TEORI BIOLOGI TENTANG PERILAKU PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA

  • Wahyuni Ismail Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)

Abstract

This article aims to examine the theories of biologism related to risky behavior, especially the behavior of drug abuse from biologists are especially biologists of growth and brain development. The method used is literature research. Based on the results of literature research found there are 3 biological theories that can explain the validity of drug abuse behavior that is 1) genetic theory, 2) the theory of metabolic imbalance, and 3) brain biological theory. The implications of the study are expected to give the understanding that the biological state of the individual can influence the validity of drug abuse behavior

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Admin. (2015). NAPZA. Artikel. http://wakeriko.bolgspot.com/2011/11/napza.html.[28 November 2015]

Ahern, N. R., Ark, P. & Bayers, J. (2008). Resileince dan coping strategies in adolescents. Paediatric Nursing 20(10): 32-36.

Alcohol Health and Research World. (1995). The Genetics of Alcholism. Special Edition.

Badan Narkotikaa Nasional Republik Indonesia. (2013). Hasil Survey Nasional Penyalahgunaan dan Peredaran Gelap Narkoba pada Kumpulan Pelajar Dan Mahasiswa di 33 Propinsi di Indonesia tahun 2006.

Badan Narkotikaa Nasional Republik Indonesia. (2012). Data Kasus Narkoba di Indonesia 11 Tahun Terakhir. Jakarta. Badan Narkotikaa Nasional.

Badan Narkotikaa Nasional. (2007). Pencegahan Penyalahgunaan Narkoba sejak Usia Dini. Jakarta: Badan Narkotikaa Nasional.

Brown S. A, Tapert SF, Granholm E, & Delis, D.C. (2000). Neurocognitive functioning of adolescents: Effects of protracted alcohol use. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2000; 24:164–171.

Casey B.J, Jones R.M., & Hare T.A. (2008). The adolescent brain. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2008. 1124:111–126.

Casey B.J., Getz S., & Galvan, A. (2017). The adolescent brain. Curr Opin Bahavior Sciences. Feb; 13:164-170. doi: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.12.005.

Clark, D.B., & Winters, K.C. (2002). Measuring risks and outcomes in substance use disorders prevention research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2002; 70:1207–1223.

Daradjat, Z. (1993). Ilmu Jiwa Agama. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.

Departemen Sosial Republik Indonesia. (2007). Data Kesejahteraan Sosial. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kesejahteraan Sosial.

Departemen Kesihatan Republik Indonesia. (2002). Laporan Tahunan Kunjungan Pasien Rawat Jalan dan Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Ketergantungan Obat. Jakarta.

Dick, D.M. & Agrawal, A. (2008). The genetics of alcohol and other drug dependence. Alcohol Resesarch and Health 31(2): 111-118.

Furhmann, B.S. (1990). Adolescence-Adolescence. Ed. ke-2. Illinois: Scott Foresman and Company.

Furstenburg F. (2010). Passage to adulthood. The Prevention Researcher. 17(2):3–7.

George, R,L. (1990). Counseling the Chemical Dependent: Theory and Practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Giedd, JN. (2004). Structural magnetic resonance imaging of the adolescent brain. In: Dahl, RE.; Spear, LP. editors. Adolescent Brain Development: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities. Vol.1021. New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; 2004. p. 77-85.

Goode, E. (1999). Drugs in America Society. New York: McGraw-Hill College.

Gogtay, N., Giedd, JN., Luck, L., Hayashi, K.M., Greenstein, D., & Vaituzis, A.C, (2004). Dynamic mapping of human cortical development during childhood through early adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 101:8174–8179.

Hadjam, N. (1998). Koordinasi dalam rangka penyuluhan penanggulangan narkoba.proyek pembinaan kesejahteraan sosial tahun anggaran 1987/1988. Laporan Pelaksanaan Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

Handoyo, R.T. & Rusli, E. (2008). Hubungan komitmen beragama dengan intensi berhenti menyalahgunakan narkoba pasca program rehabilitasi. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial 14(03): 36-49.

Hawari, D. (2004). Penyalahgunaan dan Ketergantungan NAZA (Narkotikaa, Alkohol dan Zat Adiktif). Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Hurlock, E. B. (1980). Developmental Psychology, a Life-Span Approach. Ed. ke-5. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.Inc.

Irwanto. (1993). Tindakan-tindakan pencegahan (preventif) dalam masalah penyalahgunaan obat. Makalah. Proyek Peningkatan Peran Serta Masyarakat dalam Penanggulangan Masalah Penyalahgunaan Obat-obat di Indonesia.

Jamaluddin, A. (2012). Salah Guna Narkoba. Sebab, Akibat, Cegah dan Rawat. Serdang: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.

Jeste, D.L., Liebermen, J.A., Fassler, T.D., & Peele, S.R. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder. DSM-V. American Psychiatrict Association. Fifth Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatrict Publishing.

Jokosuyono, Y.P. (1980). Masalah Narkotika dan Bahan Sejenisnya. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Kompasiana. (2011). (http://metro.kompasiana.com/2011/06/26/indonesia-bebas narkotikaa pada tahun-2015/).

Kelley, A.E., Schochet, T., & Landry, CF. (2004). Risk taking and novelty seeking in adolescence. In: Dahl, RE.; Spear, L P., editors. Adolescent Brain Development: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities. Vol.1021. New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. p. 23-32.

Kuntari, S. (2011). Menyingkap tabir penyebab dan dampak penyalahgunaan narkoba. Jurnal PKS 10(4): 409-425.

Lickona, T. (1992). Educating For Character. How Our Schools Can Teach Respect and Responsibility. New York: Bantam Books.

Poeroe, S.K.U. (1989). Studi tentang perbedaan locus of control antara remaja narkotika, nakal dan biasa di Jakarta Selatan. Tesis Sarjana Muda. Universitas Gajah Mada.

Pusponegoro, D.D. (2001). Pencegahan penyalahgunaan narkotikaa dan obat terlarang. Sari Pediatri 3(3): 157-162.

Ratnasingam, M. & Rahman, W. R. A. (1990). Perkembangan skala penggunaan dadah dalam penyelidikan pergantungan dadah. Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia 6: 103-118.

Schepis T.S., Adinoff B., & Rao, U. (2008). Neurobiological processes in adolescent addictive disorders. The American Journal on Addictions. 17:6–23.

Simulangkit, P. (2001). Globalisasi Peredaran Narkoba dan Penanggulangannya di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Wajar Hidup.

Spear L.P. (2002). The adolescent brain and age-related behavioral manifestations. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 2002: 24:417–463.

Squeglia L. M., & Cservenka A. (2016). Adolescence drug use: Findings from Neuroimaging. Curr Psychiatry Rep. May; 18(5):46. Doi: 10.1007/s11920-016-0689-y.

Suparmono, G. (2007). Hukum Narkoba di Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Taib. (2010). Narkoba Strategi dan Kawalan di Sekolah–sekolah. Ed. ke-3. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Kuala Lumpur: Dawama Sdn. Bhd.

Tapert, S., & Schweinsburg, A.D. (2005). The human adolescent brain and alcohol use disorders. In: Galanter, M., editor. Recent Developments in Alcoholism: Vol XVII. Washington D.C: American Psychiatric Press; 2005. p. 177-197.

Throop, R.K. & Castellucci, M.B. (2005). Reaching Your Potential Personal, Personal and Proffesional Development. Ed. ke-3. USA: Thomson Delmar Learning..

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. 35 Tahun 2009 Tentang Narkotika.

Walsh, D. (2004). Why Do They Act That Way? A Survival Guide to the Adolescent Brain for You and You’re Teen. New York: Free Press.

Wallis, C. (2004). What makes teens tick? May 10.163:57–65.

Winters, K. C., & Arria, A. (2012). Adolescent brain development and drugs. National Institute of Health Public Access. 18(2): 21–24.

Winters K. C, & Lee S. (2008). Likelihood of developing an alcohol and cannabis use disorder during youth: Association with recent use and age. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 92:239–247. [PubMed: 17888588]

Yatim, D.I. (1991). Apakah Penyalahgunaan Obat itu? Kepribadian, Keluarga dan Narkotika: Tinjauan Sosial Psikologi. Jakarta: Arcon.

Yunita, Ratna. (2010). Penyalahgunaan Narkoba. (Online). http://www.sadarnarkoba.com/?p=65.[2 agustus 2015].

Yusof et.al. (2011). Farmakologi Dadah Disalahguna. Ed. ke-2. Negeri Sembilan: Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia.

Published
2017-06-30
How to Cite
Ismail, W. (2017). TEORI BIOLOGI TENTANG PERILAKU PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA. Jurnal Biotek, 5(1), 127-143. https://doi.org/10.24252/jb.v5i1.3453
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 3502 times