently asked questions. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 314-324. .

BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. (2019). Angka Kecelakaan Kerja Cenderung Meningkat, BPJS Ketenagakerjaan Bayar Santunan Rp1,2 Triliun

Curcuruto, M., Conchie, S. M., Mariani, M. G., & Violante, F. S. (2015). The role of prosocial and proactive safety behaviors in predicting safety performance. Safety Science, 80, 317–323.

Di Fabio, A., Palazzeschi, L., & Bucci, O. (2017). Gratitude in Organizations: A Contribution for Healthy Organizational Contexts. Frontiers in psychology, 8, 2025.

Golkar, A., Castro, V., & Olsson, A. (2015). Social learning of fear and safety is determined by the demonstrator’s racial group. Biology Letters, 11(1).

Guidetti, G.; Cortini, M.; Fantinelli, S.; Di Fiore, T.; Galanti, T. Safety Management and Wellbeing during COVID-19: A Pilot Study in the Manufactory Sector. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3981. ijerph19073981

Guo, B. H., Goh, Y. M., & Wong, K. L. X. (2018). A system dynamics view of a behavior-based safety program in the construction industry. Safety science, 104, 202-215.

Hadi, N. A. A., Tamrin, S. B. M., Guan, N. Y., How, V., & Rahman, R. A. (2017). D8-1 Association between Non-Reporting of Accident and Contributing Factors in Malaysia’s Construction Industry. The Japanese Journal of Ergonomics, 53(Supplement2), S648–S651.

International Labor Organization. (2018). Improving the Safety and Health of Young Workers. Geneva, Switzerland.

Kao, K. Y., Spitzmueller, C., Cigularov, K., & Thomas, C. L. (2019). Linking safety knowledge to safety behaviours: a moderated mediation of supervisor and worker safety attitudes. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28(2), 206–220.

Kim, S., Kim, P. B., & Lee, G. (2021). Predicting hospitality employees’ safety performance behaviors in the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 93, 102797.

Kirk, A., Meyer, J. M., Whisman, M. A., Deacon, B. J., & Arch, J. J. (2019). Safety behaviors, experiential avoidance, and anxiety: A path analysis approach. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 64(March), 9–15.

Knowles, K. A., & Olatunji, B. O. (2021). Anxiety and safety behavior usage during the COVID-19 pandemic: The prospective role of contamination fear. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 77, 102323.

Liu, S., Nkrumah, E. N. K., Akoto, L. S., Gyabeng, E., & Nkrumah, E. (2020). The state of occupational health and safety management frameworks (OHSMF) and occupational injuries and accidents in the Ghanaian oil and gas industry: Assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge. BioMed research international, 2020.

Mohajeri, M., Ardeshir, A., Banki, M. T., & Malekitabar, H. (2022). Discovering causality patterns of unsafe behavior leading to fall hazards on construction sites. International Journal of Construction Management, 22(15), 3034-3044.

Nawawi, I. (2017), Syarh Arbain An-Nawawiyah. Jakarta: Darus Sunnah Press

Nunu, W. N., Kativhu, T., & Moyo, P. (2018). An evaluation of the effectiveness of the Behaviour Based Safety Initiative card system at a cement manufacturing company in Zimbabwe. Safety and health at work, 9(3), 308-313.

Rusyda, H. M., & Abdul Aziz, S. F. (2021). The Development of Safety Behavior: A 30-Year Review. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences, 10(1), 46–71.

Sætrevik, B., & Hystad, S. W. (2017). Situation awareness as a determinant for unsafe actions and subjective risk assessment on offshore attendant vessels. Safety science, 93, 214-221.

Sharpe, L., Todd, Jemma., Scott, A., Gatzounis, R., Menzies, R. E., Meulders, A. (2022). Safety behaviors of safety precautions? The role of subtle avoidance in anxiety disorders in the context of chronic physical illness. Clinical Psychology Review, 92, 102126.

Thorvaldsen, T., Holmen, I. M., & Moe, H. K. (2015). The escape of fish from Norwegian fish farms: Causes, risks and the influence of organisational aspects. Marine Policy, 55, 33-38.

Toppazzini, M. A., & Wiener, K. K. K. (2017). Making workplaces safer: The influence of organisational climate and individual differences on safety behaviour. Heliyon, 3(6).

Uehli, K., Mehta, A. J., Miedinger, D., Hug, K., Schindler, C., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., & Künzli, N. (2014). Sleep problems and work injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep medicine reviews, 18(1), 61-73.

Vierendeels, G., Reniers, G., van Nunen, K., & Ponnet, K. (2018). An integrative conceptual framework for safety culture: The Egg Aggregated Model (TEAM) of safety culture. Safety science, 103, 323-339.

Wang, X., Xing, Y., Luo, L., & Yu, R. (2018). Evaluating the effectiveness of Behavior-Based Safety education methods for commercial vehicle drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 117, 114-120.

Xue, Y., Fan, Y., & Xie, X. (2020). Relation between senior managers’ safety leadership and safety behavior in the Chinese petrochemical industry. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 65, 104142..

Zhang, Y., Shao, W., Zhang, M., Li, H., Yin, S., & Xu, Y. (2016). Analysis 320 coal mine accidents using structural equation modeling with unsafe conditions of the rules and regulations as exogenous variables. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 92, 189-201.

How to Cite
Baharuddin, A., Fachrin, S. A., & Putri , W. E. (2023). Behavior Based Safety Implementation Using the DO IT Method at Pertamina in Makassar City. Diversity: Disease Preventive of Research Integrity, 4(1), 131-137.
Volume 4, Issue 1, 2023
Abstract viewed = 71 times