The Fiqh Scholars Disclosure on Crewman Boat Friday Prayers

  • Andi Yaqub Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kendari
    (ID)
  • Mohd Hafiz Jamaluddin Universiti Malaya
    (MY)
  • Andi Fahrunnisa Aulia Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)
Keywords: Friday Prayers, Crew Ships, Fiqh Madhhab

Abstract

This research aims to investigate the responsibility of serving as a resource for crew members on the boat of a captain, with reference to the traditional school of law in Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh. Specifically, the focus is on the obligation of Friday prayers for the crew and the different opinions on this matter based on the fiqh madhhab. This research is conducted through a comprehensive review of relevant literature. Primary and secondary data were collected using a descriptive qualitative research method, with the Qur'an and Hadith serving as the primary sources of information. The results showed that Friday prayers are mandatory for Muslim men who meet the requirements and have no old syar'ī. However, there are varying opinions among Muslim Imams regarding the performance of Friday prayers for crew members on board. The Maliki and al-Shafi'i madhhabs of thought believe that Friday prayers are invalid when they are not conducted in a mosque, while the Hanafi and Hambali madhhabs permit Friday prayers to be performed anywhere. Regarding the permissibility of praying on a ship, Imam Abu Hanifah believes it is acceptable to pray on a boat or ship when it is on land. When the ship is not in a confined state on the ground at the port and it is possible to leave the ship, it is forbidden to pray on it. Meanwhile, Imam Malik and Imam al-Shafi'i hold that it is permissible to pray on a ship, even when it is conceivable to leave the ship, as long as the prayer is performed facing the Qibla and its pillars are perfect. Imam Ahmad bin Hambal is of the opinion that it is not permissible to conduct the fardu prayer on a ship if the individual is able to perform the prayer outside the ship.

Author Biographies

Andi Yaqub, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kendari

Andi Yaqub, a lecturer with 10 years of teaching experience in the field of Islamic Studies. I earned my Doctorate (Ph.D.) in Sharia/Islamic Law from Alauddin State Islamic University Makassar in 2015, During my teaching career, I have worked as a Civil Service Lecturer at the State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Kendari since 2018 until now. In addition, he has worked as a Non-Permanent Lecturer / Guest at the State Islamic College (STAIN) Watampone during the period 2013 to 2017 and Makassar State University during the period 2015 to 2016. There, I was responsible for teaching Fiqh, Ushul Fiqh, Philosophy, and Philosophy of Islamic Law courses. In addition, I actively conduct research in the fields of Islamic Environmental Law, Islamic Astronomy and Astrology, Sakinah Family and have published several articles in leading journals and conferences. In addition to teaching experience, I also have expertise in Outwardbond Programmer, Surveyor, UAV Pilot, and Islamic Astronomy Observer. I have received awards and achievements in the academic field, including LPDP Awardee (2015) and the best graduate of the UIN Alauddin Makassar Doctoral Program (2015). I am actively involved in organizations, such as and FISS, Kriyaw PA, Nahdlatul Ulama Regional Board of Sulawesi Tenggata, Indonesian Drone Pilots Association, Indonesian Law Journal Management Association. active participation in Bulu' Bawakaraeng Mountain Heritage Programmes gave me the opportunity to continue developing my knowledge and professional network.

Mohd Hafiz Jamaluddin, Universiti Malaya

Mohd Hafiz Jamaludin is a senior lecturer in the Department of Sharia and Law, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya. He graduated from Al-Azhar University, Egypt in 2007 in the field of Islamic Sharia. In 2009, he continued his undergraduate studies at the Department of Sharia and Law, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya in the field of Fatwa Law. He completed his undergraduate studies in 2011. Subsequently, he was sponsored by the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education under the Bumiputera Academic Training Scheme (SLAB) to continue his studies at the doctor of philosophy level in the field of Shariah Law in 2012 at the same university. . Throughout his studies at the doctor of philosophy level, he was given the opportunity to follow the Arabic Language and Islamic Studies Methodology course at the Islamic University of Madinah, Saudi Arabia in 2013 and the Student Exchange Program at The Istanbul Foundation for Science and Culture, Turkey in 2014. He has completed his doctoral studies in 2016. He has been involved in various research projects led by his supervisor, Professor Dato' Dr Ahmad Hidayat Buang in the field of fatwas and Islamic finance. Next, he led a research project in the field of Islamic finance under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Education, Universiti Malaya and INCEIF in 2017. He has published several articles in the field of Sharia, fatwas and Islamic finance in local and foreign journals in addition to presentations at national and international level seminars.

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Published
2023-06-01
How to Cite
Yaqub, A., Jamaluddin, M. H., & Aulia, A. F. (2023). The Fiqh Scholars Disclosure on Crewman Boat Friday Prayers. Mazahibuna: Jurnal Perbandingan Mazhab, 85-98. https://doi.org/10.24252/mh.vi.32995
Section
Articles
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