The Future Direction of Pesantren's Research: A Bibliometric Analysis

  • Mahmud Yunus Mustofa Walisongo State Islamic University
  • Abdurrahman Mas'ud Walisongo State Islamic Universiy Semarang
  • Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth Walisongo State Islamic Universiy Semarang
Keywords: Bibliometric, research trends, digital technology, Publish or Perish, VOSviewer


Academics have not quantified the quantity and quality of research conducted on pesantren (Islamic boarding school), particularly concerning the development of digital technology. Indeed, the current pesantren trend has accelerated as a response to the development of online media. This article will analyze emerging research trends, mentor academics involved in pesantren’s research, and direct researchers. Additionally, this article discusses the most influential authors and journals in the area. The research aims to evaluate pesantren's research trends indexed in Scopus using bibliometric analysis software Publish or Perish and VOS Viewer. The study discovered that pesantren's research has shifted during the last decade. According to the data, scholars continue to study pesantren's research themes infrequently, as indicated by the indexation of only 61 publications by Scopus. The majority of researchers use a conventional approach to pesantren. As such, it is critical to conduct future research on the relationship between pesantren and the advancement of digital technology. Specifically, in the form of Kiai (teacher) or santri-based learning (student-based learning) models and the process of pesantren adaptation, as indicated by the establishment of numerous pesantren media platforms as centers for religious knowledge production and dissemination. Thus, pesantren will keep being the source of religious knowledge by adapting to tradition and technology.


Download data is not yet available.


Anam, S. (2019). The moral education and internalization of humanitarian values in pesantren. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, 7(4), 815–834.

Asrohah, H. (2011). The dynamics of pesantren: Responses toward modernity and mechanism in organizing transformation. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 5(1), 66–90.

Bin-Tahir, S. Z. (2019). Designing English syllabus for multilingual students at pesantren schools. Asian EFL Journal, 23(3), 5–27.

Bourdieu, P. (1977). Structures and the habitus.

Bunt, G. R. (2009). iMuslims: Rewiring the house of Islam (1st ed.). Univ of North Carolina Press.

Campbell, H. (2013). Digital religion. Understanding Religious Practice in New Media.

Campbell, H. A. (2020). Digital creatives and the rethinking of religious authority. Routledge.

De Bakker, F. G. A., Groenewegen, P., & Den Hond, F. (2005). A bibliometric analysis of 30 years of research and theory on corporate social responsibility and corporate social performance. Business & Society, 44(3), 283–317.

de Oliveira, O. J., da Silva, F. F., Juliani, F., Barbosa, L. C. F. M., & Nunhes, T. V. (2019). Bibliometric method for mapping the state-of-the-art and identifying research gaps and trends in literature: an essential instrument to support the development of scientific projects. In Scientometrics Recent Advances. IntechOpen.

Dhofier, Z. (1982). Tradisi pesantren: Studi tentang pandangan hidup kyai. LP3ES.

Donthu, N., Kumar, S., Mukherjee, D., Pandey, N., & Lim, W. M. (2021). How to conduct a bibliometric analysis: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 133, 285–296.

Duque Oliva, E. J., Cervera Taulet, A., & Rodríguez Romero, C. (2006). A bibliometric analysis of models measuring the concept of perceived quality inproviding internet service. Innovar, 16(28), 223–243.

Eickelman, D. F., Anderson, J. W., & Tessler, M. (2003). New media in the Muslim world: The emerging public sphere. Indiana University Press.

El Mohadab, M., Bouikhalene, B., & Safi, S. (2020). Bibliometric method for mapping the state of the art of scientific production in Covid-19. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 139, 110052.

Fauzi, A. (2018). E-Learning in Pesantren: Learning Transformation based on the Value of Pesantren. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1114, Issue 1).

Fauzi, M. L. (2012). Traditional Islam in Javanese society: The roles of kyai and pesantren in preserving Islamic tradition and negotiating modernity. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 6(1), 125–144.

Hamid, H. (2012). Developing education strategy of islamic boarding schools (Pesantren): Study at three pesantrensof islamic union organization (Persatuan Islam) at the district of Sumedang, West Java-Indonesia. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8(12), 5583–5590.

Hudaefi, F. A. (2019). The practice of local economic development and Maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah: Evidence from a Pesantren in West Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 12(5), 625–642.

Humaisi, M. S. (2019). Pesantren education and charismatic leadership: A qualitative analysis study on quality improvement of islamic education in pondok pesantren nurul jadid paiton, probolinggo. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(7), 1509–1516.

Indra, H. (2019). Pesantren salafiyah education to building the characters of nation. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 8(10), 839–841.

Isbah, M. F. (2020). Pesantren in the changing Indonesian context: History and current developments. QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies), 8(1), 42.

Ismah, N. (2012). Young women writers from the pesantren tradition: Self-initiative, learning environment, and the education system. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 6(2), 280–304.

Izfanna, D. (2012). A comprehensive approach in developing akhlaq: A case study on the implementation of character education at Pondok Pesantren Darunnajah. Multicultural Education and Technology Journal, 6(2), 77–86.

Jamil, M. (2019). The response of pesantren community toward the ideology of islamism: A study of pesantren teachers’ perception in North Sumatra. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 10(2), 204–223.

Kozinets, R. V. (2010). Netnography: Doing ethnographic research online. Sage publications.

Kozinets, R. V, & Gambetti, R. (2020). Netnography Unlimited: Understanding Technoculture Using Qualitative Social Media Research. Routledge.

Ma’arif, S. (2019). Reinventing pesantren’s moderation culture to build a democratic society in the post-reform Republic of Indonesia. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 27(3), 1739–1751.

Ma’Arif, S. (2018). Education as a foundation of humanity: Learning from the pedagogy of pesantren in Indonesia. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 9(2), 104–123.

Machfudz. (2019). Communication effects word of mouth (Wom) in Wali santri’s decision on pesantren selection. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 8(11), 1397–1403.

Madjid, N. C. (1997). Bilik-Bilik Pesantren; Sebuah Potret Perjalanan. Paramadina.

Maisyaroh. (2019). Development of the model of implementation and evaluation of the 21st century community participation in pesantren-based junior high school. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 5(4), 599–610.

Mandaville, P. (1999). Digital Islam: Changing the boundaries of religious knowledge? Isim Newsletter, 2(1), 1–23.

Mas’ud, A. (2006). Dari Haramain ke Nusantara; Jejak Intelektual Arsitek Pesantren. Kencana.

Masruhan. (2019). The unprecedented contextual interpretation of the misogynic hadith at the reformist persis pesantren in Bangil. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 13(2), 480–504.

Muchtar, N., & Ritchey, J. A. (2014). Preaching, community, and convergence: Use of old and new media by progressive Indonesian Islamic leaders. International Communication Gazette, 76(4–5), 360–376.

Mukhibat, M., & Ghafar, M. (2019). Virtual Pesantren: New Trend of Islamic Education Model in Indonesia. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change (IJICC), 5(2), 189–199.

Ng, W. (2012). Can we teach digital natives digital literacy? Computers & Education, 59(3), 1065–1078.

Ni’am, S. (2015). Pesantren: The miniature of moderate Islam in Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 5(1), 111–134.

Nilan, P. (2009). The ‘spirit of education’in Indonesian Pesantren. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 30(2), 219–232.

Nurdin, A. A., Anwar, R., Rostandi, U. D., & Qodim, H. (2019). Promoting Moderate Islam Through Educational Institution (The case of faculty of Ushuluddin, UIN Bandung). Social and Humaniora Research Symposium (SoRes 2018), 536–539.

Prabamurti, P. N. (2019). Santri perception on the lesbian gay biseksual and transgender phenomenon a study in Pondok Pesantren Nurul Mursyd Semarang. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 10(3), 867–871.

Putro, A. A. Y. (2019). New Tradition of Pesantren in Character Education. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1254, Issue 1).

Raihani. (2012). Report on multicultural education in pesantren. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 42(4), 585–605.

RI, B. L. dan D. K. (2019). Moderasi Beragama. Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia.

Saat, N., & Burhani, A. N. (2020). The New Santri: Challenges to Traditional Religious Authority in Indonesia (1st ed.). ISEASтАУYusof Ishak Institute.

Saputro, M. E. (2011). Muslim localizing democracy: A non-pesantren village in Madura as a preliminary study. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 1(2), 297–316.

Solahudin, D., & Fakhruroji, M. (2020). Internet and Islamic learning practices in Indonesia: Social media, religious populism, and religious authority. Religions, 11(1), 19.

Syakroni, A. (2019). Motivation and Learning Outcomes Through the Internet of Things; Learning in Pesantren. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1363, Issue 1).

Syamsul, M. (2018). Education as a Foundation of Humanity: Learning from the Pedagogy of Pesantren in Indonesia. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 9(2), 104–123.

Syarif, Z., & Hannan, A. (2020). Kearifan Lokal Pesantren sebagai Bangunan Ideal Moderasi Islam Masyarakat Madura. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 14(2), 220–240.

Tahir, S. (2015). Multilingual behavior of pesantren IMMIM students in makassar. Asian EFL Journal, 2015(86), 45–64.

Tahir, S. (2017). Multilingual teaching and learning at Pesantren Schools in Indonesia. Asian EFL Journal, 2017(98), 74–94.

Van Bruinessen, M. (1990). Kitab kuning: Books in Arabic script used in the pesantren milieu: Comments on a new collection in the KITLV library. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land-En Volkenkunde, 2/3de Afl, 226–269.

van Bruinessen, M. M. (1994). Pesantren and kitab kuning: Continuity and change in a tradition of religious learning.

Wahid, K. H. A. (2001). Menggerakkan Tradisi; Esai-Esai Pesantren. LKIS PELANGI AKSARA.

How to Cite
Mustofa, M. Y., Mas’ud, A., & Elizabeth, M. Z. (2022). The Future Direction of Pesantren’s Research: A Bibliometric Analysis. Khizanah Al-Hikmah : Jurnal Ilmu Perpustakaan, Informasi, Dan Kearsipan, 10(1), 46-60.
Abstract viewed = 593 times