THE EXISTENCE OF ISLAMIC LAW COMPILATION ARTICLE 183 IN SOLVING INHERITANCE ISSUE OF MUSLIM COMMUNITIES IN MAKASSAR

Andi Herawati

Abstract


The Qur'an and hadith of the Prophet are the main sources of Islamic law. The two sources can be understood and practiced based on their textual and contextual aspects, as well as being developed in detail by mujtahid scholars by paying attention to space and time with the situations and conditions in which they ijtihad resulting in the Compilation of Islamic Law. One of the contents of Islamic Law Compilation is the rule about the transfer of inheritance property to his surviving heirs. With the existence of these rules, the practice of distributing inheritance to Muslim communities, especially in the city of Makassar, varies greatly. There are by way of grants, deliberation, approaches to Islamic inheritance law, and also by mediation initiated by religious courts.

The finding shows that the Muslim community in Makassar City is more likely to apply Compilation of Islamic Law article 183 because the article is strengthened by QS Ali Imra>n/3: 159 and QS al-Shura>/42: 38, which emphasize the importance of deliberation to reach agreement. The agreement was reached well and peacefully based on the instructions in article 183 Islamic Law Compilation by deliberating with all heirs, describing all inheritance properties both location and area, explaining the part of each heirs based on inheritance rules, agreeing on the distribution method used, and making and signing up a statement of agreement and witnessed. So thus, harmony, peace, and benefit can be created among families in particular and among the community in general.

Keywords


Islamic Law Compilation; Inheritance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Qur’an al-Karim

Afdol, Kewenangan Pengadilan Agama Berdasarkan UU No. 3 Year 2006 & Legislasi Hukum Islam di Indonesia. 1st Printing; Surabaya: Airlangga University Press, 2006.

Ali, Muh. Daud. Hukum Islam: Pengantar Ilmu dan Tata Hukum Islam di Indonesia, 3rd Edition. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 1993.

Arifin, Busthanul. Pelembagaan Hukum Islam di Indonesia: Akar Sejarah, Hambatan, dan Prospeknya. 1st Printing; Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1996.

Arto, Mukti. Praktek Perkara Perdata pada Pengadilan Agama. 1st Printing; Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

Athoillah, M. Fikih Waris (Metode Pembagian Waris Praktis), Revised Edition. 3rd Printing; Bandung: Yrama Widya, 2016.

Azizy, A. Qodri. Eklektisisme Hukum Nasional, Kompetisi antara Hukum Islam dan Hukum Umum. 1st Printing; Yogyakarta: Gama Media, 2002.

Bisri, Cik Hasan. Pilar-Pilar Penelitian Hukum Islam dan Pranata Sosial. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 2004

Budiono, A. Rahmat. Pembaharuan Hukum Kewarisan Islam di Indonesia (Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 1999.

al-Bukhari, Abu Abdillah Muhammad bin Ismail. }Sah}ih} al-Bukha>ri>, in Maus}u>’ah al-H{adi>s al-Syari>f [CD ROM].

Bungin, Burhan. Ed. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Metodologi Penelitian Ke Arah Ragam Kontemporer. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada. 2004.

Darokah, Ali. “Reaktualisasi Mencari Kebenaran, Ikhtiar yang Wajar”, in Polemik Reaktualisasi Ajaran Islam. Bandung: Mizan, 1998.

Dja’far, Moh., “Kewarisan” dalam Taufiq Abdullah dkk, ed., Ensiklopedi Tematis Dunia Islam, 3rd Printing. Jakarta: Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, t.th.

Djafar, Idris, and Taufiq Yahya, Kompilasi Hukum Islam. 1st Printing; Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 1995.

Djamil, Fathurahman. Filsafat Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Logos, 1999.

Djamil, Fathurrahman. Wasiat: Makna, Urgensi dan Kedudukannya dalam Islam in Mimbar Hukum Journal No. 38 IX Year 1998.

Falaah, Fajrul. “Peradilan Agama dan Perubahan Tata Hukum Indonesia”, in Moh. Mahfud MD (Ed.), Peradilan Agama dan Kompilasi Hukum Islam dalam Tata Hukum Indonesia. 1st Printing; Yogyakarta: UII Press, 1993.

Fikri dan Wahidin. “Konsepsi Hukum Waris Islam dan Hukum Waris Adat (Analisis Kontektualisasi dalam Masyarakat Bugis).” al-ah}ka>m, Vol. 1 No. 2 (2016).

Habiburrahman, Rekonstruksi Hukum Kewarisan Islam di Indinesia. 1st Printing; Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2011.

Hassan, A. Al-Fara>id, Ilmu Pembagian Waris. Surabaya: Pustaka Progressif, 2003.

Hazairin, Tujuh Serangkai Tentang Hukum. 4th Printing; Jakarta: Bina Aksara, 1985.

Karim, Muchith A. Pelaksanaan Hukum Waris di Kalangan Umat Islam Indonesia. 1st Printing. Jakarta: Maloho Jaya Abadi Press. 2010.

_______, Problematika Hukum Kewarisan Islam Kontemporer di Indonesia. 1st Printing. Jakarta: Puslitbang Kehidupan Keagamaan Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI. 2012.

Manan, Abdul. Penerapan Hukum Acara Perdata di Lingkungan Peradilan Agama. 1st Printing; Jakarta: Prenada Media, 2005.

Ministry of Religion, Republic of Indonesia., Al-Qur’an and Its Translation (Jakarta: Tehazed, 2010),

Muhibbin, Moh. dan Abdul Wahid, Hukum Kewarisan Islam sebagai Pembaruan Hukum Posistif di Indonesia. 1st Printing; Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2009.

Nessa, M. Rum. “Putusan Hakim sebagai Wadah Pembaharuan Hukum” dalam M.Sutomo dan Ahmad Zaenal Fanani (Ed), Menggugat Stagnasi Pembaharuan Hukum Islam di Indonesia. 1st Printing; Yogyakarta: UII Press, 2016.

Shiddiqi, Noeruzzaman. Fiqh Indonesia Penggagas dan Gagasannya Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1997.

Sjadjali, Munawir. Kontekstualisasi Ajaran Islam. 1st Printing; Jakarta: Temprint, 1995

Sudarsono, Pokok-Pokok Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1992.

Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia., Islamic Law of Compilation. Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia, 2001.

Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia., Pedoman Teknis Administrasi dan Teknis Peradilan Agama Buku II, Revised Edition. 2009. Direktorat Jenderal Badan Peradilan Agama, 2014.

Supriyadi, Dedi. Sejarah Hukum Islam (Dari Kawasan Jazirah Arab sampai Indonesia). 1st Printing; Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2007.

Suyanto, Bagong. dan Sutinah. Metode Penelitian Sosial Berbagai Alternatif Pendekatan (Jakarta: Prenada Media Group. 2006.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/ad.v8i1.9323

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Al-Daulah : Jurnal Hukum Pidana dan Ketatanegaraan is indexed by

      

_______________________________________________________

Al-Daulah is officialy sponsored and funded by Department of Criminal and Constitution Law, State Islamic University Alauddin of Makassar

ISSN Print: 2303-050x ISSN Online: 2580-5797

Jln. H. M. Yasin Limpo No. 36 Romangpolong, Samata, Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan
Email: aldaulah@uin-alauddin.ac.id

Creative Commons License

View My Stats