Publication Ethics

This publishing ethics is mostly adopted from Elsevier Publishing Ethics

Duties of the Publisher

Al-Daulah has the responsibility of ensuring that scholarly papers published by the journal are safeguarded. The publisher should provide full support to the editors who put in significant efforts to make the journal a success. As a peer review journal, the publisher must establish strong communication with the reviewers. It is also essential that the publisher establish relationships with other institutions in the field. Additionally, we must provide editors with technical, procedural, and legal support. Above all, we must educate authors and researchers on publishing ethics.

Duties of the Editors

Publication Decision

The ultimate responsibility for determining which articles should be published in the journal rests solely with its editor.


The editor must ensure a fair, unbiased, and timely peer review process. Articles should be reviewed by at least two independent reviewers, and the editor should maintain good communication with them.

Fair Play

The editor has the responsibility to evaluate manuscripts based on their intellectual content without any bias towards the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The editor must use the journal's standard electronic submission system for all communication related to the journal. Both the editor and the publisher must establish a transparent mechanism for authors to appeal against editorial decisions.

Duties of the Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review is a process that helps editors make informed decisions about the quality and suitability of a manuscript for publication. The feedback provided by peer reviewers can also help authors improve their work. Peer review is a crucial aspect of scholarly communication and plays a central role in the scientific method.


Reviewers are required to maintain confidentiality and must not share the review or paper information with anyone or contact the author directly without the editor's permission. 

Standard of Objectivity and Competing Interests

Reviews of papers should be conducted in an objective manner. Reviewers must be aware of any personal biases they may have and take them into account when reviewing a paper. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly, with supporting arguments.

If a reviewer suggests that an author includes citations to the reviewer's (or their associates') work, it must be for genuine scientific reasons and not with the intention of increasing the reviewer's citation count or enhancing the visibility of their work (or that of their associates).

Duties of Authors

Authors are responsible for ensuring that their manuscript does not violate any copyright laws. They must also indemnify the editors and publishers against any copyright infringement. Obtaining permission to use copyrighted material is the responsibility of the authors, and they must provide evidence of such permission when submitting their manuscript. Furthermore, it is important to refer to "Peraturan Kepala Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 2014 Tentang Kode Etika Publikasi Ilmiah" (The Rules of Indonesian Institute of Sciences Regarding of Code of Scientific Publication Ethics) for matters concerning journal publishing ethics. This document can be downloaded for reference. HERE.