MOBILITAS SPASIAL LANSIA DI RUANG LUAR PERMUKIMAN PADAT KOTA

  • Diananta Pramitasari Scopus ID: 57189501612, Department of Architecture and Planning, Universitas Gadjah Mada
    (ID)
  • Mutiara Anggi Departemen Teknik Arsitektur dan Perencanaan Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada
    (ID)
Keywords: Elderly; Walking; Densely populated settlement; Street; Junction open space.

Abstract

Abstrak_ Permukiman padat di tengah kota dan populasinya yang semakin meningkat merupakan suatu masalah urban yang kerap terjadi. Wilayah-wilayah tersebut menampung berbagai kalangan masyarakat, termasuk para lanjut usia (lansia) yang memilih untuk tetap tinggal atau bertahan di lingkungan tempat tinggalnya pada masa usia senja. Keterbatasan motorik yang semakin dihadapi lansia tidak mengurangi kebutuhannya untuk tetap bepergian, termasuk berjalan kaki di sekitar area permukiman. Kondisi spasial lingkungan tempat tinggal memegang peran yang sangat penting untuk mendukung mobilitas lansia di ruang luar. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini berusaha untuk mengeksplorasi kegiatan mobilitas lansia ketika berjalan kaki di ruang luar dan memahami kebutuhan yang mendukung kegiatan tersebut. Upaya tersebut ditempuh dengan mengkaji kegiatan responden lansia selama bermobilitas, serta karakteristik jejalur dan titik kegiatan yang terakses. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode person-centered mapping dan merekam 25 rute berjalan kaki oleh 19 responden lansia. Hasil yang didapatkan dari penelitian ini adalah jejalur yang diakses oleh responden lansia ketika bermobilitas di ruang luar didukung oleh faktor (1) fasilitas; (2) jarak dan letak jalur; (3) lebar jalur; dan (4) kondisi material. Penelitian ini turut merekomendasikan terbentuknya ruang terbuka di persimpangan atau tengah permukiman padat kota dengan akses yang mudah dan fasilitas yang beragam untuk mendukung kegiatan bermobilitas lansia di ruang luar.

Kata kunci: Lansia; Berjalan kaki; Permukiman padat kota; Jalur; Ruang terbuka di persimpangan

 

Abstract_Densely populated settlement in the middle of the city and its increasing population are urban problems that often occur. These areas accommodate various groups of people, including the elderlies, choosing to stay permanently in the neighborhood for relishing old age life. Physical limitations faced by the elderlies do not reduce the need to keep going out, including walking around the settlement. Spatial conditions in the neighborhood play a very important role in supporting the mobility of the elderlies in outdoor spaces. Therefore, this study seeks to explore the elderlies’ mobility activities when walking in outdoor spaces and understand the needs that support these activities. These efforts were taken by examining the occurring activities during the mobility, and the characteristics of the accessed streets and activity nodes. The research was conducted using the person-centered mapping method and recorded 25 walking routes by 19 elderlies. The result obtained from this study is the streets accessed by the elderlies are supported by (1) facilities; (2) distance and location; (3) width; and (4) material condition. This study also recommends the establishment of an accessible junction open space with various facilities in the middle of dense urban settlements to support the elderlies’ mobility.

Keywords:  Elderly; Walking; Densely populated settlement; Street; Junction open space.

 

 

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Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
Pramitasari, D., & Anggi, M. (2022). MOBILITAS SPASIAL LANSIA DI RUANG LUAR PERMUKIMAN PADAT KOTA. Nature: National Academic Journal of Architecture, 9(1), 112-140. https://doi.org/10.24252/nature.v9i1a9
Section
ARTICLES
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