Al-Quran Recitation Therapy with Surah Ar-Rahman on Students' Sleep Quality: A Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Lantu Nurlela Department of Nusing, Indonesia University, Depok, Indonesia
    (ID)
  • Fujiasih Asih Department of Nusing, Indonesia University, Depok, Indonesia
    (ID)
  • Kurniawati Pindi Department of Nusing, Indonesia University, Depok, Indonesia
    (ID)
  • Syamsuriati Syamsuriati Department of Nusing, Indonesia University, Depok, Indonesia
    (ID)
Keywords: mental disorders, murottal al-quran, music therapy, sleep quality, students

Abstract

Sleep quality is the level of sleep satisfaction experienced by a person which includes the components of sleep quantity, sleep continuity, and fresh and fit when waking up. Poor sleep quality is associated with psychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Recitation (Murottal) Al- Quran Surah Ar-Rahman Therapy is the chanting of the holy verses of Al-Quran Surah Ar-Rahman which is given to someone to have a relaxing effect. The research was conducted on students using the randomized control trial experimental research method with pre and post approaches with the control group. The study was conducted on 36 respondents (18 respondents in the intervention group and 18 respondents in the control group). The results showed that there was an increase in sleep quality by 13.2% in the intervention group after therapy. The mean difference in sleep quality which showed an increase in sleep quality was 0.11 greater in the intervention group than the control group, but not significant (p=0.908, α=0.05). There was an increase in sleep quality for students after being given Murottal Al Quran Surah Ar-Rahman therapy. Further research is needed with a longer treatment time and it is necessary to study the factors that most influence the sleep quality of master students.

lantu.jpg

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anggraeni, D. N., Antari, I., & Arthica, R. (2023). Pengaruh Terapi Murottal Al-Qur’an Surah Ar-Rahman Terhadap Kualitas Tidur Lansia Di Upt Rumah Pelayanan Lanjut Usia Terlantar Budhi Dharma Yogyakarta. Journal of Health (JoH), 10(1), 079-085. https://doi.org/10.30590/joh.v10n1.577

Barnes, C. M., Guarana, C., Lee, J., & Kaur, E. (2023). Using wearable technology (closed loop acoustic stimulation) to improve sleep quality and work outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/apl0001077

Becker, S. P., Jarrett, M. A., Luebbe, A. M., Garner, A. A., Burns, G. L., & Kofler, M. J. (2018). Sleep in a large, multi-university sample of college students: sleep problem prevalence, sex differences, and mental health correlates. Sleep health, 4(2), 174-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2018.01.001

Dharma, K., K., (2019). Nursing Research Methodology. Jakarta: Trans Info Media

Girdhar, R., Srivastava, V., &; Sethi, S. (2020). Managing mental health issues among elderly during COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of geriatric care and research, 7(1), 32-35.

Henrich, L. C., Antypa, N., & Van den Berg, J. F. (2021). Sleep quality in students: Associations with psychological and lifestyle factors. Current Psychology, 42(6), 4601–4608. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01801-9

João, K. A. D. R., Jesus, S. N. de, Carmo, C., & Pinto, P. (2018). The impact of sleep quality on the mental health of a non-clinical population. Sleep Medicine, 46, 69–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.02.010

Kannan, M. A., Ab Aziz, N. A., Ab Rani, N. S., Abdullah, M. W., Rashid, M. H. M., Shab, M. S., & Muzaimi, M. (2022). A review of the holy Quran listening and its neural correlation for its potential as a psycho-spiritual therapy. Heliyon. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12308

Kavurmaci, M., Dayapoğlu, N., &; Tan, M. (2020). Effect of music therapy on sleep quality. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 26(4), 22–26.

Kubiszewski, V., Fontaine, R., Rusch, E., & Hazouard, E. (2014). Association between electronic media use and sleep habits: An eight-day follow-up study. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 19(3), 395-407. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2012.751039

Ming, X., Koransky, R., Kang, V., Buchman, S., Sarris, C. E., &; Wagner, G. C. (2011). Sleep insufficiency, sleep health problems and performance in high school students. Clinical Medicine Insights: Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine, 5(1), 71–79. https://doi.org/10.4137/CCRPM.S7955

Mirza, Iskandar. (2014). Healthy With the Quran. Bandung: Salamadani.

Noviyanti, N., Rahmi, R., Dewi, R., & Nurdahliana, N. (2021). Pemberian Terapi Murattal Al-Quran terhadap Kualitas Tidur Ibu Hamil Primigravida Trimester III. Jurnal Kebidanan Malahayati, 7(2), 287-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.33024/jkm.v7i2.3970

Nurani, R. D., Rochmawati, E., &; Nurchayati, N. (2019). The effectiveness of Qur'anic murottal therapy on sleep quality in hemodialysis patients. JHeS (Journal of Health Studies), 3(2), 78–85. https://doi.org/10.31101/jhes.525

Reis, C., Pilz, L. K., Keller, L. K., Paiva, T., & Roenneberg, T. (2020). Social timing influences sleep quality in patients with sleep disorders. Sleep Medicine, 71, 8–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2020.02.019

Rianti, K. I., Septadina, I. S., & Prananjaya, B. A. (2021). Holy Quran Recitation of Surah Al-Mulk and Al-Hasyr on Decreasing Anxiety In Medical Students. International Journal of Islamic and Complementary Medicine, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.55116/IJIM.V1I1.1

Riera-Sampol, A., Rodas, L., Martínez, S., Moir, H. J., & Tauler, P. (2022). Caffeine intake among undergraduate students: sex differences, sources, motivations, and associations with smoking status and self-reported sleep quality. nutrients, 14(8), 1661. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14081661

Rosyidul'Ibad, M., & Napik, A. M. (2021). Effect of Al-Qur’an Therapy on Anxiety Cancer Patients in Aisyiah Islamic Hospital Malang, Indonesia. Jurnal Keperawatan, 12(2), 156-162. https://doi.org/10.22219/jk.v12i2.13774

Ruiz-Zaldibar, C., Gal-Iglesias, B., Azpeleta-Noriega, C., Ruiz-López, M., &; Pérez-Manchón, D. (2022). The Effect of a Sleep Intervention on Sleep Quality in Nursing Students: Study Protocol for a Randomized Kontrolled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(21). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192113886

Sejbuk, M., Mirończuk-Chodakowska, I., & Witkowska, A. M. (2022). Sleep quality: a narrative review on nutrition, stimulants, and physical activity as important factors. Nutrients, 14(9), 1912. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091912

Sonang, S., Purba, A. T., &; Pardede, F. O. I. (2019). Grouping the number of population by age category by k-means method. Journal of Tekinkom (Information and Computer Engineering), 2(2), 166-172.

Sugiyono, (2017). Quantitative, qualitative and R&D research methods, Alfabeta Bandung

Sumaryani, S., &; Puspita Sari, P. I. (2015). Ar Rahman-Based Dysmenorrhea Gymnastic to Reduce Pain. Journal of Ners, 10(2), 360–365.

Supriyanti, E. (2021). Penerapan terapi murottal al-quran untuk mengatasi insomnia pada lansia. Jurnal Manajemen Asuhan Keperawatan, 5(1), 14-23. https://doi.org/10.33655/mak.v5i1.106

Tandon, A., Kaur, P., Dhir, A., & Mäntymäki, M. (2020). Sleepless due to social media? Investigating problematic sleep due to social media and social media sleep hygiene. Computers in human behavior, 113, 106487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106487

Vargas, P. A., Flores, M., & Robles, E. (2014). Sleep quality and body mass index in college students: the role of sleep disturbances. Journal of American college health: J of ACH, 62(8), 534–541. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2014.933344

Vargas, P. A., Flores, M., & Robles, E. (2014). Sleep quality and body mass index in college students: the role of sleep disturbances. Journal of American college health, 62(8), 534-541. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2014.933344

Wang, F., &; Bíró, É. (2021). Determinants of sleep quality in college students: A literature review. Explore, 17(2), 170–177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2020.11.003

Zunhammer, M., Eichhammer, P., & Busch, V. (2014). Sleep quality during exam stress: the role of alcohol, caffeine and nicotine. PloS one, 9(10), e109490. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109490

Published
2024-02-29
How to Cite
Nurlela, L., Asih, F., Pindi, K., & Syamsuriati, S. (2024). Al-Quran Recitation Therapy with Surah Ar-Rahman on Students’ Sleep Quality: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Diversity: Disease Preventive of Research Integrity, 4(2), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.24252/diversity.v4i2.45901
Abstract viewed = 87 times