Uji Ketahanan Tujuh Kultivar Jagung (Zea mays L.) Terhadap Penyakit Bulai (Peronosclerospora spp.)

  • Budi Setiadi Daryono Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
    (ID)
  • Anisa Parazulfa Laboratorium Genetika dan Pemuliaan Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada
    (ID)
  • Purnomo Purnomo Laboratorium Sistematika Tumbuhan Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of important food in Indonesia. Java Downy Mildew is a plant disease caused by Peronosclerospora spp. This specific fungus attacks corn plants, especially the leaves. The purpose of this study was to examine maize cultivars resistance to Java Downy Mildew.  This research was conducted at the land owned by Agrotechnology Innovation Center (PIAT) UGM located in Kalitirto Village, Berbah Subdistrict, Sleman Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta. The main ingredients used in this study included maize with 7 different cultivars: Gama GS, Gama SG, Bisi 816, Pioneer 21, Lagaligo, Talenta, and Pulut. This research was conducted using Randomized Block Design with 7 treatments and 2 replications. The results showed that Talenta, Lagaligo and Bisi-816 were resistant to downy mildew. Pioneer-21 quite resistant to downy mildew. Cultivars Gama GS, Gama SG and Pulut were not resistant to downy mildew. This study provides new information related to the infection of downy mildew especially in Yogyakarta.

References

Aqil M, Rapar C, Zubachtirodin. 2012. Deskripsi Varietas Unggul Jagung. Edisi Ketujuh. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pertanian-Kementerian Pertanian. Maros. hal. 19, 47, 58.

Azrai M dan Kasim F. 2003. Analisis Varians dan Heritabilitas Ketahanan Galur Jagung Rekombinan terhadap Penyakit Bulai. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. vol 22(1): 31-32.

Budiarti SG, Sutoro, Hadiatmi, Purwanti H. 2012. Pembentukan dan Evaluasi Inbrida Jagung Tahan Penyakit Bulai. Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Rintisan dan Bioteknologi Tanaman. hal. 194 & 196.

Nirwanto H. 2007. Epidemi dan Penyakit Tanaman. Surabaya: UPN “Veteran” Jawa Timur Press. hal. 6

Matruti AE, Kalay AM, Uruilal C. 2013. Serangan Peronosclerospora spp. Pada Tanaman Jagung Di Desa Rumahtiga, Kecamatan Teluk Ambon Baguala Kota Ambon. Agrologia. vol. 2(2): 110.

Muis A, Marcia BP, Nurnina N, Wahyu PS. 2013. Keragaman Genetik Peronosclerospora maydis Penyebab Bulai pada Jagung Berdasarkan Analisis Marka SSR. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. vol. 32(3).

Muis A, Nonci N, Pabendon MB. 2015. Skrining Ketahanan Galur S1 Jagung terhadap Penyakit Bulai dan Pembentukan Galur S2 Tahan Penyakit Bulai. Bul. Plasma Nutfah. vol. 21(1): 19-20.

Pajrin J, Panggesso J, Rosmini. 2013. Uji Ketahanan Beberapa Varietas Jagung (Zea Mays L.) Terhadap Intensitas Serangan Penyakit Bulai (Peronosclerospora maydis). E-J. Agrotekbis. vol 1(2): 135-139.

Pakki S. 2005. Epidemiologi Dan Pengendalian Penyakit Bercak Daun (Helminthosporium Sp.) Pada Tanaman Jagung. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. vol. 24(3): 101-108.

Pesireron M dan Senewe RE. 2011. Keragaan 10 Varietas/Galur Jagung Komposit dan Hibrida Pada Agroekosistem Lahan Kering Di Maluku. Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian 7(2): 57.

Putri PH. 2012. Pertumbuhan dan Deteksi Gen Ketahanan Terhadap Cucumber mozaic virus pada Jagung Hibrida (Zea mays L.) Hasil Persilangan Kultivar Srikandi Kuning-1 dengan Guluk-guluk. [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Biologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada. hal. 49.

Rustiani US, Sinaga MS, Hidayat SH, Wiyono S. 2015. Ecological Characteristic of Peronosclerospora maydis in Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). vol 19(1): 159-167.

Semangun H. 2001. Pengantar Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press. hal. 415.

Published
2018-03-06
Section
Research Articles
Abstract viewed = 6374 times