Publishing Malpractice Policy

In cases of alleged scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication, or plagiarism, we will promptly investigate the situation and take appropriate action. This may include issuing an erratum for minor errors, retracting the affected work in severe cases, or clarifying the situation through other means. We strictly prohibit substantial overlap between publications or 'self-plagiarism', though exceptions may be considered by the editor-in-chief under certain conditions, ensuring proper citation of the source. 

We adhere to COPE's Retraction Guidelines when considering retractions or corrections. Corrigenda are provided for author-made errors, while errata address journal errors. Retractions are initiated for significant errors or plagiarism, following COPE's guidelines: