Information Poverty: Kemiskinan Informasi dan Peranan Perpustakaan dalam Pengentasannya

Himayah Himayah

Abstract


Information and communication technology (ICT) plays an important role in classifying the world in information richand information poor. Poverty is not only limited information by "people who mastered the technology" and "people who do not master the technology". More complex phenomenon, including language and cultural diversity issues, level of education and the ability to access information and take advantage of that information. There are several factors that cause information poverty. Among othersare access to information , socio-economic factors and the factor of information infrastructure and information context of each individua . To overcome the problem, the solutionsare the presence of informationequality, and information literacy skills. Information literacy is a set of skills to know when an information is needed, and where the information located, evaluation and the use of the information effectively. Good library can play its role in nformation equality and sharing, by providing various forms of means of information and all of them can be freely and widely used by those who need it.


Keywords


Kemiskinan Informasi; Literasi Informasi; Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi.

References


Administrative Committee on Coordination, 1997. Statement on Universal Access to Basic Communication and Information Services.United Nations Publications, New York.

Dorner, Daniel G. dan G. E. Gorman, 2006. Information Literacy Education in Asian Developing Countries: cultural factors affecting curriculum development and programme delivery. IFLA Journal,

http://ifl.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/32/4/281 (diakses tanggal 28 Oktober 2009)

Britz, Johannes J. 2004.To Know or not to Know: A Moral Reflection on Information Poverty. Journalof Information Science,; 30; 192. http://jis.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/30/3/192 (diakses tanggal 28 Oktober 2009)

L.A. Lievrouw and S.E. Farb. 2003. Information and equity. In:B. Cronin (ed.), Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (ARIST), Vol. 37.Information Today,Medford, 499–538.

United Nations Development Programme. Poverty Report.United Nations Publications, New York, 1998.

World Bank. World Development Report. 1998. Knowledge for Development. World Bank, New York.

V. Nath, Heralding ICT Enabled Knowledge Societies. (Way Forward for the Developing Countries, 2001). http://www.cddc.vt.edu/knownet/articles/heralding.htm (21 Oktober 2009).


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