The Pawn (Rahn) in Local Practice of Massanra Galung of South Sulawesi Society

A Comparative Analysis of Madhhabs

  • Kamaruddin Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kendari, Indonesia
    (ID)
  • Andri Martiana International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia
    (MY)
  • Ummi Farhah International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia
    (MY)
  • Cahaya Rahmadani S Ikatan Pemuda DDI Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
    (ID)
Keywords: Rahn, Pawn, Massanra Galung, Madhhabs Comparative, Local Wisdom

Abstract

The application of massanra galung has become a customary practice within the Bellu Village community. However, its execution has been observed to frequently experience certain deviations from the established regulations. This study aims to examine the application of the concept of Rahn within the context of the massanra galung practice in Bellu Village, situated in Salomekko District, Bone Regency. It was also carried out with the aim of exploring and analyzing the Rahn concept through the lens of the four main schools of thought (madhhabs) in Sunni fiqh. This research is empirical research, and it was conducted using both a phenomenological and a comparative approach. To achieve the outlined aim, data were collected from interviews with six people who practiced massanra galung and from several community leaders. The obtained results showed that within the implementation system of massanra galung in Bellu Village, it is customary for the pledgor to approach the pawn receiver to secure a loan, typically offering their rice field as collateral. It is important to acknowledge that the views of the four madhhabs on certain matters differ, specifically when considering the practice of massanra galung. However, these schools of thought all agree that due to the fulfillment of the pillars and conditions required for massanra galung, the practice is considered valid and permissible according to Islamic law. Regarding the pawn transaction, two parties are considered namely the pawn giver (rāhin) and the pawn receiver (murtahin). It was recommended that efforts aimed at reinforcing the practice of massanra galung should prioritize the enhancement of record-keeping protocols to mitigate potential disputes.

Author Biographies

Kamaruddin, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kendari, Indonesia
Professor in the field of Islamic Law and currently serves as Dean of the Faculty of Sharia and Law,
Andri Martiana, International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia

https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=57208176680

Ummi Farhah, International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=zkMaaqkAAAAJ&hl=en

References

Abubakar, L., & Handayani, T. (2017). Legal Issues in Sharia Pawn Gold Practice in Indonesia. Fiat Justisia: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 11(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.25041/fiatjustisia.v11no1.618

Adam, P., Putra, A., Saripudin, U., & Nurrachmi, I. (2023). The Rulings on Capital Return Guarantees in Muḍārabah ( Profit Sharing ) Contracts : A Comparative Study between The AAOIFI Sharia Standards and the DSN-MUI Fatwas. AL-Iqtishad: Jurnal Ilmu Ekononmi Syariah, 15(1), 89–108.

Al-Bukhārī, M. bin I. (2012). Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhārī (I). Dar al-Thuq al-Najah.

Al-Jazīrī, A. (2015). al-Fiqh ‘alā al-Mazāhib al-Arba’ah. Dār al-Ḫadīṡ.

Alwi, M. (2016). Praktek Gadai Sawah Pada Masyarakat Kecamatan Luyo Kabupaten Polewali Mandar Perspektif Etika Bisnis Islam. J-ALIF Jurnal Penelitian Ekonomi Syariah Dan Sosial Budaya Islam, 1(1), 15–27. https://doi.org/10.35329/jalif.v1i1.432

Arafat, F. D., & Pahlevi, F. S. (2021). Praktek Gadai Sawah di Kelurahan Klemunan Wlingi Blitar dalam Analisis Hukum Islam. Jurnal Antologi Hukum, 1(1), 145–162. https://doi.org/10.21154/antologihukum.v1i1.244

Asari, A., & Firdaus, M. I. (2022). Comparison of Rahn Contract from the Perspective of Islamic Law and Indonesian Guarantee Law. Journal of Islamic Economics Lariba, 8(2), 255–270. https://doi.org/10.20885/jielariba.vol8.iss2.art1

Asni, M. F. A. H. bin M., & Sulong, J. bin. (2016). Fatwa concerningQabd in Hibah and the insertion of Qabd element in States Fatwa in Malaysia. Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture, 4(1), 143–154. https://doi.org/10.15640/jisc.v4n1a17

Bahri, S. (2021). TOWARDS A RENEWAL OF ISLAMIC FAMILY LAW The Contribution of Theory of Contraction al-Qabḍ ) and Expansion (al-Basṭ) of Abdul Karim Soroush). Al-Ahwal: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam, 14(1), 71–85. https://doi.org/10.14421/ahwal.2021.14106

Faisal, A., Saidah, Mukrimin, Zakirah, & Darwis, R. (2023). Sociological and Political Constraints of Islamic Sharia Enforcement in South Sulawesi Indonesia. Juris: Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah, 22(1), 159–169. https://doi.org/10.31958/juris.v22i1.8604

Febrianasari, S. N. (2020). Islamic Economic Law in the Ijarah and Rahn Contracts. Qawãnïn Journal of Economic Syaria Law, 4(2), 193–208. https://doi.org/10.30762/q.v4i2.2471

Fedro, A., Lahuri, S. bin, & Ghozali, M. (2019). Legal Analysis on the Fatwa of Sharia National Council on Rahn: Between Legal Philosophy and Its Implementation in Indonesian Sharia Pawnshop. Mazahib: Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum Islam, 18(1), 76–116. https://doi.org//10.21093/ mj.v17i1.1056

Hamoudi, H. A. (2007). Muhammad’s social justice or Muslim cant?: Langdellianism and the failures of Islamic finance. Cornell International Law Journal, 40(1), 89–133.

Hasan, Z. (2006). Legal Thougthts of Madhhab al-Shafi’i in the Implementation of Islamic Banking in Malaysia. Journak IKIM, 1(January), 21–30. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejoc.201200111

Hayati, I., Djamil, F., & Edyar, B. (2022). Utilization of Land Pawning Objects in Minangkabau in The Perspective of The Scholars of Schools of Thought. Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam, 7(2), 597–616. https://doi.org/10.29240/jhi.v7i2.5457

Hidayatullah, M. S., & Fadillah, R. (2022). Economic and Legal Dimensions of Collateral Existence in Modern Mudhārabah Contracts: Understanding the Relationship between Risk Management, National Law, and Contemporary Fiqh. Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam, 16(2), 223–238. https://doi.org/10.24090/mnh.v16i2.6860

Iska, S., Jubba, H., Epicandra, E., & Yusuf, M. (2023). The construction of an Islamic capitalism through Pagang Gadai amongst the Minangkabau people. Cogent Social Sciences, 9(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2022.2154547

Kementerian Agama RI. (2019). Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya. Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur’an Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI. https://lajnah.kemenag.go.id/unduhan/category/3-terjemah-al-qur-an-tahun-2019

Khanif, A. (2020). The Shafi’i’s and the School of Shafi’ite’s (the Nawawi’s and Ramli’s ) Concept of Kafā’ah. Ulumuddin: Journal of Islamic Legal Studies, 13(1), 24–44. https://doi.org/10.22219/ulumuddin.v1i1.12722

Kusuma, L., Siregar, P. A., & Bancin, K. (2020). Agricultural Land Pawn Practices in Nagori Bandar Rakyat, Bandar District, Simalungun Regency. Al-Tawassuth: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, 5(1), 97–119. https://doi.org/10.30829/ajei.v5i1.7898

Latif, M., & Mutawalli, M. (2023). Fiqh of Civilization in Building a Legal State : The Relevance of Muhammad Arkoun’s Thought. Al-Ahkam: Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum Islam, 33(2), 207–230. https://doi.org/10.21580/ahkam.2023.33.2. 16643

Maleha, N. Y., & Saprida. (2019). Performance of islamic law against pawn implementation systems in betung village Lubuk Keliat Sub-District ogan Ilir district. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 9(1), 3567–3570. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.A2688.109119

Mardatillah, M., Zaenab, Z., Nashrurrahman, N., & Nasir, H. (2022). Pelaksanaan Sanra Galung Perspektif Ekonomi Islam. Al-Azhar Journal of Islamic Economics, 4(2), 121–132. https://doi.org/10.37146/ajie.v4i2.181

Muhtarom, M., Iswandi, I., & Aminulloh, A. (2022). Pawn Paddy Practices According to Islamic Law and Positive Law. JOURNAL of LEGAL RESEARCH, 4(5), 1223–1240. https://doi.org/10.15408/jlr.v4i5.28248

Nurhabni. (2022). Utilisation of Boat Pawn in the View of Fiqh Muamalah. Jurnal El-Thawalib, 3(4). https://doi.org/10.24952/el-thawalib.v3i4.5944

Nursyarifah, F. (2015). Praktik Gadai Sawah Petani Desa Simpar Kecamatan Cipunagara Kabupaten Subang Dalam Perspektif Fikih Muamalah. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah.

Quarshie, N. O. (2023). Spiritual Pawning: Mad Slaves and Mental Healing in Atlantic-Era West Africa. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 65(3), 475–499. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0010417523000051

Razak, A. A., & Asutay, M. (2022). Financial inclusion and economic well-being: Evidence from Islamic Pawnbroking (Ar-Rahn) in Malaysia. Research in International Business and Finance, 59(January). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ribaf.2021.101557

Rizal, M., & Bahri, A. H. (2022). Imam Al-Shafi’i’s Thought About Human Obligations and Rights in Islamic Law. Mazahibuna: Jurnal Perbandingan Mazhab, 4(1), 49–70. https://doi.org/10.24252/mh.vi.25461

Rosyadi, I., & Rizka, R. (2022). Utilization of Land Pawning in Customary Law and Its Solutions Under Islamic Law. Jurnal Jurisprudence, 11(2), 234–252. https://doi.org/10.23917/jurisprudence.v11i2.16374

Safrizal, S. (2016). Praktek Gala Umong (Gadai Sawah) Dalam Perspektif Syari’Ah (Studi Kasus Di Desa Gampong Dayah Syarif Kecamatan Mutiara Kabupaten Pidie Provinsi Aceh). Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura, 15(2), 231. https://doi.org/10.22373/jiif.v15i2.544

Saputra, A. (2022). Implementation of the Auction of Pawn Collateral Objects based on the National Sharia Council Fatwa No.25/DSN-MUI/III/2002 concerning Rahn in Sharia Pawnshops. Jurnal An-Nahl, 9(1), 11–17. https://doi.org/10.54576/annahl.v9i1.43

Sari, E. P., & Meidina, A. R. (2022). The Concept of Bai’u al-Uhdah as the Use of Pawned Goods in Islamic Law. International Journal of Social Science and Religion (IJSSR), 3(3), 295–310. https://doi.org/10.53639/ijssr.v3i3.98

Satar, M., & Ahmad, L. O. I. (2022). Pawn (RAHN) In The Perspective Of The Hadith Of The Prophet Muhammad SAW. Economos : Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Bisnis, 5(2), 114–118. https://doi.org/10.31850/economos.v5i2.1806

Shabbir, M. S. (2019). Informal shariah pawnshop in the traditional markets of Surakarta. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-09-2017-0097

Sholihah, H. (2019). Utilisation of Pawn Goods in Review of Islamic Law and Indonesian Civil Law. Al-Afkar, Journal For Islamic Studies, 4(1), 105–124. https://doi.org/10.31943/afkar_journal.v4i1.62

Subekti, R., Rahardjo, P. S., & Rahayu, A. M. K. (2022). the Agro-Finance Governance of Land Pawning Institutionalism in an Asian Emerging Economy. Corporate Governance and Organizational Behavior Review, 6(4), 150–156. https://doi.org/10.22495/cgobrv6i4p14

Surahman, Abidin, Z., & Haeran. (2021). Implementation of the garden land pawn system in the perspective of Islamic law: Study in Sungai Tering Village, Nipah Panjang Sub-district, East Tanjung Jabung Regency. Al-Hukmi : Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah Dan Keluarga Islam, 2(2), 179–186. https://doi.org/10.35316/alhukmi.v2i2.1450

Wiederhold, L. (1996). Legal Doctrines in Conflict the Relevance of Madhhab Boundaries to Legal Reasoning in the Light of an Unpublished Treatise on Taqlīd and Ijtihād. Islamic Law and Society, 3(2), 234–304. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3399456

Wijaya, N. H. (2022). the Challenges of Sharia Pawnshops in Indonesia in the Era of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. El-Mashlahah, 12(1), 52–69. https://doi.org/10.23971/elma.v12i1.3910

Interviews

Asniati. (2023). Pawn Recipients (murtahin), Interview.

Jusman, A. (2023). Community Figure, Interview, Samaenre Hamlet, Bellu Village, Salomekko District, Bone Regency, January 15.

Tang, G. (2023). Pawnbroker, interview, Amessangeng Hamlet, Bellu Village, Salomekko District, Bone Regency, 13 January.

Published
2023-12-01
How to Cite
Kamaruddin, Martiana, A., Farhah, U., & S, C. R. (2023). The Pawn (Rahn) in Local Practice of Massanra Galung of South Sulawesi Society: A Comparative Analysis of Madhhabs. Mazahibuna: Jurnal Perbandingan Mazhab, 117-131. https://doi.org/10.24252/mazahibuna.vi.39894
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 241 times